ժ NO2004.27


Complexity Digest 2004.27

Archive: http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror: http://www.comdig.de Asian
Mirror: http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code) "I think
the next century will be the century of complexity." Stephen Hawking

_________________________________________________________________


Content:

01. International Conference on Complex Networks, Conference Videos
02. The Perils of the Imitation Age, Harvard Business Review
02.01. Strategic Investment In Reputation, Behav. Ecol. & Sociobiol.
02.02. The Power of Impossible Thinking, Knowledge@Wharton
03. D.I.Y. Meets N.R.L. (No Record Label), NY Times
03.01. 'Magic Ink' That Makes Metal Grow, BBC News Online
04. Neuroscience: Change Of Mind, Nature
04.01. Concepts - A Model For Madness?, Nature
04.02. Anesthetics Are Slowly Giving Up The Secrets Of How They Work, Science
News
05. Circadian Rhythms: As Time Glows By In Bacteria, Nature
06. Neurobiology: Sleep On It, Nature
06.01. Local Sleep And Learning, Nature
07. Fooling The Brain Into Thinking It Sees Both Hands Moving Enhances Bimanual
Spatial Coupling, Exp. Brain Res.
07.01. That's Not My Hand! How The Brain Can Be Fooled Into Feeling A Fake
Limb, Alphagalileo
08. Natural Selection At Work In Genetic Variation To Taste, ScienceDaily
08.01. Skull Fuels Homo Erectus Debate, BBC News Online
08.02. Getting To Know Homo Erectus, Science
08.03. Neocortex Size Predicts Deception Rate In Primates, Alphagalileo & Proc.
B
09. Evolutionary Genomics: Seeing Double, Nature
09.01. Epigenetics: Genome, Meet Your Environment, The Scientist
10. Performance-Enhancing Drug for Sperm, Science Now
10.01. More Data But No Answers on Powers of Adult Stem Cells, Science
11. 80 Years of Watching the Evolutionary Scenery, Science
12. Close to Home, Ants Get Angry, Science Now
12.01. Path Integration in Desert Ants Controls Aggressiveness, Science
12.02. Talking Through the Ground, Science Now
12.03. Duet Singing And Repertoire Use In Threat Signalling Of Individuals And
Pairs, Alphagalileo & Biol. Lett.
13. High Complexity Food Webs In Low-Diversity Eastern Pacific Reef-Coral
Communities, Ecosystems
13.01. Habitat Complexity Reduces The Growth Of Aggressive And Dominant Brown
Trout, Behav. Ecol. & Sociobiol.
14. Urban Wind Power: Breezing Into Town, Nature
14.01. Aviation Growth 'Risk To Planet', BBC News
14.02. Rice Yields May Suffer as Earth Warms, Science Now
15. Infinite Beauty, Book Review, Nature
16. China To Censor Text Messages, BBC News
17. The Complexity of Agreement, arXiv
18. In the Wake of a Mess, Fort Worth Star-Telegram
18.01. Hussein, in Jail, Reportedly Said Little of Value, NY Times
19. Complex Challenges: Terrorist Networks
19.01. The Nation: Fear Factor; In an Age of Terror, Safety Is Relative, NY
Times
19.02. Cheney, Bush Tout Gains in Terror War, Washington Post
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements

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01. International Conference on Complex Networks , Conference Videos

Excerpts:

Model
Of Traffic Flow On Regular And Disordered Networks - R. Stinchcombe
[asf: 4.65 MB]


Shortest
Paths And Optimal Paths In Complex Networks- S. Havlin [asf:
3.11
MB]


Network Hierarchy
And Hyperbolic Embedding- T. Aste [asf: 3.17
MB]


On The Rise
And Fall Of A Networked Society - M. Marsili [asf:
5.70
MB]


Avalanche
Dynamics In Complex Network - B. Kahng [asf: 1.69
MB]


Highway
Networks And Traffic Forecasting- A. Schadschneider[asf:
3.19
MB]


Emergence
Of Power Law In Dynamical Thresholding Network Models- N. Masuda
[asf:
5.48
MB]


Are
Complex Network Unstable? - S. Sinha [asf: 3.18
MB]


Structure
And Modelling Of Weighted Complex Network - M. Barthelemy[asf:
3.71
MB]


Emergence,
Evolution And Collapse OF Complex Organization - S. Jain
[asf:
4.84
MB]


* International Conference on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and
Processes (Statphys - Kolkata V), Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India  ,
04/06/27-30


_________________________________________________________________

02. The Perils of the Imitation Age , Harvard Business Review

Excerpts: Imitation exerts enormous influence over society--and business and
finance in particular. (...) More significantly, we can and do act upon such
knowledge. The resulting fads and fashions, bubbles, and crashes are ever more
frequent, severe, and complex. The information age has cast up more than its
share of paradoxes, including this one: When information is plentiful, we often
use it not to make better decisions but to imitate others--and their
mistakes.(...)
When there's too much information, imitation becomes a convenient heuristic.
This is the basis for a self-referential society.

* The Perils of the Imitation Age, Eric Bonabeau  , 04/06/01, Harvard Business
Review. Contributid by Irene Sanders


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02.01. Strategic Investment In Reputation , Behav. Ecol. & Sociobiol.

Excerpts: Although collective efforts are common in both animal and human
societies, many human and probably animal social dilemmas have no obvious
cooperative solution, which is a challenge for evolutionary biologists. In
public goods games, i.e. the experimental paradigm for studying the
sustainability of a public resource with human subjects, initial cooperation
usually declines quickly.(...) Here we show experimentally that humans use
different strategies in the public goods game conditional on whether the player
knows that his decisions will be either known or unknown in another social
game. (...) However, cooperation declines immediately when individual
identities switch from being recognizable (...).

* Strategic Investment In Reputation, D. Semmann semmann@mpil-ploen.mpg.de ,
H.-J. Krambeck , M. Milinski , Jul. 2004, Online 2004/04/02, DOI:
10.1007/s00265-004-0782-9, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
* Contributed by Pritha Das


_________________________________________________________________

02.02. The Power of Impossible Thinking , Knowledge@Wharton

Excerpts: Impossible thinking. It is what put men on the moon, allowed
Starbucks to turn a commodity product into a powerful global business and
permitted Roger Bannister to run the four-minute mile. While not every
mpossible thought?can become a reality, very often the greatest obstacle to
transforming our organizations, society and personal lives is our own thinking.
This may seem to be a simple idea in theory ?(...)?but it has far-reaching
implications for how we approach life and decision making.

* The Power of Impossible Thinking, 04/06/30, Knowledge@Wharton


_________________________________________________________________

03. D.I.Y. Meets N.R.L. (No Record Label) , NY Times

Excerpts: In the last decade, Maria Schneider, (...) has made three albums on
the Enja record label. Each sold about 20,000 copies ?very good numbers for
jazz. She didn't make a dime off any of them. (...)

Rather than go through labels, distributors and retailers, ArtistShare sells
discs over the Web and turns over all the proceeds (minus a small fee) to the
artist. (...)

If it sells one-quarter as many copies as any of her previous discs, she will
do better than break even.
Editor's Note: One might wonder how much longer they will bother pressing
little plastic disks to sell the music.

* D.I.Y. Meets N.R.L. (No Record Label), Fred Kaplan  , 04/07/04, NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

03.01. 'Magic Ink' That Makes Metal Grow , BBC News Online

Excerpts:


Electronic circuitry is usually etched with copper



An eco-friendly way of "growing" metal for circuitry or antennas has been
developed by UK firm QinetiQ.

The metal printing technique replaces conventional copper etching by using a
special ink which attracts metals.

It means antennas for tiny mobiles or radio frequency identification (RFID)
tags, used for tracking goods, could be made cheaply and quickly. (...)

Because they connect by radio, they do not require the scanners, so familiar
with the barcoding system, to read their unique identification codes.

The metal printing technique could transform how RFID tags are made.

* 'Magic Ink' That Makes Metal Grow, Jo Twist
  , 04/07/05, BBC News Online


_________________________________________________________________

04. Neuroscience: Change Of Mind , Nature

Excerpts: A brain haemorrhage turned an ex-convict into an obsessive artist.
(...)


In cognitive tests (...), McHugh demonstrates a mix of abilities and
deficiencies. (...) has difficulty switching trains of thought. When asked to
list types of furniture, for example, he will rattle off chairs and tables like
the rest of us. But when asked to switch to listing animals, he continues to
talk about lamps and sofas. It's a trait that becomes apparent when talking to
McHugh: sentences tumble out relentlessly unless he is interrupted.

* Neuroscience: Change Of Mind, Jim Giles , 04/07/01, DOI: 10.1038/430014a,
Nature 430, 14


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04.01. Concepts - A Model For Madness? , Nature

Excerpts: During REM sleep, there is also selective activation of the amygdala
and other parts of the limbic system. This is relevant for our understanding of
the heightened emotion ?especially the feelings of anxiety, anger and elation
?that so commonly dictate the development of a dream plot. An exaggeration of
emotional activation is also common in mental illness, when it may contribute
to impairment of rationality. An idea that helps to unite these findings is
that emotion is itself an internally generated percept that powerfully
influences conscious experience.

* Concepts - A Model For Madness?, Allan Hobson , 04/07/01, DOI:
10.1038/430021a, Nature 430, 21


_________________________________________________________________

04.02. Anesthetics Are Slowly Giving Up The Secrets Of How They Work , Science
News

Excerpts:


The first successful demonstration of ether's use as a surgical anesthetic was
conducted in 1846. William T.G. Morton, who administered the ether for the
removal of a tumor from a patient's jaw, is to the immediate left of the
patient.(?Bettmann/CORBIS)


Combining amnesia, sedation, immobility, and insensitivity to pain, general
anesthesia is an unnatural state: a physician-induced "central nervous system
dysfunction," (...).

One of the central questions of anesthesia research has been whether all these
drugs work in the same manner. Until the last few decades, investigators
generally held that, despite chemical differences, the drugs share a mechanism
of action.

One long-standing theory was based on the simple observation that the more
soluble an anesthetic is in olive oil, the more effective it is.

* Anesthetics Are Slowly Giving Up The Secrets Of How They Work, John Travis  ,
04/07/03, Science News


_________________________________________________________________

05. Circadian Rhythms: As Time Glows By In Bacteria , Nature

Excerpts: Populations of cells can exhibit remarkably precise and stable
circadian oscillations. But can single cells achieve such precision in the
absence of intercellular communication? For cyanobacteria, it seems so.


Have you ever heard of a bacterium with jet lag? The idea might seem absurd; 20
years ago, experts in the field would have thought so too. Bacterial cells were
believed to be just too 'simple' to have the biological clocks necessary to
regulate daily (circadian) rhythms of gene expression, physiology and
behaviour.

* Circadian Rhythms: As Time Glows By In Bacteria, Carl Hirschie Johnson  ,
04/07/01, DOI: 10.1038/430023a, Nature 430, 23 - 24


_________________________________________________________________

06. Neurobiology: Sleep On It , Nature

Excerpts: (...) suggests that sleep has a key role in neural plasticity ?that
is, in maintaining appropriate connections between neurons through respectively
reinforcing and eliminating significant and accidental connections between
synapses. Owing to its traditional association with dreaming, REM [ rapid eye
movement, Ed.] sleep was first implicated in learning and neural plasticity,
with findings ?mainly from animal studies ?showing a correlation between the
amount of REM sleep and performance on a learned task. More recently, NREM [
non-rapid eye movement, Ed.] sleep, and specifically slow-wave activity, has
also been shown to play a critical part in both developmental and
learning-induced plasticity.

* Neurobiology: Sleep On It, Ilana S. Hairston , Robert T Knight , 04/07/01,
DOI: 10.1038/430027a, Nature 430, 27 - 28


_________________________________________________________________

06.01. Local Sleep And Learning , Nature

Excerpts: During much of sleep, cortical neurons undergo slow oscillations in
membrane potential, which appear in electroencephalograms as slow wave activity
(SWA) of SME 2004 Symposium on Modeling
  and Control of Economic Systems , University in Redlands, CA, 04/07/28-31

  6th
  International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
  Canada, 04/08/02-06

4th
  intl seminar on Collective Intelligence
, U of Ottawa, Canada, 04/08/08-10


Real-Life Complex Adaptive Systems: Modelling And Control, session in Intl Conf
on Computing, Communications and Control Technologies: CCCT'04, Austin, Texas,
04/08/14-17

   Fractals and Natural Hazards at
32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28


Intl Conf on Science of Complex Networks: from Biology
to the Internet and WWW (CNET2004), Aveiro
(Portugal), 04/08/29-09/02




ICCC 2004, IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, ,
Vienna, Austria, 04/08/30-09/01

  ANTS
  2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
  Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,
  04/09/05-08

  Dynamic
  Ontology,
An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
  and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,
  04/09/08-11

  9th
  Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
  (ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15

  Neuroeconomics 2004, Charleston, SC, 04/09/16-19

  TNew Economic Windows 2004: Complexity Hints for Economic Policy, Salerno,
Italy, 04/09/16-18

  The
Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18

  The
  8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
  (PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22

  The
  Nonlinear Waves in Fluids: Recent Advances and Modern Applications, Udine,
Italy, 04/09/18-22

  XVII Brazilian
  Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
  Brazil, 04/09/22-24

  3rd Natll Conf on Systems Science ,
Trento (Italy), 04/10/07-09

   TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15

  Intl Workshop On Bifurcations In Nonsmooth And Hybrid Dynamical Systems  ,
Milano (Italy), 04/10/21-22

  Wolfram
  Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
  04/10/21-23

  6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape,  Delft, The Netherlands,
04/10/25-27

   Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference ,  Rio de Janeiro,
04/11


ICDM '04: The Fourth IEEE Intl Conf on Data Mining, Brighton, UK, 04/11/01-04

Denaturing Darwin: International Conference on Evolution and Organization
, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 04/11/12-14


  The 7th Asia-Pacific Complex Systems Conference,  Queensland, Australia,
04/12/06-10

  17th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence,  Queensland,
Australia, 04/12/06-10

  Kondratieff Waves, Warfare And World Security, NATO Advanced Research
Workshop
, Covilh? Portugal, 05/02/14-17



  Powders & Grains 2005, Stuttgart, Germany, 05/06/18-22

  Workshop on Complexity and Policy Analysis, Cork, Ireland, 05/06/22-24


18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2005), Salamanca,
Spain, 05/09/19-23



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