Complexity Digest 2004.41
Archive: http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror: http://www.comdig.de Asian
Mirror: http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code) "I think
the next century will be the century of complexity." Stephen Hawking
01. Complexity Perception - Model Development And Analysis, Int. J. Info. Tech.
& Deci. Making
01.01. Corruption, Growth, And The Environment: A Cross-Country Analysis, Env.
& Dev. Econ.
02. Modelling Strategies For Controlling SARS Outbreaks, Alphagalileo & Proc. B
02.01. Health And Politics: Lessons Learned From The Iraq Conflict,
03. Why Two Sexes Are Better Than One, Science New
03.01. Pleiotropy As A Mechanism To Stabilize Cooperation, Nature
03.02. Pair Bonds: Arrival Synchrony In Migratory Birds, Nature
03.03. Genome Sequence of a Polydnavirus: Insights into Symbiotic Virus
04. Kurzweil's Quest For Eternal Youth Sets Group Abuzz, Washington Post
04.01. Stem Cells Pump Out Healing Molecules, Nature News
05. Synthetic Biology: Starting From Scratch, Nature
05.01. Futures Of Artificial Life, Nature
05.02. Did Volcanoes Help Create Life?, Nature News
05.03. Carbonyl Sulfide-Mediated Prebiotic Formation of Peptides, Science
06. Developmental Biology: Holding It Together In The Eye, Nature
06.01. How to Make a Uterus, Science Now
07. Extinct Humans Left Louse Legacy, BBC News
07.01. Lice Tell Mankind's Story, The Scientist
07.02. Tale of Human Origins, Told by Lice, Science News
08. Protein Breakdown Wins Chemistry Nobel, Science Now
08.01. Freeing Up the Strong Force, Science Now
09. How To Build The Universe, Nature News
09.01. Emergence of a 4D World from Causal Quantum Gravity, Phys. Rev. Lett.
09.02. How Much Of The Cosmological Timescale Do We Control And Use?, Nature
10. Study Shows Superior Sound-location Skills In The Blind, ScienceDaily
11. Social Sciences Are Branches Of Biology, Socio-Econ. Rev.
11.01. Biodiversity: The Sixth Great Wave, BBC News
11.02. Organic Farming Boosts Biodiversity, NewScientist
11.03. Spray Now or Pay Later, NY Times
12. Tyrannosaurs Evolved Head First, Science Now
12.01. 'New' Giant Ape Found In DR Congo, Science New
12.02. What's in a Chimp's Toolbox?, Science Now
12.03. The Scaling of Animal Space Use, Science
12.04. Keeping an Eye on the Neighbors, Science
13. Human and Computer Learning: An Experimental Study, arXiv
13.01. Researchers Manipulate Recognition Mechanism to Detect Small Molecules,
Georgia Tech News Release
14. Visionaries Outline Web's Future, BBC News
14.01. Dynamical Networks for Information Processing, Information Sciences
15. The Active Site in Nanoparticle Gold Catalysis, Science
16. Pit Stop on the Cocaine Highway, Washington Post
17. Ignorance Isn't Strength, NY Times
17.01. Campaign Security Screening Crowds for Doubters, NPR ME
17.02. Bush's Isolation From Reporters Could Be a Hindrance, Washington Post
18. The Battle of the Pump, NY Times
18.01. Nigeria Fuel Price Strike Starts, BBC News
18.02. Venezuela Raises Oil Drilling Tax, BBC News
18.03. Hydrogen Economy Looks Out Of Reach, Nature News
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terroist Networks
19.01. Mathematicians Offer Help in Terror Fight, China Daily/AP
19.02. A Web Wise Terror Network, BBC
19.03. After Convictions, the Undoing of a U.S. Terror Prosecution, NY Times
19.04. A New C.I.A. Report Casts Doubt on a Key Terrorist's Tie to Iraq, NY
19.05. Most at Guantanamo to Be Freed or Sent Home, Officer Says, Washington
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
01. Complexity Perception - Model Development And Analysis , Int. J. Info.
Tech. & Deci. Making
Excerpts: This paper shows that underlying parameters of perceived complexity
in the development of a technical platform in the mobile telecommunications
industry can be presented in a model consisting of four parameters, divided
into three levels. The parameters refer to the number of interrelated parts,
type of dependency among these parts, uncertainty in goals, and uncertainty in
methods. These complexity parameters can further be found on different levels -
external organization, internal organization, and product. The study also shows
that these underlying parameters come into play differently in different
settings, e.g. how these parameters are perceived is highly dependent on the
specific situation. (...)
* Complexity Perception - Model Development And Analysis Of Two Technical
Platform Projects In The Mobile Phones Industry, O. Dawidson
email@example.com , M. Karlsson firstname.lastname@example.org , L. Trygg
email@example.com , Sep. 2004, DOI: 10.1142/S02196220040011112,
International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making
* Contributed by Atin Das
01.01. Corruption, Growth, And The Environment: A Cross-Country Analysis , Env.
& Dev. Econ.
Excerpts: The relationship between per capita income and a number of pollution
indicators has been found to display an inverted U-shaped or downward-sloping
pattern. (...) the paper estimates the direct and the indirect effect of
corruption on pollution. The indirect effect via income is positive or negative
depending on the income level. If negative, the indirect effect is dominated by
the positive direct effect. Overall, our measures of pollution are
monotonically increasing in corruption. Because this relationship is
particularly strong at low income levels, developing countries can considerably
improve both their economic and environmental performance by reducing
* Corruption, Growth, And The Environment: A Cross-Country Analysis, H. Welsch
firstname.lastname@example.org , Oct. 2004, online 2004/10/07, DOI:
10.1017/S1355770X04001500, Environment and Development Economics
* Contributed by Pritha Das
02. Modelling Strategies For Controlling SARS Outbreaks , Alphagalileo & Proc.
Excerpt: A new study by Canadian researchers shows that rapid isolation of
people with symptoms of SARS under strict hygiene is sufficient to contain the
disease, without requiring the quarantine of those without symptoms. By
analyzing 2003 outbreaks in Toronto, Hong-Kong, Singapore and Beijing, the
researchers found that once an outbreak is underway, screening for infected
people at ports of entry yields little benefit, and now requires quarantine of
those without symptoms (but feared exposed to the virus) to control the
outbreak. Investment of public health resources to develop rapid and adequate
isolation programs is crucial to efficiently control future outbreaks (...).
* Modelling Strategies For Controlling SARS Outbreaks, A. B. Gumel , T. Day ,
S. Ruan , J. Watmough , F. Brauer , P. Van den Driessche , D. Gabrielson ,
C. Bowman , M. E. Alexander , S. Ardal , J. Wu , B. M. Sahai , 2004/10/04,
Alphagalileo & Proc. B (Biological Sciences)
* Contributed by Atin Das
02.01. Health And Politics: Lessons Learned From The Iraq Conflict ,
Excerpts: A Viewpoint (...) discusses the complex issues concerning the
provision of humanitarian relief in the Iraq conflict. The authors of the
article comment that 'the US armed forces have increased engagement in
humanitarian projects, such as community health and food programmes. Relief
organisations believe that this engagement contributes to insecurity by
blurring the lines between civilian and military function, and falsely
associates them with the military forces'. (...) "Judging from the experience
in Iraq, the armed forces should be prevented from dominating humanitarian
assistance as much as possible and should leave this task to agencies that have
traditionally handled humanitarian crises (...)".
* Health And Politics: Lessons Learned From The Iraq Conflict, R. Lane
email@example.com , 2004/10/06, Alphagalileo & Lancet
* Contributed by Atin Das
03. Why Two Sexes Are Better Than One , Science New
Unisex. Even organisms that seem to have just one gender, like this
Chlamydomonas alga, have two cryptic "mating types."
Credit: R. Hoekstra
(...) populated it with the hypothetical ancestors of all animals, plants, and
fungi: single-celled creatures that reproduce by cloning most of the time, but
regularly engage in sex, making either sperm, eggs, or wildcard sex cells that
can mate with sperm, egg, or other wildcards. (...).
The model showed that sperm and egg sex cells normally outbred wildcard sex
cells, (...). The researchers say the reason is that the latter would more
often mate with their relatives, (...).
(...) why more than two genders is also an evolutionary no-no.
* Why Two Sexes Are Better Than One, Menno Schilthuizen , 04/10/06, Science
03.01. Pleiotropy As A Mechanism To Stabilize Cooperation , Nature
Excerpt: Most genes affect many traits. This phenomenon, known as pleiotropy,
is a major constraint on evolution because adaptive change in one trait may be
prevented because it would compromise other traits affected by the same genes.
Here we show that pleiotropy can have an unexpected effect and benefit one of
the most enigmatic of adaptations-cooperation. A spectacular act of cooperation
occurs in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, in which some cells die
to form a stalk that holds the other cells aloft as reproductive spores.
* Pleiotropy As A Mechanism To Stabilize Cooperation, Kevin R. Foster1 , Gad
Shaulsky , Joan E. Strassmann , David C. Queller1 , Chris R. L. Thompson ,
04/10/07, DOI: 10.1038/nature02894, Nature 431, 693 - 696
03.02. Pair Bonds: Arrival Synchrony In Migratory Birds , Nature
Excerpt: Synchronous arrival of pairs of migratory birds at their breeding
grounds is important for maintaining pair bonds (...). Here we show that
arrival is also synchronized in paired individuals of a migratory shorebird,
the black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa islandica), even though they winter
hundreds of kilometres apart and do not migrate together. The mechanisms
required to achieve this synchrony and prevent 'divorce' illustrate the
complexity of migratory systems.
Breeding godwits arrived over a one-month period (...). Previously paired males
and females arrived within 3.1 (...) days of one another
* Pair Bonds: Arrival Synchrony In Migratory Birds, T. G. Gunnarsson , J. A.
Gill , T. Sigurbjörnsson , W. J. Sutherland , 04/10/07, DOI: 10.1038/431646a,
Nature 431, 646
03.03. Genome Sequence of a Polydnavirus: Insights into Symbiotic Virus
Evolution , Science
Excerpt: Almost a third of insect pest populations worldwide are naturally
controlled by parasitoid wasps. One of the most astonishing strategies used by
some of these wasps to modulate the prey caterpillars' physiology is the
injection of a "symbiotic" polydnavirus along with the wasp's eggs. (...). The
viruses are not transmitted by infection, but are "inherited" as an endogenous
provirus integrated in the wasp's genome. The virus genome seems to have
evolved in partnership with the wasp's to play the role of a natural biological
insecticide, to both partners' ultimate benefit.
* Genome Sequence of a Polydnavirus: Insights into Symbiotic Virus Evolution,
Eric Espagne , Catherine Dupuy , Elisabeth Huguet , Laurence Cattolico ,
Bertille Provost , Nathalie Martins , Maryl¨¨ne Poiri?, Georges Periquet , Jean
Michel Drezen , 04/10/08, Science : 286-289
04. Kurzweil's Quest For Eternal Youth Sets Group Abuzz , Washington Post
Excerpt: At MIT last week, Kurzweil described a future in which he's convinced
immortality -- or a drastically longer life span -- will be possible thanks to
emerging technologies. (...)
He and Grossman recommend simple starches and foods low in sugar and high in
anti-inflammatory agents such as fish and nuts. They advise taking all sorts of
substances such as phosphatidylcholine, a cell-membrane component that people
tend to lose as they age, making their skin sag.
* Kurzweil's Quest For Eternal Youth Sets Group Abuzz , Leslie Walker ,
04/10/07, Washington Post
04.01. Stem Cells Pump Out Healing Molecules , Nature News
Proteins from embryonic stem cells saved embryos that would otherwise have died
from a heart defect.
The cells must have pumped some kind of heart-repairing substance into the
mother's bloodstream, which travelled across the placenta into the babies and
directed their heart cells to grow normally.
The team showed that both of these molecules together have the potential to
entirely reverse the growing animal's heart problem. They injected just 15
healthy embryonic stem cells, which were making both IGF-1 and WNT5a, into
mutant embryos. The babies that developed from the embryos were close to
* Stem Cells Pump Out Healing Molecules, Helen Pearson , 04/10/07, Nature News
05. Synthetic Biology: Starting From Scratch , Nature
Excerpt: (...) insert a base pair not used in nature into their DNA. A better
understanding of the different types of molecules that can function as DNA
bases will open a window to the possible chemical ancestors of DNA that might
have existed on primordial Earth, and to the possible genetic systems that
could support life on other worlds. "I suspect that, in five years or so, the
artificial genetic systems that we have developed will be supporting an
artificial life form that can reproduce, evolve, learn and respond to
* Synthetic Biology: Starting From Scratch, Philip Ball , 04/10/07, DOI:
10.1038/431624a, Nature 431, 624 - 626
05.01. Futures Of Artificial Life , Nature
Excerpt: Researchers are learning to understand and manipulate the genetic
circuits that control cells.
(...) Bacteria and yeast have been engineered to build proteins impossible in
nature, and with novel properties, by the addition of synthetic amino acids.
Several groups are even working on assembling simple cells from basic
components. This is no longer a matter just of moving genes around. This is
shaping life like clay.
Members of the synthetic-biology community have begun to discuss the possible
risks, and ethical implications, of their work.
* Futures Of Artificial Life, 04/10/07, DOI: 10.1038/431613b, Nature 431, 613
05.02. Did Volcanoes Help Create Life? , Nature News
Gas belched out from prehistoric volcanoes could have helped the first life to
flourish, say chemists. They have worked out that carbonyl sulphide (COS) may
have been instrumental in stringing together the first molecular building
blocks of biology.
The discovery potentially answers one of the most vexing questions surrounding
the origins of life: just how did the first complex biological molecules
appear, given that there were no organisms around to produce them?
Volcanic gas may have been responsible for creating the first rudimentary
* Did Volcanoes Help Create Life?, Michael Hopkin , 04/10/07, Nature News
05.03. Carbonyl Sulfide-Mediated Prebiotic Formation of Peptides , Science
Excerpt: Almost all discussions of prebiotic chemistry assume that amino acids,
nucleotides, and possibly other monomers were first formed on the Earth or
brought to it in comets and meteorites, and then condensed nonenzymatically to
form oligomeric products. However, attempts to demonstrate plausibly prebiotic
polymerization reactions have met with limited success. We show that carbonyl
sulfide (COS), a simple volcanic gas, brings about the formation of peptides
from amino acids under mild conditions in aqueous solution. (...) peptides in
yields of up to 80% in minutes to hours at room temperature.
* Carbonyl Sulfide-Mediated Prebiotic Formation of Peptides, Luke Leman ,
Leslie Orgel , M. Reza Ghadiri , 04/10/08, Science : 283-286
06. Developmental Biology: Holding It Together In The Eye , Nature
Excerpt: How informative are the relatively simple and general rules of physics
in explaining the often bewildering complexity and specificity of biology? The
large number of proteins and metabolites that work together to produce the
specific shapes and functions of different cell types suggests that any
apparent similarities between cells and simpler non-biological objects are
unlikely to be more than coincidence. (...) remarkable analogy between the
structures formed from a type of cell in the retina of fruitfly eyes and
clusters of soap bubbles.
* Developmental Biology: Holding It Together In The Eye, Paul A. Janmey ,
Dennis E Discher , 04/10/07, DOI: 10.1038/431635a, Nature 431, 635 - 636
06.01. How to Make a Uterus , Science Now
Shape of things to come. Changes to two Hox genes may have spurred evolution of
the mammalian female reproductive tract.
Credit: Adapted From Lynch Et Al., Proceedings Of The Royal Society B, Online
Edition (October 2004)
(...) examined the genes' [HoxA-11 and HoxA-13, Ed.] sequences in a variety of
animals, including frog, chicken, platypus, opossum, mouse, and human. They
then reconstructed the sequences that likely existed in these animals'
ancestors and used a standard technique to determine whether differences in the
sequence likely arose by chance or by natural selection. Natural selection was
responsible for changes in both genes in the common ancestor of today's
marsupial and placental mammals, and for additional changes to HoxA-11 in the
lineage that gave rise to placentals, (...).
* How to Make a Uterus, Melissa Phillips , 04/10/08, Science News
07. Extinct Humans Left Louse Legacy , BBC News
The evolutionary history of head lice is tied very closely to that of their
Some head lice infesting people today were probably spread to us thousands of
years ago by an extinct species of early human, a genetics study reveals.
It shows that when our ancestors left Africa after 100,000 years ago, they made
direct contact with tribes of "archaic" peoples, probably in Asia.
One explanation is that the human population was reduced in size before it
expanded again after 100,000 years ago, as small bands of hunters left Africa.
As human populations mushroomed, so did those of head lice that lived on them.
* Extinct Humans Left Louse Legacy, Paul Rincon , 04/10/06, BBC News Online
07.01. Lice Tell Mankind's Story , The Scientist
Excerpt: Modern humans-Homo sapiens-are generally thought to have passed
through a tight population genetic "bottleneck" somewhere between 10,000 and
20,000 years ago. Parasites such as lice tend to be highly species specific, so
by unravelling their evolutionary history it's possible to see past the
bottleneck, according to the Florida Museum of Natural History's David Reed,
lead author of the paper.
"The addition of parasite data to studies of primate and human evolutionary
history is similar to having multiple camera angles recording an event," (...).
* Lice Tell Mankind's Story, Nick Atkinson , 04/10/05, The Scientist
07.02. Tale of Human Origins, Told by Lice , Science News
Evolutionary partner. Lice evolving in parallel to their human hosts provide
clues on human origins.
Credit: Vincent S. Smith/University Of Glasgow
(...) compared mitochondrial DNA from lice, primarily Pediculus humanus, to
published data on human evolution. The data reveal that two genetically
distinct lineages of P. humanus appeared about 1.18 million years ago, (...).
Clayton argues that the two subgroups must have diverged when two human
lines--perhaps Asian H. erectus and the African ancestors of H. sapiens--went
their separate ways, which anthropologist believe happened at about the same
time. (...) implies that their human hosts were also isolated--contrary to the
* Tale of Human Origins, Told by Lice, Elizabeth Pennisi , 04/10/05, Science
08. Protein Breakdown Wins Chemistry Nobel , Science Now
Excerpt: The experiments showed that proteins destined for destruction were
covalently bonded--a process that requires energy--to a small protein they
called APF-1. That protein later turned out to be ubiquitin, (...).
The three went on to show that three additional proteins work with ubiquitin to
tag the proper proteins for disassembly. They and others subsequently showed
that ubiquitin then delivers the doomed proteins to the proteasome, a large
complex that breaks down the chemical bonds holding proteins together and
releases the amino acid building blocks for reuse.
* Protein Breakdown Wins Chemistry Nobel, Gretchen Vogel , 04/10/06, Science
08.01. Freeing Up the Strong Force , Science Now
Excerpt: The three new laureates, (...), discovered a property of the strong
force--the force that glues quarks to each other--known as "asymptotic
freedom." Not only did the idea explain some baffling experimental results in
particle colliders, it also showed how to keep the equations that describe the
strong force from blowing up--producing meaningless infinities in certain
(...) as you approach the electron, the measured charge increases without
bound. Researchers have developed mathematical tools to keep their theories
from being derailed by this type of infinity.
* Freeing Up the Strong Force, CHARLES SEIFE , 04/10/05, Science News
09. How To Build The Universe , Nature News
Tiling together tiny triangles of space-time gave rise to a universe that looks
just like our own.
Is causality an inherent and necessary characteristic of the Universe, or just
an illusion produced by the way our brains interpret the world?
It's real, say physicists, who believe they have worked out how the Universe is
constructed from the tiniest building-blocks of space-time. The finding could
also help the development of a theory of quantum gravity, (...).
(...) assume that each tiny piece of the foam is a kind of four-dimensional
triangle, with three dimensions of space and one corresponding to time.
* How To Build The Universe, Philip Ball , 04/10/08, Nature News
09.01. Emergence of a 4D World from Causal Quantum Gravity , Phys. Rev. Lett.
Abstract: Causal Dynamical Triangulations in four dimensions provide a
background-independent definition of the sum over geometries in nonperturbative
quantum gravity, with a positive cosmological constant. We present evidence
that a macroscopic four-dimensional world emerges from this theory dynamically.
* Emergence of a 4D World from Causal Quantum Gravity, J. Ambjørn , J.
Jurkiewicz , R. Loll , 04/09/21, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.131301, Phys.
Rev. Lett. 93, 131301
09.02. How Much Of The Cosmological Timescale Do We Control And Use? , Nature
Excerpt: In logarithmic terms, we, with a lifetime of around 70 years (roughly
2 109 s), exist on a scale that has more in common with the age of the Universe
than with Planck time. We have learned how to keep track of time ?we could
even regard ourselves as 'Homo temporal' ?but how much of it is controlled and
used by us? Although the 'long' end of this scale is still only of academic
interest, the 'short' end is becoming a hot and bustling frontier of science
* How Much Of The Cosmological Timescale Do We Control And Use?, Alexander E.
Kaplan , 04/10/07, DOI: 10.1038/431633a, Nature 431, 633
10. Study Shows Superior Sound-location Skills In The Blind , ScienceDaily
Excerpts: A research team (...) has shown that both early- and late-onset blind
people have better sound discrimination abilities than people with normal
vision. Reported in the latest edition of the journal Current Biology, the
study demonstrates for the first time that blind people from both groups
perform equally well in tests requiring them to map auditory space beyond their
peri-personal environment. (...) "Humans are remarkably adaptable. (...) Of
course, hearing is far more important to blind people so it's possible that
they spend proportionately more time developing this sense. It's also possible
that their superior performance reflects cross-modal cortical reorganization."
* University Of Montreal Study Shows Superior Sound-location Skills In The
Blind, 2004/10/08, ScienceDaily & University Of Montreal
* Contributed by Atin Das
11. Social Sciences Are Branches Of Biology , Socio-Econ. Rev.
Excerpts: Since biology is the study of living organisms, their behaviour and
social systems, and since humans are living organisms, it is possible to
suggest that social sciences (the study of human behaviour and social systems)
are branches of biology (...). Evolutionary psychology's recognition that
humans are animals can explain some otherwise perplexing empirical puzzles in
social sciences, such as why there is a wage penalty for motherhood but a wage
reward for fatherhood (...). The General Social Survey data illustrate the
evolutionary psychological argument that reproductive success is important for
both men's and women's happiness, but money is only important for men's.
* Social Sciences Are Branches Of Biology, S. Kanazawa firstname.lastname@example.org ,
Sep. 2004, DOI: 10.1093/soceco/2.3.371, Socio-Economic Review
* Contributed by Pritha Das
11.01. Biodiversity: The Sixth Great Wave , BBC News
Excerpts: All the creatures we share the Earth with are important in some way,
however unprepossessing or insignificant they may appear. They and we are all
part of the web of life. (...)
Many scientists believe this is the sixth great wave - the sixth mass
extinction to affect life on Earth.
* Biodiversity: The Sixth Great Wave, Alex Kirby , 2004/10/01, BBC News
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson
11.02. Organic Farming Boosts Biodiversity , NewScientist
Excerpt: Organic farming increases biodiversity at every level of the food
chain ?all the way from lowly bacteria to mammals. This is the conclusion of
the largest review ever done of studies from around the world comparing organic
and conventional agriculture.
Previous studies have shown that organic farming methods can benefit the
wildlife around farms. But "the fact that the message is similar all the way up
the food chain is new information? (...).
(...) measured biodiversity in groups of organisms ranging from bacteria and
plants to earthworms, beetles, mammals and birds.
* Organic Farming Boosts Biodiversity, James Randerson , 04/10/04, New
11.03. Spray Now or Pay Later , NY Times
Excerpt: In scenes reminiscent of a biblical plague, desert locusts are
sweeping across West Africa in swarms the size of Chicago. Moving up to 100
miles a day, swarms of several billion locusts are devouring crops and pastures
in some of the poorest areas on earth. Unless immediate action is taken to stop
what is now the worst locust plague of the last decade, up to 25 percent of
crops in West Africa could be lost, and the livelihoods of 150 million people
put at risk by year's end.
* Spray Now or Pay Later, Jan Egeland , 04/10/06, NYTimes
12. Tyrannosaurs Evolved Head First , Science Now
Early model. The most primitive tyrannosauroid ever found was decked out with
downy "protofeathers" and a T. rex-like skull.
Credit: X. Xu Et Al., Nature 431, 680 (2004)
Paleontologists have found about a dozen species of tyrannosaurs. Most lived
late in the Cretaceous Period, which ended 65 million years ago. Isolated bones
have been found from older and more primitive tyrannosaurs, but not all have
been accepted as ancestors. The new specimens come from western Liaoning
Province in China (...). The skull has many familiar attributes, including
bones shaped like those that apparently helped later tyrannosaurs launch swift,
bone-jarring ambushes. The team dubbed the new creature Dilong paradoxus, for
"surprising emperor dragon."
* Tyrannosaurs Evolved Head First, Erik Stokstad , 04/10/06, Science News
12.01. 'New' Giant Ape Found In DR Congo , Science New
Excerpt: The animals, with characteristics of both gorillas and chimpanzees,
have been sighted in the north of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
According to local villagers, the apes are ferocious, and even capable of
There are three controversial possibilities to explain the origin of the
They are a new species of ape
They are giant chimpanzees, much larger than any so far recorded, but behave
They could be hybrids, the product of gorillas mating with chimpanzees.
* 'New' Giant Ape Found In DR Congo, 04/10/10, BBC News
12.02. What's in a Chimp's Toolbox? , Science Now
Right tool for the job. Hidden cameras have revealed that wild chimps select
tools that suit the task.
Credit: Goualougo Chimpanzee Project
(...) "some of the most complex tool kits and techniques that have been
observed in wild chimpanzees." The chimpanzees regularly visit two kinds of
termite nests and use two different sets of tools to extract their prey. For
mounds, the chimps first punch into the nest with a small, short stick. Then
they switch to a "fishing probe" that the termites crawl onto. For underground
nests, the chimps use a longer "puncturing stick" to get to the nest and follow
up with their probes. (...).
* What's in a Chimp's Toolbox?, Constance Holden , 04/10/07, Science News
12.03. The Scaling of Animal Space Use , Science
Excerpt: Space used by animals increases with increasing body size. Energy
requirements alone can explain how population density decreases, but not the
steep rate at which home range area increases. We present a general mechanistic
model that predicts the frequency of interaction, spatial overlap, and loss of
resources to neighbors. Extensive empirical evidence supports the model,
demonstrating that spatial constraints on defense cause exclusivity of home
range use to decrease with increasing body size. In large mammals, over 90% of
available resources may be lost to neighbors. Our model offers a general
framework to understand animal space use and sociality.
* The Scaling of Animal Space Use , Walter Jetz , Chris Carbone , Jenny Fulford
, James H. Brown
, 04/10/08, Science : 266-268
12.04. Keeping an Eye on the Neighbors , Science
Excerpt: What determines the size of the home ranges of mammals of different
sizes? In his Perspective, Buskirk discusses a recent analysis (Jetz et al.)
that reveals how frequency of interactions with same-species neighbors
influences the size of home ranges. It turns out that large mammals have larger
than predicted home ranges because they are unable to traverse their home
ranges often enough to exclude intrusive neighbors that seek a share of their
* Keeping an Eye on the Neighbors , Steven Buskirk
, 04/10/08, Science : 238-239
13. Human and Computer Learning: An Experimental Study , arXiv
Abstract: Simple memorizing tasks have been chosen such as a binary code on a
matrix. After the establishment of an appropriate protocol, the codified
matrices were individually presented to 150 university students who had to
memorize them. A computer simulation for a similar task is available which uses
a perceptron on which an algorithm was implemented allowing for some degree of
globality (technically referred to as entropic nonextensivity within a current
generalization of the usual, Boltzmann-Gibbs, statistical mechanics). Our main
observation is that, for the very specific learning task on which we focus
here, humans perform similarly to slightly nonextensive perceptrons.
* Human and Computer Learning: An Experimental Study, Alexandra C. Tsallis ,
Constantino Tsallis , Aglae C.N. de Magalhaes , Francisco A. Tamarit ,
2004/10/04, DOI: q-bio.NC/0410005, arXiv
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson
13.01. Researchers Manipulate Recognition Mechanism to Detect Small Molecules ,
Georgia Tech News Release
Georgia Tech graduate student Lauren Schwimmer examines yeast colonies growing
on a petri plate.
Georgia Tech Photo: Gary Meek
Researchers have learned how to commandeer the complex machinery that cells use
to recognize and respond to such important molecules as steroid hormones,
thyroid hormones and vitamin D.
The development could provide a foundation for a new family of
biologically-based mechanisms able to detect common drugs, chemical weapons and
other small molecules. By allowing manipulation of this cellular protein
machinery ?known as nuclear receptors ?the technique could also lead to new
methods for producing enzymes and important pharmaceutical compounds.
* Researchers Manipulate Recognition Mechanism to Detect Small Molecules,
04/10/04, Georgia Tech News Release
14. Visionaries Outline Web's Future , BBC News
Excerpt: Universal access to all human knowledge could be had for around $260m,
a conference about the web's future has been told.
The idea of access for all was put forward by visionary Brewster Kahle, who
suggested starting by digitally scanning all 26 million books in the US Library
of Congress. (...)
Experts at the event said the next generation of the web will come out of the
creative and programming communities starting to tinker with the vast pool of
data the net has become.
* Visionaries Outline Web's Future, 04/10/08, BBC News
14.01. Dynamical Networks for Information Processing , Information Sciences
Abstract: Coupled evolution of state and topology of dynamical networks is
introduced. Due to a well organized tensor structure, the governing equations
are presented in a canonical form, and required attractors as well as their
basins can be easily placed and controlled. This new class of dynamical
networks can represent phenomenological models for self-organization in physics
and biology. Applications of these networks to pattern recognition, associative
memory, synthesis of models based upon observation data, detection of
abnormalities and data compression are discussed. The difference between the
proposed dynamical networks and neural networks is emphasized.
* Dynamical Networks for Information Processing, Michail Zak , 2004/10/19, DOI:
10.1016/j.ins.2003.08.019, Information Sciences 165(3-4):149-169
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson
15. The Active Site in Nanoparticle Gold Catalysis , Science
Excerpt: Most pollution from U.S. automobiles is emitted in the first 5 min
after startup. This is because Pt- or Pd-based catalysts currently used in
automobile exhaust cleanup are inactive below about 200ºC. (...) Gold
nanoparticles (...) have been shown to be amazingly active and selective as
catalysts (...). There is intense interest in these catalysts for carbon
monoxide oxidation, because they are active at room temperature. Interestingly,
the low-temperature gold catalysts are totally inactive unless the gold is in
the form of particles smaller than ~8 nm in diameter.
* The Active Site in Nanoparticle Gold Catalysis , Charles T. Campbell
, 04/10/08, Science : 234-235
16. Pit Stop on the Cocaine Highway , Washington Post
Excerpts: Guatemala Becomes Favored Link for U.S.-Bound Drugs
He said that if Guatemalan anti-drug police happen to spot a drug plane now,
they have to ask the army for a helicopter to chase it. There is only one army
helicopter available to the police, (...).
Florido said it has been nearly impossible to catch the traffickers, who unload
their cocaine in minutes and then burn or abandon their planes. He said
traffickers with sophisticated boats also usually outrun Guatemalan naval
forces, which have limited navigation and communications equipment.
* Pit Stop on the Cocaine Highway , Mary Jordan , 04/10/06, Washington Post
17. Ignorance Isn't Strength , NY Times
Excerpt: President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney have an unparalleled
ability to insulate themselves from inconvenient facts. They lead a party that
controls all three branches of government, and face news media that in some
cases are partisan supporters, and in other cases are reluctant to state
plainly that officials aren't telling the truth. They also still enjoy the
residue of the faith placed in them after 9/11.
This has allowed them to engage in what Orwell called "reality control."
* Ignorance Isn't Strength, Paul Krugman , 04/10/08, NYTimes
17.01. Campaign Security Screening Crowds for Doubters , NPR ME
Excerpt: Some would-be attendees at President Bush's campaign events say
they're being asked to leave for wearing clothes or stickers that support the
president's opponent. At Sen. Kerry's rallies, the presidential hopeful
ruefully acknowledges the presence of the opposition. NPR's Nina Totenberg
examines the rights of campaign event planners and attendees.
* Campaign Security Screening Crowds for Doubters , 04/10/08, NPR ME
17.02. Bush's Isolation From Reporters Could Be a Hindrance , Washington Post
Excerpt: "If you don't talk to the press and deal with audiences with some
degree of skepticism, you can't build understanding so people have confidence
in you in hard times," Fields said. "His handlers think they're doing him a
favor, but they're not." (...).
The tradition of the White House news corps shouting questions at the president
has largely faded during this term because Bush reacts testily and does not
answer, and his staff typically sets up events so he does not have to walk near
* Bush's Isolation From Reporters Could Be a Hindrance , Mike Allen ,
04/10/08, Washington Post
18. The Battle of the Pump , NY Times
Excerpts: If we had imposed a new gasoline tax after 9/11, demand would have
been dampened and gas today would probably still be $2 a gallon. But instead of
the extra dollar going to Saudi Arabia - where it ends up with mullahs who
build madrasas that preach intolerance - that dollar would have gone to our own
Treasury to pay down our own deficit and finance our own schools. In fact, the
Bush energy policy should be called No Mullah Left Behind.
Editor's Note: Problems related to oil supplies seem to emerge as a global
pattern of conflict.
The impact of a focus on hydrogen technology in combination with a lack of
support of energy conservation measures also appears to contribute to this
* The Battle of the Pump, Thomas L. Friedman , 04/10/07, NYTimes
18.01. Nigeria Fuel Price Strike Starts , BBC News
Excerpt: Many Nigerian shops and offices are closed at the start of a four-day
general strike over fuel price rises in Africa's largest oil producer.
The strike call has been followed in the main cities of Abuja and Lagos but oil
production has not been affected.
The strike is one reason why world oil prices have reached a new record high.
On Monday morning, prices of Brent crude oil passed the $50 a barrel mark for
the first time.
* Nigeria Fuel Price Strike Starts, 04/10/11, BBC News
18.02. Venezuela Raises Oil Drilling Tax , BBC News
Excerpt: Venezuela has announced that it is increasing the royalties paid by
foreign oil companies from 1% to 16.6%.
President Hugo Chavez said it marked the second and true phase of the
nationalisation of the country's oil. (...)
The surprise measure will affect all foreign companies offering joint ventures
in Venezuela's Orinoco heavy crude belt.
During his address on Sunday, Mr Chavez said: "We are no longer going to give
our oil away for reasons that no longer exist, if they ever did."
* Venezuela Raises Oil Drilling Tax, 04/10/11, BBC News
18.03. Hydrogen Economy Looks Out Of Reach , Nature News
Excerpt: US vehicles would require a million wind turbines, economists claim.
"Today, hydrogen is not a clean, green fuel," says Oswald's brother Jim, an
energy consultant who assisted with the calculation. "You've got to ask: where
did the hydrogen come from?"
The only technology that can currently make large amounts of hydrogen without
using fossil fuels relies on renewable power sources or nuclear energy, the
Oswalds argue. Hydrogen will only mitigate global warming when a clean source
of the gas becomes available, they say.
* Hydrogen Economy Looks Out Of Reach, Mark Peplow , 04/10/07, Nature News
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terroist Networks
19.01. Mathematicians Offer Help in Terror Fight , China Daily/AP
Excerpt: A small group of thinking men and women convened at Rutgers University
last month to consider how order theory ?a branch of abstract mathematics that
deals with hierarchical relationships ?could be applied to the war on
Theoretically, Farley said, abstract math could help intelligence officers
figure out the most efficient way to disable a terrorist network.
Say it's cheaper or more practical to go after a terrorist cell's "middle
management" rather than its leadership. How many of those lieutenants would you
have to remove in order to disrupt communication (...).
* Mathematicians Offer Help in Terror Fight, 04/10/11, China Daily/AP
19.02. A Web Wise Terror Network , BBC
Excerpt: Communications have always been an essential part of al-Qaeda's
strategy, but the internet and email have become even more important in recent
They have provided the terror network with new possibilities - but, as the Khan
case illustrates, fresh vulnerabilities too.(...)
"The al-Qaeda ideology can be very well served on the internet. It is able to
purport its agenda, goals and ideology probably better on the internet than any
(...) the organisation has been forced to evolve and become more decentralised
* A Web Wise Terror Network, Gordon Corera , 04/10/06, BBC
19.03. After Convictions, the Undoing of a U.S. Terror Prosecution , NY Times
Excerpt: Publicly, federal prosecutors declared in the summer of 2002 that they
had thwarted a "sleeper operational combat cell" based in a dilapidated
Privately, senior Justice Department officials had doubts about the strength of
the case even as they were moving to indict four Middle Eastern immigrants on
terrorism charges. The evidence was "somewhat weak," an internal Justice
Department memorandum obtained by The New York Times acknowledged. (...) But
charging the men with terrorism, the memorandum said, might pressure them to
give up information.
* After Convictions, the Undoing of a U.S. Terror Prosecution, Danny Hakim ,
Eric Lichtblau , 04/10/07, NYTimes
19.04. A New C.I.A. Report Casts Doubt on a Key Terrorist's Tie to Iraq , NY
Excerpt: The new C.I.A. assessment, based largely on information gathered after
the American-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003, is the latest to revise a
prewar intelligence report used by the administration as a central rationale
Other reports have cast doubt on the idea that Iraq provided chemical and
biological weapons training to Al Qaeda, and the report of the Sept. 11
commission found no "collaborative relationship" between the former Iraqi
government and Al Qaeda.
* A New C.I.A. Report Casts Doubt on a Key Terrorist's Tie to Iraq, Douglas
Jehl , 04/10/06, NYTimes
19.05. Most at Guantanamo to Be Freed or Sent Home, Officer Says , Washington
Excerpt: Most of the alleged al Qaeda and Taliban inmates at the U.S. military
prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, are likely to be freed or sent to their home
countries for further investigation because many pose little threat and are not
providing much valuable intelligence, the facility's deputy commander has said.
The remarks (...) appeared to conflict with past comments by U.S. military
commanders who have stressed the value of the information obtained from the
detainees and the danger many would pose if released.
* Most at Guantanamo to Be Freed or Sent Home, Officer Says, John Mintz ,
04/10/04, Washington Post
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
- Self-Organized Criticality, Optimization and Biodiversity, Roberto N. Onody ,
Paulo A. de Castro , 2004/10/06, arXiv, DOI: q-bio.PE/0410007
- Particle Lab Celebrates 50 Years, 2004/09/29, BBC News
- Bifurcation Analysis Of A Class Of 'Car Following' Traffic Models, I. Gasser
email@example.com , G. Sirito firstname.lastname@example.org , B.
Werner email@example.com , 2004/10/15, online 2004/09/11, Physica D:
Nonlinear Phenomena, DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.07.008
- Comparison Of Systems With Complex Behavior, I. Mezi
firstname.lastname@example.org , A. Banaszuk , 2004/10/01, online 2004/08/17,
Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.06.015
- Negative Externalities, Defensive Expenditures And Labour Supply In An
Evolutionary Context, A. Antoci email@example.com , S. Bartolini
firstname.lastname@example.org , Oct. 2004, online 2004/10/07, Environment and
Development Economics, DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X04001524
- Mathematical Analysis Of Some Multi-Dimensional Tissue-Growth Models, J. R.
King , S. J. Franks email@example.com , Jun. 2004, online
2004/09/01, European Journal of Applied Mathematics, DOI:
- The Growth Of IQ Among Estonian Schoolchildren From Ages 7 To 19, H. Pullmann
, J. Allik , R. Lynn , Nov. 2004, Journal of Biosocial Science, DOI:
- Parental Perceptions Of Costs And Benefits Of Children As Correlates Of
Fertility In Kuwait, N. M. Shah , C. A. Nathanson , Nov. 2004, Journal of
Biosocial Science, DOI: 10.1017/S0021932004006297
- Beached Whales: Examining Japan's Rejection Of An International Norm, K.
Hirata firstname.lastname@example.org , Oct. 2004, online 2004/08/27, Social Science Japan
Journal, DOI: 10.1093/ssjj/jyh025
- Plug 'n Play In Home Networks, T. Miyatake , K. Katayama , Y. Takeda , A.
Nakashima , A. Sugita , M. Mizumoto , 2004/10/04, Alphagalileo
- An Embryonic Stem Cell Model For Parkinson's Disease, 2004/10/05,
Sciencedaily & Public Library Of Science
- Talented Sniffer: A Receptor Known For Guiding Sperm To Egg Plays A Role In
The Nose, 2004/10/05, ScienceDaily & Cell Press
- Warm Weather Boosts Mood, Broadens The Mind, 2004/10/07, ScienceDaily &
University Of Michigan
- New Research Sheds Light On Basics Of How Neurons Communicate, 2004/10/07,
ScienceDaily & Saint Louis University
- Absence Of Chaos And 1/f Spectra, But Evidence Of Tar Nonlinearities, In The
Canadian Exchange Rate, A. Serletis Serletis@ucalgary.ca , A. Shahmoradi , Sep.
2004, Macroeconomic Dynamics, DOI: 10.1017/S1365100504030160
- Social Networks And Country-To-Country Transfer: Dense And Weak Ties In The
Diffusion Of Knowledge, M.-L. Djelic email@example.com , Sep. 2004,
Socio-Economic Review, DOI: 10.1093/soceco/2.3.341
- Pattern Formation And Nuclear Divisions Are Uncoupled In Drosophila
Segmentation: Comparison Of Spatially Discrete And Continuous Models, V. V.
Gurskya firstname.lastname@example.org , J. Jaegerb email@example.com, K. N. Kozlovc
firstname.lastname@example.org , J. Reinitzb email@example.com , A. M. Samsonova
firstname.lastname@example.org , 2004/10/15, online 2004/09/08, Physica D: Nonlinear
Phenomena, DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.07.003
- Transforming From A Researcher Into A Leader In High-Tech Industries, C.-Y.
Chianglin email@example.com , J.-S. Chen firstname.lastname@example.org , P. L. Yu
email@example.com , Sep. 2004, International Journal of Information
Technology & Decision Making, DOI: 10.1142/S0219622004001203
- Examining Missile Defense , 04/10/04, NPR TOTN,
Missiles being installed in Alaska will become part of a new defense system.
The idea is to knock incoming missiles out of the sky. But will the system work
as advertised? We talk with our guests about the past, present, and future of
- New Theory from University of Leicester Scientists Underpins Drug Development
and Food Processing, 04/10/05, U. Leicester PRess Release,
Textbook explanation of how enzymes work is wrong - at least for some enzymes.
- T. Rex Descended From Feathered Ancestor, Jeff Hecht , 04/10/04, New
- Science Of Cell Protein Destruction Wins Nobel, Katharine Davis , 04/10/04,
New Scientist, Revealing the workings of the "kiss of death" protein has earned
three scientists the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2004
- Trees for Peace, Gretchen Vogel , David Malakoff , 04/10/08, Science News.
Kenya's Maathai wins Nobel Peace Prize for reforestation work
- A Slanted View of the Early Universe, 04/10/07,
Eye on the sky. The Cosmic Background Imager has captured the most detailed
images yet (inset) of the polarization of the cosmic microwave background.
Credit: Science; (Inset) Readhead Et Al., Sciencexpress, 7 October 2004
Science News, Astronomers get their best look yet at the polarization of the
- Materials Physics: Doping Control For Nanotubes, Reshef Tenne , 04/10/07,
Nature 431, 640 - 641, DOI: 10.1038/431640a
- Cell Biology: Light On Pits, Elizabeth Smythe , 04/10/07, Nature 431, 641 -
642, DOI: 10.1038/431641a
- Surface Mechanics Mediate Pattern Formation In The Developing Retina, Takashi
Hayashi , Richard W. Carthew , 04/10/07, Nature 431, 647 - 652, DOI:
- Role For A Cortical Input To Hippocampal Area CA1 In The Consolidation Of A
Long-Term Memory, Miguel Remondes , Erin M. Schum , 04/10/07, Nature 431, 699
- 703, DOI: 10.1038/nature02965
- Accelerated Sea-Level Rise from West Antarctica, R. Thomas , E. Rignot , G.
Casassa , P. Kanagaratnam , C. Acuña , T. Akins , H. Brecher , E. Frederick ,
P. Gogineni , W. Krabill , S. Manizade , H. Ramamoorthy , A. Rivera , R.
Russell , J. Sonntag , R. Swift , J. Yungel , J. Zwally
, 04/10/08, Science : 255-258. Published online 23 September 2004, DOI:
- Estimation of Fault Strength: Reconstruction of Stress Before the 1995 Kobe
Earthquake, Futoshi Yamashita , Eiichi Fukuyama , Kentaro Omura
, 04/1008, Science : 261-263
- Morphological Disparity of Ammonoids and the Mark of Permian Mass
Extinctions, Loïc Villier , Dieter Korn
, 04/10/08, Science : 264-266
- A Glycine-Dependent Riboswitch That Uses Cooperative Binding to Control Gene
Expression , Maumita Mandal , Mark Lee , Jeffrey E. Barrick , Zasha Weinberg ,
Gail Mitchell Emilsson , Walter L. Ruzzo , Ronald R. Breaker
, 04/10/08, Science : 275-279
- RNAs Turn On in Tandem , Michael Famulok
, 04/10/08, Science : 233-234
- The Maser at 50, Ronald L. Walsworth
, 04/10/08, Science : 236-237
- Astronomers Eager for a Swift New Vision of the Universe, Robert Irion
, 04/10/08, Science : 214-215
20.02. Webcast Announcements
ALife 9: Ninth International Conference on Artificial Life, Boston, MA,
The 4th Intl Workshop on Meta-synthesis and Complex System, Beijing, China,
Intl Conf on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and Processes, Kolkata,
From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela
(1946-2001), Paris, France, 2004/06/18-20
ECC8 Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
Evolutionary Epistemology, Language, and Culture, Brussels, Belgium,
International Conference on Complex Systems 2004, Boston, 04/05/16-21
Life, a Nobel Story, Brussels, Belgium, 04/04/28
Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Mechanics Days, Brussels, Belgium,
Science Education Forum for Chinese Language Culture, Panel Discussion, Taipei,
Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology, ,
Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos: Lab Demonstrations, Strogatz, Steven H.,
Internet-First University Press, 1994
World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland Riding the Next Democratic
Wave, Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic
The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan,
Martin, Schwab, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25 Why Victory Against Terrorism
Demands Shared Values
CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And
Intelligent Systems, 2004 Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10 EVOLVABILITY &
INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of Communication, Signaling, and
Perception in the Dynamics of Social Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10 The
Semantic Web and Language Technology - Its Po tential and Practicalities,
Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08 ECAL 2003, 7th European Conference on
Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany, 03/09/14-17 New Santa Fe Institute
President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role, (Video, Santa Fe, NM,
03/06/04) SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM,
2003/06/01-04 NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio
Report, 03/05/11 13th Ann Intl Conf, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life
Sciences, Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10 CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos
of Archived Lectures and Live Events Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video
Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998 Edge Videos
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15
Intl Workshop On Bifurcations In Nonsmooth And Hybrid Dynamical Systems ,
Milano (Italy), 04/10/21-22
Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
Social and Organizational Innovation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 04/10/25-27
6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape, Delft, The Netherlands,
Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference , Rio de Janeiro,
ICDM '04: The Fourth IEEE Intl Conf on Data Mining, Brighton, UK, 04/11/01-04
International Congress of Nanotechnology and Nano World Expo,San Francisco, CA,
Denaturing Darwin: International Conference on Evolution and Organization
, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 04/11/12-14
An Introduction to Complexity Science, Rockville,?MD USA, 04/12/06
Improving Health of the Chronically Ill: Insights from Complexity Science,
Rockville,?MD USA, 04/12/07-08
The 7th Asia-Pacific Complex Systems Conference, Queensland, Australia,
17th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Queensland,
Cellular Computing Symposium, U Warwick
International Conference On Computational Intelligence (Icci 2004) ,
Istanbul, Turkey, 04/12/15-17
Kondratieff Waves, Warfare And World Security, NATO Advanced Research
, Covilh? Portugal, 05/02/14-17
5th Creativity And Cognition Conference, London.UK, 05/04/12-15
Social Intelligence and Interaction in Animals, Robots and Agents, Hatfield,
IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium
Pasadena, California, USA, 05/06/08-10
Powders & Grains 2005, Stuttgart, Germany, 05/06/18-22
Workshop on Complexity and Policy Analysis, Cork, Ireland, 05/06/22-24
ECAL 2005 - VIIIth European Conference on Artificial Life, Canterbury, Kent,
Complexity, Science and Society Conf 2005, Liverpool, UK, 05/09/11-14
18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2005), Salamanca,
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