ժ NO2004.26


Complexity Digest 2004.26

Archive: http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror: http://www.comdig.de Asian
Mirror: http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code) "I think
the next century will be the century of complexity." Stephen Hawking

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Content:

01. From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela
(1946-2001), Complexity Digest Virtual Conference Network
02. Critical Brain Networks, Physica A
02.01. Neuronal Oscillations in Cortical Networks, Science
03. Ontological Uncertainty and Innovation, SFI Working Papers
03.01. Modelling Selforganization and Innovation Processes in Networks, arXiv
04. The Intelligent Internet The Promise of Smart Computers and E-Commerce,
Government Computer News
04.01. Net Pioneer Predicts Web Future, BBC News Online
05. Microsoft Patents Body-As-Network, IDG News Service
05.01. Power Implant Aims To Run On Body Heat, NewScientist
06. Mr. Universe Jr.: Child's Gene Mutation Confirms Protein's Role In
Human-Muscle Growth, Science News
06.01. "Mighty Mouse" Gene Found In Humans, NewScientist
07. De Novo Design of an Enzyme, Science
07.01. Computational Design of a Biologically Active Enzyme, Science
07.02. Putting Flu on the Map, Science Now
08. Chaos In A Periodically Forced Chemostat With Algal Mortality, Alphagalileo
& Proc. B
09. Farming Origins Gain 10,000 Years, BBC News
10. Russians Change Weather For McCartney Concert, Chicago Sun Times
10.01. Weather Modification, NPR ATC
11. Mercury's Capture Into The 3/2 Spin-Orbit Resonance As A Result Of Its
Chaotic Dynamics, Nature
11.01. Planetary Science: How Mercury Got Its Spin, Nature
12. Distributed Robustness Versus Redundancy as Causes of Mutational
Robustness, SFI Working Papers
13. Face-Keeping Strategies In Reaction To Complaints: English And Persian, J.
Asian Pacific Communi.
14. Noisy Secret Of Mona Lisa's Smile, NewScientist
15. Working And Training: A Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis Of Human Capital
Development, Jap. Econ. Rev.
16. Mything The Point: What's Wrong With The Conventional Wisdom About The
C.I.A, Intell. & National Security
17. Out Of Sight But Not Out Of Mind: Home Range Marking In Ants, Animal
Behaviour
18. U.S. Struggled Over How Far to Push Tactics, Washington Post
18.01. UN Seeks 'Terror Inmates' Access, BBC News
18.02. U.N. Investigators Appeal to U.S., Washington Post
18.03. UK Alarm Over Guantanamo Trials, BBC News
19. Complex Challenges: Terrorist Networks
19.01. US Doubles Its Count of 2003 Terrorism Casualties, Reuters
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements

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01. From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela
(1946-2001) , Complexity Digest Virtual Conference Network

Note: The slides and further material of the talks would be available at the
conference website.  Autopoiesis and Enaction   Barry McMullin. "30 Years of
Computational Autopoiesis: A Review". Full talk Audio 40:01 [mp3: 24Kbps, 5.7
Mb]. Reimplementation of the first computer simulation created to illustrate
the concept of autopoiesis.   Eric Goles. "Discrete Dynamical Systems and
Undecidability (sand pile and ants)". Full talk Audio 25:26 [mp3: 24Kbps, 3.6
Mb]. Simple discrete dynamical system capable of universal computation.
Steven Rose. "The Autopoietic Brain/Mind". Full talk Audio 31:40 [mp3: 24Kbps,
4.5 Mb]. Brain, mind, development, genes, and consciousness.   Susan Oyama.
"Development 'sin techo, sin muros'". Full talk Audio 50:38 [mp3: 24Kbps, 7.2
Mb]. Video Summary [asf: 2.4 Mb]. Issues in development: nature vs. nurture,
boudnaries of 'self'...    Enaction and Cognition  Antonio Coutinho. "Second
Generation Immune Network". Full talk Audio 42:11 [mp3: 24Kbps, 6.0 Mb]. Model
of the immune system. Autoimmune diseases have increased at the same rate that
infectious diseases have decreased by the use of vaccines. The treatment of
autoimmune disease should promote the activation of the immune system, not to
repress it.  Luc Steels. "Embodied Semiotics Dynamics". Full talk Audio 39:12
[mp3: 24Kbps, 5.6 Mb]. Computer experiments exploring the theories of the
origins of shared colour categories, implementing ideas of embodiment, enactive
cognition, and self-organization.  See Also: Video Summary at EELC, with Tony
Belpaeme [asf: 2.7 Mb]. Alva No? "Experience Without the Head". Full talk
Audio 47:20 [mp3: 24Kbps, 6.8 Mb]. Video Summary [asf: 2.4 Mb]. Issues on the
boundaries of the mind, perception, and consciousness.  Andy Clark. "Profound
Embodiment". Full talk Audio 33:40 [mp3: 24Kbps, 4.8 Mb]. Video Summary [asf:
2.6 Mb]. The mind and its relationships with the body and environment. We are
OF our world not just IN it.     Cognition and Neurosciences   Paul
Bach-y-Rita. "Emerging Concepts of Brain Function". Full talk Audio 33:07 [mp3:
64Kbps, 15.1 Mb, 24Kbps, 4.7 Mb] (Note: the audio was edited, removing moments
where videos were shown demonstrating the remarkable results of sensory
substitution). Video Summary [asf: 3.2 Mb]. Results of sensory substitution
during the last 40 years. Blind people report seeing when a camera is connected
to a 144-point touchpad in their tongue. Within minutes they are able to
perform hand-eye coordination required to catch a ball rolling over a table.
Resluts change the common view of what it is to feel.  Diego Cosmelli. "Of
Mountains and Valleys: Binocular Rivalry and the Flow of Human Experience".
Full talk Audio 30:14 [mp3: 64Kbps, 13.8 Mb, 24Kbps, 4.3 Mb]. When each eye is
shown a different image, there is spontaneus oscillation between the images,
which can be measured.   Jean-Philippe Lachaux and Michel L?Van Quyen. "The
Brain Web : Large-scale Integration in the Neural System". Full talk Audio
43:13 [mp3: 64Kbps, 19.7 Mb, 24Kbps, 6.1 Mb]. Part 1: Structures in subjective
experience can trap attention. Can we correlate with structures in brain
function? Some correlates have been detected with brain scans during perception
of faces (compared with the same image upside down, which is not recognized).
Part 2: Does the brain operate near a critical state (Turing, 1957)? The
Brain-web seems to be scale-free, since there are power law distributions both
functionally and structurally. Therefore, there is (some) scale invariance in
the brain.     (L to R) Paul Bach-y-Rita, Diego Cosmelli, Michel L?Van Quyen,
and Jean-Philippe Lachaux   Consciouness and Practice  Matthieu Ricard. "From
Mind Training to Brain Plasticity, Cultivating the Inner Conditions for
Well-being". Full talk Audio 33:30 [mp3: 64Kbps, 15.3 Mb, 24Kbps, 4.8 Mb].
Video Summary [asf: 3.1 Mb]. First person experiences on Buddhist meditation.
Gamma activity of the brain, detected during moments of visual consciousness
(e.g. face recognition), is increased for long periods of time during
meditation.   Alan Wallace. "Three Dimensions of Consciousness: A Buddhist
Phenomenology of Mind". Full talk Audio 40:09 [mp3: 64Kbps, 18.4 Mb, 24Kbps,
5.7 Mb]. There have been several explorations in consciousness by Buddhism.
This cannot be measured properly from a third person perspective, it has to be
experienced. People are having thousands of hours of Buddhist training, to test
which insights could be gained.  Michel Bitbol. "Downward Causation: Concept
and Experience". Full talk Audio 39:45 [mp3: 64Kbps, 18.2 Mb, 24Kbps, 5.7 Mb].
Downward causation is impossible as a concept but established as a fact.
Philosophical arguments for solving this paradox, in favour of the concept of
downward causation.      (L to R) Matthieu Ricard, Michel Bitbol, Alan Wallace,
and John Searle  The film Monte Grande: What is Life?, directed by Franz
Reichle is an excellent and moving documentary developed around the life, and
death, of Francisco Varela. On knowledge, consciousness, meditation and dying,
with the participation of his holiness the Dalai Lama and Heinz von Foerster
a.m.o.   Neurophenomenology and Consciousness  Thomas Metzinger. "Being No One
- The Self-Model Theory of Subjectivity". Full talk Audio 40:13 [mp3: 64Kbps,
18.4 Mb, 24Kbps, 5.7 Mb] Slides [pdf: 458 Kb]. Phenomenal model of
intentionality development.   Evan Thompson. "Life and Mind: From Autopoiesis
to Neurphenomenology". Full talk Audio 42:01 [mp3: 64Kbps, 19.2 Mb, 24Kbps, 6.0
Mb]. Mind-body problem not only philosophical, but also of (first-person)
experience. Experience is, in a certain sense, irreducible. There is the need
to put human life back into science. Life = autopoiesis -> emergence of bodily
self -> emergence of world = sense-making (meaning + valence) = cognition
(perception/action) Intentionality emerges from coupling of body and
environment.   Wolf Singer. "The Observer in the Brain: A Dynamic State". Full
talk Audio 48:09 [mp3: 64Kbps, 22.0 Mb, 24Kbps, 6.9 Mb] (Note: the talk begins
in French for few minutes, but continues in English). With eyes wide shut, the
brain knows how the world ought to be. Where is the observer in the brain?
Conscious representations seem to be correlated to high synchronization of
neuronal activity. Consciousness is in no place, it is a dynamical state.
Shaun Gallagher. "Towards a Neurophenomenological Account of Autism". Full talk
Audio 34:47 [mp3: 64Kbps, 15.9 Mb, 24Kbps, 5.0 Mb]. Comparison of theory of
mind (TOM) and neurophenomenology. TOM cannot give account for autism, whereas
neurophenomenology can. Autism seems to have basis at the neurological level,
in sensorimotor processes. These are required for the development of
intersubjectivities.      Practice and Social  Andreas Roepstorff. "Webs of
Significance: From Social Interaction to Brain Dynamics". Full talk Audio 41:29
[mp3: 64Kbps, 19.0 Mb, 24Kbps, 5.9 Mb]. First person experience cannot be
reduced to a third person experience. Issues in the study of mind and
consciousness. Jean-Pierre Dupuy. "The Social as Autonomous, Complex System".
Full talk Audio 51:57 [mp3: 64Kbps, 23.8 Mb, 24Kbps, 7.4 Mb]. Organizational
closure illustrated with Ian McEwan's "Atonement". Then applied to
religious anthropology, political science, philosophy... part of the rules is
to break the rules.     (L to R) Jean-Pierre Dupuy, Andreas Roepstorff, and
Jean Petitot  Contributed by Nadia Gershenson (video) and Carlos Gershenson
(audio and html)  Webserver space kindly provided by the Centrum Leo Apostel of
the Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Note: Audio files are in downloadable mp3 format for portable mp3 players or
mp3 software players. Video files are in asf format and can be played e.g. with
windows media player. If you have problems, suggestions, or comments with the
file formats, please contact Carlos Gershenson.

* From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela
(1946-2001), 2004/06/18-20, Universit?Panth n-Sorbonne, Paris, France
* AUDIO - Complexity Digest Virtual Conference Network
* VIDEO - Complexity Digest Virtual Conference Network
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


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02. Critical Brain Networks , Physica A

Abstract: Highly correlated brain dynamics produces synchronized states with no
behavioral value, while weakly correlated dynamics prevents information flow.
We discuss the idea put forward by Per Bak that the working brain stays at an
intermediate (critical) regime characterized by power-law correlations.

* Critical Brain Networks, Dante R. Chialvo , 2004/06/15, DOI:
10.1016/j.physa.2004.05.064, Physica A, Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


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02.01. Neuronal Oscillations in Cortical Networks , Science

Excerpts: Clocks tick, bridges and skyscrapers vibrate, neuronal networks
oscillate. Are neuronal oscillations an inevitable by-product, similar to
bridge vibrations, or an essential part of the brain's design? Mammalian
cortical neurons form behavior-dependent oscillating networks of various sizes,
which span five orders of magnitude in frequency. These oscillations are
phylogenetically preserved, suggesting that they are functionally relevant.
Recent findings indicate that network oscillations bias input selection,
temporally link neurons into assemblies, and facilitate synaptic plasticity,
mechanisms that cooperatively support temporal representation and long-term
consolidation of information.

* Neuronal Oscillations in Cortical Networks, Gy gy Buzs i  , Andreas
Draguhn
, 04/06/25, Science : 1926-1929



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03. Ontological Uncertainty and Innovation , SFI Working Papers

Excerpts: This paper explores the relationship between uncertainty and
innovation. It distinguishes three kinds of uncertainty: truth uncertainty,
semantic uncertainty, and ontological uncertainty, the latter of which is
particularly important for innovation processes. The paper then develops some
implications of ontological uncertainty for innovation processes at three
levels of organization, by means of three theories: a narrative theory of
action at the level of individual economic actors; the theory of generative
relationships at the meso-level of agent interaction; and the theory of
scaffolding structures at the macro-level of market systems. These theories are
illustrated by means of examples drawn from a prospective study on the
emergence of a new market system around a technology for distributed control.
The paper concludes with a discussion of the relation between theory, stories
and models. (...)

* Ontological Uncertainty and Innovation, David A. Lane , Robert Maxfield ,
DOI: SFI-WP 04-06-014, SFI Working Papers
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


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03.01. Modelling Selforganization and Innovation Processes in Networks , arXiv

Abstract: In this paper we develop a theory to describe innovation processes in
a network of interacting units. We introduce a stochastic picture that allows
for the clarification of the role of fluctuations for the survival of
innovations in such a non-linear system. We refer to the theory of complex
networks and introduce the notion of sensitive networks. Sensitive networks are
networks in which the introduction or the removal of a node/vertex dramatically
changes the dynamic structure of the system. As an application we consider
interaction networks of firms and technologies and describe technological
innovation as a specific dynamic process. Random graph theory, percolation,
master equation formalism and the theory of birth and death processes are the
mathematical instruments used in this paper.

* Modelling Selforganization and Innovation Processes in Networks, Ingrid
Hartmann-Sonntag , Andrea Scharnhorst , Werner Ebeling , 2004/06/18, DOI:
cond-mat/0406425, arXiv
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


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04. The Intelligent Internet The Promise of Smart Computers and E-Commerce ,
Government Computer News

Excerpts: (...) more-complex applications - online voting, e-health, the
virtual university, virtual reality, and the global grid - are likely to follow
later. These forms of e-commerce lag because they involve more exotic and
costly technology, difficult institutional changes, and new forms of consumer
behavior. Making the virtual university a reality, for instance, requires
professors to switch from traditional lectures to communication technologies
that are poorly developed, college administrators to justify the economic
feasibility of more expensive systems, (...). E-health demands a similar
transformation among physicians, hospitals, and patients.

* The Intelligent Internet The Promise of Smart Computers and E-Commerce,
William E. Halal  , 06/23/04, Government Computer News


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04.01. Net Pioneer Predicts Web Future , BBC News Online

Excerpts: The net is only in the Bronze Age of evolution, according to the
pioneer who invented the Domain Name System (DNS).

In 1983, Dr Paul Mockapetris created the now familiar system which gives net
pages names such as ".com" and ".uk".

Celebrating DNS's 21st birthday he says: "Ten years from now, we will look back
at the net and think how could we have been so primitive."

All communication will be over the net, he predicts, and we will no longer need
phone numbers, just web addresses.

* Net Pioneer Predicts Web Future, Jo Twist
  , 04/06/23, BBC News Online


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05. Microsoft Patents Body-As-Network , IDG News Service

Excerpts: (...) received a U.S. patent for a "method and apparatus for
transmitting power and data using the human body." (...)

Microsoft proposes linking portable devices such as watches, keyboards,
displays, and speakers using the conductivity of "a body of a living
creature."

A variety of devices could be powered selectively from a single power source
carried on the body, via multiple power supply signals at different
frequencies, (...). In addition, data and audio signals could be transmitted
over that same power signal. (...) connected to the body via electrodes.

* Microsoft Patents Body-As-Network, Stephen Lawson

, 04/06/23, IDG News Service


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05.01. Power Implant Aims To Run On Body Heat , NewScientist

Excerpts: Life-saving medical implants like pacemakers and defibrillators face
a big drawback: their batteries eventually run out. So every few years,
patients need surgery to have the batteries replaced.

Now a company in New York state is planning to tackle the problem by providing
patients with an implantable power source that recharges their implant's
batteries using electricity generated by the patient's own body heat.

By continuously recharging the batteries, it saves the patient from frequent
surgery. In some low power devices, it could even replace the batteries
altogether, making such operations unnecessary.





Implanted power source



* Power Implant Aims To Run On Body Heat, Duncan Graham-Rowe  , 04/06/16, New
Scientist


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06. Mr. Universe Jr.: Child's Gene Mutation Confirms Protein's Role In
Human-Muscle Growth , Science News

Excerpts: A boy born with extra-large muscles has mutations in a gene
regulating muscle growth.

* Mr. Universe Jr.: Child's Gene Mutation Confirms Protein's Role In
Human-Muscle Growth


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06.01. "Mighty Mouse" Gene Found In Humans , NewScientist

Excerpts: By studying the genes of an unusually muscular child, scientists have
identified a gene in humans which has also been used to create "mighty mice" in
the lab.

The discovery means that successful therapies for degenerative muscle diseases
in mice that target this gene might be also be effective in humans.

The strapping German boy, whose mother is a professional sprinter, is so strong
that at the age of just four and a half he can hold a three kilogram weight in
each hand with his arms outstretched horizontally.

* "Mighty Mouse" Gene Found In Humans, Shaoni Bhattacharya  , 04/06/23, New
Scientist


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07. De Novo Design of an Enzyme , Science

Excerpts: Enzymes catalyze biological reactions under mild conditions with high
specificities and rate enhancements of up to 1017-fold . This enormous
catalytic power is the product of natural evolution, and biochemists have tried
for more than a century to understand the underlying chemical principles. The
salient test of our understanding of enzyme catalysis would be the design of an
enzyme from scratch. (...)Using computer-based rational protein design, they
turned the catalytically inert ribose-binding protein (RBP) into an enzyme that
is highly active as a triose phosphate isomerase (TIM).

* De Novo Design of an Enzyme, Reinhard Sterner  , Franz X. Schmid
, 04/06/25, Science : 1916-1917



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07.01. Computational Design of a Biologically Active Enzyme , Science

Excerpts: Rational design of enzymes is a stringent test of our understanding
of protein chemistry and has numerous potential applications. Here, we present
and experimentally validate the computational design of enzyme activity in
proteins of known structure. (...) The resulting designs contain 18 to 22
mutations, exhibit 105- to 106-fold rate enhancements over the uncatalyzed
reaction, and are biologically active, in that they support the growth of
Escherichia coli under gluconeogenic conditions. The inherent generality of the
design method suggests that many enzymes can be designed by this approach.

* Computational Design of a Biologically Active Enzyme, Mary A. Dwyer , Loren
L. Looger , Homme W. Hellinga
, 04/06/25, Science : 1967-1971



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07.02. Putting Flu on the Map , Science Now

Excerpts:


All over the map. Flu virus strains gather in 11 clusters on the new antigenic
map. Letters refer to the location (Hong Kong, England, Victoria, Texas,
Bangkok, Suchan, Beijing, Wuhan, Sydney, and Fujian) and numbers to the year of
isolation.
CREDIT: D. J. SMITH ET AL., SCIENCE



Like fashion devotees, influenza viruses change their looks every year.
Mutations in the viral surface help the virus elude the human immune system,
leading to yearly epidemics. Now, researchers have developed a mathematical
tool that helps analyze and visualize this "antigenic drift." The study,
applicable to other viruses as well, may help make the yearly choice of the
best flu vaccine easier. (...)

(...) To keep track of its evolutionary tricks, researchers worldwide infect
animals with well known H3N2 strains, harvest antiserum, and routinely test how
well it binds with unknown varieties of H3N2.

* Putting Flu on the Map, 04/06/23, Science Now


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08. Chaos In A Periodically Forced Chemostat With Algal Mortality ,
Alphagalileo & Proc. B

Abstract: We study the possibility of chaotic dynamics in the externally driven
Droop model which describes a phytoplankton population in a chemostat under
periodic supply of nutrients. Previously it has been proven under very general
assumptions that such systems are not able to exhibit chaos. Here we show that
the introduction of algal mortality may lead to chaotic oscillations of algal
density, representing recurrent algal blooms in real aquatic ecosystems. Our
results give insight into the dynamics of nutrient limited growth in a
time-varying environment and should be of relevance for the understanding and
role of deterministic chaos in ecological systems.

* Chaos In A Periodically Forced Chemostat With Algal Mortality, B. Blasius  ,
S. Clodong , 2004/06/21, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological sciences)
* Contributed by Atin Das


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09. Farming Origins Gain 10,000 Years , BBC News

Excerpts:


Wild types of emmer wheat like those found at Ohalo were forerunners of today's
varieties



Humans made their first tentative steps towards farming 23,000 years ago, much
earlier than previously thought.

Stone Age people in Israel collected the seeds of wild grasses some 10,000
years earlier than previously recognised, experts say.

These grasses included wild emmer wheat and barley, which were forerunners of
the varieties grown today.(...)
The evidence comes from a collection of 90,000 prehistoric plant remains dug up
at Ohalo in the north of the country.

The Ohalo site was submerged in prehistoric times and left undisturbed until
recent excavations by Ehud Weiss of Harvard University and his colleague

* Farming Origins Gain 10,000 Years, 04/06/23, BBC News


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10. Russians Change Weather For McCartney Concert , Chicago Sun Times

Excerpts: Planes go over the top of the clouds ?(...) -- to disperse
ice-forming agents such as silver iodide or dry ice. The agent causes icelets
to freeze and grow. (...)

But what makes the Russian experiment over the McCartney concert unusual is
that weather modification was used to chase the rain away.

Mark Solak, vice president of industry-leading North American Weather
Consultants Inc., said the Russians may have saturated the cloud with dry ice.
That would create so many ice particles that they would be too small to fall.

* Russians Change Weather For McCartney Concert, 04/06/22, Chicago Sun Times


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10.01. Weather Modification , NPR ATC

Excerpts: Organizers of an outdoor Paul McCartney concert in Russia wanted the
show to go off without a hitch. So when storm clouds began gathering over St.
Petersburg on Sunday, they were treated with chemicals to keep the rain away.

* Weather Modification , Tony Grainger  , 04/06/22, NPR TOTN


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11. Mercury's Capture Into The 3/2 Spin-Orbit Resonance As A Result Of Its
Chaotic Dynamics , Nature

Excerpts: Here we show that the chaotic evolution of Mercury's orbit can drive
its eccentricity beyond 0.325 during the planet's history, which very
efficiently leads to its capture into the 3/2 resonance. In our numerical
integrations of 1,000 orbits of Mercury over 4 Gyr, capture into the 3/2
spin-orbit resonant state was the most probable final outcome of the planet's
evolution, occurring 55.4 per cent of the time.

* Mercury's Capture Into The 3/2 Spin-Orbit Resonance As A Result Of Its
Chaotic Dynamics, Alexandre C. M. Correia , Jacques Laskar  , 04/06/24, DOI:
10.1038/nature02609, Nature 429, 848 - 850


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11.01. Planetary Science: How Mercury Got Its Spin , Nature

Excerpts: The orbital period of Mercury and its period of rotation are known to
be in a 3/2 ratio,(...).


So how did Mercury enter this resonance? There are two terms in the equation of
motion for the planet. One term describes the strength of the resonance (the
depth of the potential well), which in this case depends on the eccentricity of
Mercury's orbit and the resonant integers ?(...). The second term depends on
the tidal torque exerted by the Sun that drives the spin towards the resonant
encounter.

* Planetary Science: How Mercury Got Its Spin, Stanley F. Dermott  , 04/06/24,
DOI: 10.1038/429814a, Nature 429, 814 - 815


_________________________________________________________________

12. Distributed Robustness Versus Redundancy as Causes of Mutational Robustness
, SFI Working Papers

Abstract: A biological system is robust to mutations if it continues to
function after genetic changes in its parts. Such robustness is pervasive on
different levels of biological organization, from macromolecules to genetic
networks and whole organisms. I here ask which of two possible causes of such
robustness are more important on a genome-wide scale, for systems whose parts
are genes, such as metabolic and genetic networks. The first of the two causes
is redundancy of a system  parts: A gene may be dispensable if the genome
contains redundant, back-up copies of the gene. The second cause, distributed
robustness, is more poorly understood. It emerges from the distributed nature
of many biological systems, where many (and different) parts contribute to
system functions. I will here discuss evidence suggesting that distributed
robustness is equally or more important for mutational robustness than gene
redundancy. This evidence comes from large-scale gene deletion studies, as well
as from the functional divergence of redundant genes. I also ask whether one
can quantify the extent to which redundancy or distributed robustness
contributes to mutational robustness.

* Distributed Robustness Versus Redundancy as Causes of Mutational Robustness,
Andreas Wagner , DOI: SFI-WP 04-06-018, SFI Working Papers
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


_________________________________________________________________

13. Face-Keeping Strategies In Reaction To Complaints: English And Persian , J.
Asian Pacific Communi.

Excerpts: This paper discusses a number of differences between English and
Persian in the area of speech acts and links them with different cultural
values and norms. The Persian speakers' use of face-keeping strategies in
reaction to complaints was compared with American English speakers'
performance. The most frequent face-saving strategy used by both groups in
reaction to complaints was the apology speech act. (...) It is shown that
Persian speakers are more sensitive to contextual factors and vary their
face-keeping strategies accordingly whereas English speakers mostly use one
apology strategy and intensify it based on contextual factors.

* Face-Keeping Strategies In Reaction To Complaints: English And Persian,
Rasekh Z. E. , 14;1, 2004, Journal of Asian Pacific Communication
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

14. Noisy Secret Of Mona Lisa's Smile , NewScientist

Excerpts:


Manipulating Mona



A new study suggests that the power of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece comes in
part from random noise in our visual systems

(...) manipulated a digital image of the painting by introducing random visual
noise (...) - and asked 12 observers how they rated the resulting expression on
a four-point scale from sad to happy.

As would be expected, noise that lifted the edges of her mouth made Mona Lisa
seem happier, (...). More surprising though, was how readily the visual noise
changed people's perception of the Mona Lisa's expression.

* Noisy Secret Of Mona Lisa's Smile, Philip Cohen  , 04/06/23, New Scientist


_________________________________________________________________

15. Working And Training: A Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis Of Human Capital
Development , Jap. Econ. Rev.

Abstract: We tend to think of workers completing their education and then
entering the workforce, where they will gradually develop their skills. In
fact, however, a worker's career may be characterized not only by this gradual
buildup of job-related skills but also by recurrent education, i.e. the
phenomenon whereby a worker alternates between earning-intensive periods and
training-intensive periods along his career path. In this study, we build a
dynamic optimization model of earning/training decisions of a worker in which
these patterns of his career path can be explained in an integrated manner.

* Working And Training: A Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis Of Human Capital
Development, Nishimura K.  , Yagi T.  , Yano M. , Jun. 2004, DOI:
10.1111/j.1468-5876.2004.t01-1-00298.x, Japanese Economic Review
* Contributed by Pritha Das


_________________________________________________________________

16. Mything The Point: What's Wrong With The Conventional Wisdom About The
C.I.A , Intell. & National Security

Abstract: This article examines seven myths about the Central Intelligence
Agency. These misperceptions persist because of an inadequate understanding of
the relationship between intelligence and policy, outdated stereotypes that
ignore recent reforms, and the politics that accompany delivering bad news to
senior officials. Scholars and intelligence officers looking to advance the
debate on intelligence issues could usefully focus their research on several
core dynamics: sharpening the distinction between intelligence failures and
policy failures; deconstructing intelligence successes to determine whether
those 'best practices' can be replicated elsewhere; and monitoring the risks
when an apolitical intelligence agency closely interacts with the policy
community.

* Mything The Point: What's Wrong With The Conventional Wisdom About The C.I.A,
Prillaman W.  , Dempsey M. , Jun. 2004, DOI: 10.1080/0268452042000222902,
Intelligence and National Security
* Contributed by Pritha Das


_________________________________________________________________

17. Out Of Sight But Not Out Of Mind: Home Range Marking In Ants , Animal
Behaviour

Excerpts: Animals can acquire a global knowledge about their environment that
exceeds their individual capacities by estimating the local density and
activity of nestmates in an area. In ants, home range marking can indicate the
density and activity of nestmates, allowing scouts to assess the potential
interest of the area as a foraging site. We investigated how home range marking
through footprints influences the foraging behaviour of Lasius niger scouts at
a sugary food source (...). Over a marked apparatus the discovery time of food
sources decreased while the probability of scouts recruiting nestmates and of
continuing to lay a trail increased. (...)

* Out Of Sight But Not Out Of Mind: Modulation Of Recruitment According To Home
Range Marking In Ants, C. Devigne cdricdevigne@yahoo.fr , A. J. Renon  , C.
Detrain , Jun. 2004, online 2004/04/09, DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2003.09.012,
Animal Behaviour
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

18. U.S. Struggled Over How Far to Push Tactics , Washington Post

Excerpts: Rumsfeld, for example, approved in December 2002 a range of severe
methods including the stripping of prisoners at Guantanamo, and using dogs to
frighten them. He later rescinded those tactics and signed off on a shorter
list of "exceptional techniques" (...), even though the panel pointed out that,
historically, the U.S. military had rejected the use of force in
interrogations. "Army interrogation experts view the use of force as an
inferior technique that yields information of questionable quality," and
distorts the behavior of those being questioned, the group report noted.

* U.S. Struggled Over How Far to Push Tactics, Dana Priest , Bradley Graham
, 04/06/24, Washington Post Staff Writers



_________________________________________________________________

18.01. UN Seeks 'Terror Inmates' Access , BBC News

Excerpts: UN human rights experts say they want to visit inmates in US custody
in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay and also terror suspects in other
countries.

A group of 31 experts issued a rare joint statement on concerns about the
effects of some US counter-terrorism measures on human rights worldwide.

The move follows a global outcry at the abuse of Iraqi inmates at Abu Ghraib.

UK Attorney General Lord Goldsmith said military tribunals set for Guantanamo
did not meet international standards.

* UN Seeks 'Terror Inmates' Access, 04/06/25, BBC News


_________________________________________________________________

18.02. U.N. Investigators Appeal to U.S. , Washington Post

Excerpts: A group of 31 U.N. human rights investigators issued a rare joint
appeal to the United States to give them access to detention centers in Iraq,
Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

The request came at the end of a week-long meeting in Geneva on the impact of
the U.S.-led counterterrorism campaign on human rights. (...)

The statement asks that four specialists -- trained to check for evidence of
torture, arbitrary detention, medical and physical abuse, and judicial
independence -- be invited to Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay (...).

* U.N. Investigators Appeal to U.S., Colum Lynch
, 04/06/26, Washington Post Staff Writer


_________________________________________________________________

18.03. UK Alarm Over Guantanamo Trials , BBC News

Excerpts: Planned military tribunals for terror suspects held at Guantanamo Bay
are unacceptable, the UK's attorney general has said.

Four British men are still being held at the camp in Cuba.

In a speech on Friday, Lord Goldsmith argued there can be "no compromise" on
certain principles and the US tribunals would not offer a fair trial.

The UK Government has always voiced reservations over the trial plans. Lord
Goldsmith is underlining the point.

* UK Alarm Over Guantanamo Trials, 04/06/25, BBC News


_________________________________________________________________

19. Complex Challenges: Terrorist Networks





_________________________________________________________________

19.01. US Doubles Its Count of 2003 Terrorism Casualties , Reuters

Excerpts: The Bush administration (...) more than doubled its count of people
killed and injured by international terrorism in 2003 as it revised a faulty
report used to argue it was winning a war on terrorism.

(...) international terrorism killed 625 people last year, up from the 307 it
reported on April 29 but below 2002's 725 fatalities. It found 3,646 were
wounded last year, above the 1,593 initially cited and the 2,013 in 2002.

The errors in the annual "Patterns of Global Terrorism" report have embarrassed
the administration (...).

* US Doubles Its Count of 2003 Terrorism Casualties, 04/06/22, Reuters


_________________________________________________________________

20. Links & Snippets





_________________________________________________________________

20.01. Other Publications



- On the Synchronization of Networks with Prescribed Degree Distributions,
Fatihcan Atay , Tuerker Biyikoglu , Juergen Jost , SFI Working Papers, DOI:
SFI-WP 04-06-019
- Molecular Evolution in the Yeast Transcriptional Regulation Network, Annette
M. Evangelisti , Andreas Wagner , SFI Working Papers, DOI: SFI-WP 04-06-017
- Neutrality is Size-Dependent in Tropical Understory Trees, Michael M. Fuller
, Brian J. Enquist , Andreas Wagner , SFI Working Papers, DOI: SFI-WP 04-06-016
- Species Association Networks of Tropical Trees Have a Non-neutral Structure,
Michael M. Fuller , Brian J. Enquist , Andreas Wagner , SFI Working Papers,
DOI: SFI-WP 04-06-015
- Uncovering the Epistemological and Ontological Assumptions of Software
Designers, David King , Chris Kimble , 2004/06/16, arXiv, DOI: cs.SE/0406022
- Spatio-temporal Dynamics in the Origin of Genetic Information, Pan-Jun Kim ,
Hawoong Jeong , 2004/06/16, arXiv, DOI: q-bio.PE/0406035
- Spectral Analysis and the Dynamic Response of Complex Networks, M.A.M. de
Aguiar , Y. Bar-Yam , 2004/06/18, arXiv, DOI: nlin.AO/0406043
- On Quantum Cellular Automata, Alexander Yu. Vlasov , 2004/06/17, arXiv, DOI:
quant-ph/0406119
- Democracy: Order out of Chaos, Hokky Situngkir , Yohanes Surya , 2004/06/24,
arXiv, DOI: nlin.AO/0406057
- Detecting Autocatalytic, Self-sustaining Sets in Chemical Reaction Systems,
Wim Hordijk , Mike Steel , 2004/04/21, Journal of Theoretical Biology
227(4):451-461, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2003.11.020
- Replicator utator Equation, Universality Property and Population Dynamics of
Learning, Natalia L. Komarova , 2004/06/19, Journal of Theoretical Biology,
Article in Press, Corrected Proof, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.05.004
- Control Of Cardiac Alternans In A Mapping Model With Memory, E. G. Tolkachev
lena@phy.duke.edu , M. M. Romeo  , D. J. Gauthier , 2004/06/15, online
2004/05/18, Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.03.008
- Asynchronous Game Of Life, J. Lee lijia@crl.go.jp , S. Adachi
sadachi@crl.go.jp , F. Peper peper@crl.go.jp , K. Morita
morita@iec.hiroshima-u.ac.jp , 2004/06/15, online 2004/05/15, Physica D:
Nonlinear Phenomena, DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.03.007
- Chaos In Natural Populations: Edge Or Wedge?, V. Rai rvikas41@hotmail.com ,
Jun. 2004, online 2004/04/10, Ecological Complexity, DOI:
10.1016/j.ecocom.2004.02.002
- A Developmental Change In Selective Attention And Global Form Perception,
Porporino M.  , Shore D.  , Iarocci G.  , Burack J. , Jul. 2004, International
Journal of Behavioral Development, DOI: 10.1080/01650250444000063
- Human Development In Times Of Social Change: Theoretical Considerations And
Research Needs, Pinquart M.  , Silbereisen R. , Jul. 2004, International
Journal of Behavioral Development, DOI: 10.1080/01650250344000406
- A Method For Identifying Sounds Used In The Classification Of Alarm Calls, J.
Placer john.placer@nau.edu , C. N. Slobodchikoff , 2004/06/30, online
2004/05/28, Behavioural Processes, DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2004.03.001
- Signalling Of Hunger When Offspring Forage By Both Begging And Self-Feeding,
P. T. Smiseth per.t.smiseth@man.ac.uk , A. J. Moore , Jun. 2004, online
2004/04/09, Animal Behaviour, DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2003.10.012
- Equation-Free Modelling Of Evolving Diseases: Coarse-Grained Computations
With Individual-Based Models, J. Cisternas  , C. W. Gear  , S. A. Levin  , I.
G. Kevrekidis , 2004/06/21, Alphagalileo & Proceedings A (Mathematical,
Physical & Engineering Sciences)
- Modelling Butterfly Wing Eyespot Patterns, R. Dil   , J. Sainhas ,
2004/06/21, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological sciences)
- Brain Development And Puberty May Be Key Factors In Learning Disorders,
2004/06/22, ScienceDaily & Northwestern University
- Flies May Taste Bitter Better, First Map Of Insect "Tongue" Reveals,
2004/06/22, ScienceDaily & Duke University Medical Center
- Rush Neurosurgeons Testing Cooling Method To Treat Brain Aneurysms,
2004/06/24, ScienceDaily & Rush University Medical Center
- Cognition And Behavioral Changes As Early As 50 May Link, 2004/06/25,
ScienceDaily & Mayo Clinic
- Iraq March-April 2003: Outcomes, A Division Of Views - And An Abuse Of
Intelligence?, Ewing H. C. , Jun. 2004, Intelligence and National Security,
DOI: 10.1080/0268452042000222957
- Work/Life Balance: You Can't Get There From Here, Caproni P. J. , Jun. 2004,
Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, DOI: 10.1177/0021886304263855
- Non-Dummy Agents In Pure Exchange Economies, Kato M.  , Ohseto S. , Jun.
2004, Japanese Economic Review, DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5876.2004.00302.x
- On Composite Web Services Provisioning In An Environment Of Fixed And Mobile
Computing Resources, Maamar Z. zakaria.maamar@zu.ac.ae , Sheng Q. Z.
qsheng@cse.unsw.edu.au , Benatallah B. boualem@cse.unsw.edu.au , Jul. 2004,
Information Technology and Management, DOI: 10.1023/B:ITEM.0000031581.31936.b9
- JAG Lawyers Warned of Manipulation of Prisoner Rules , 04/06/22, NPR ME, Last
spring, a group of military lawyers known as judge advocate generals warned
that civilian lawyers within the Bush administration were creating "legal
ambiguity" on how international treaties should be applied to people in U.S.
detention. Many JAG lawyers say their advice was disregarded as the White House
sought to tweak the laws of war for political ends. Hear NPR's Jackie Northam.
- Idiot Proof , Francis Wheen , 04/06/23, NPR TOTN, British columnist and
satirist Francis Wheen takes on the past 25 years of "Counter-Enlightenment
idiocy." Some of his targets include Margaret Thatcher, conspiracy theorists,
Deepak Chopra, Enron and suicide bombers.
- Senior CIA Officer Says U.S. Losing Terror War , 04/06/24, NPR ME, Imperial
Hubris, a new book due out next month, argues that the United States is losing
the war on terror. It faults senior U.S. officials who have "delayed action,
downplayed intelligence, ignored repeated warnings" and behaved as "moral
cowards." NPR's Mary Louise Kelly speaks with the book's author, an active
senior CIA officer -- and former head of the agency's Osama bin Laden unit --
who asked to remain anonymous.
- Saudi Arabia Offers Amnesty to Militants , 04/06/24, NPR ME, Saudi Arabia
offers a limited amnesty to Islamic militants who surrender within the next
month. Few are likely to respond. But experts say the move suggests the Saudi
family remains confident of its grip on power and of the inroads it's made into
the militant extremist structure. NPR's Julie McCarthy reports.
- California Seeks Answers at 'Model' Prison , 04/06/24, NPR ATC, NPR's Richard
Gonzales accompanies ex-inmates and the parents of California juvenile
offenders on a visit to Missouri's "model" juvenile justice system. The
Californians are looking for ways to overhaul their state's deeply troubled
youth prison authority.
- Toshiba Develops Matchbox-Sized Fuel Cell For Mobile Phones, Yoshiko Hara  ,
04/06/24, EE Times
- Plasma Pockets Could Reduce Aircraft Noise
- Hunt Seeks Unique Arctic Sealife, Alex Kirby  , 04/06/24, BBC News Online,
Researchers preparing to survey the wealth of life in the Arctic Ocean expect
to find some species new to science.
- Europe Tackles Freak Weather Risk, Alex Kirby  , 04/06/25, BBC News Online
- This Terrorist Is Bad Enough on His Own, Peter Bergen , Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
is probably not the missing link between Saddam Hussein and Al Qaeda, even if
he is arguably the world's most dangerous terrorist.
- Bloated Blackhole Babies, Govert Schillin  , 04/06/23, Science Now
- Making Mona Lisa Frown, Sad and happy expressions revealed by mouth, not eyes
- Mice That Don't Miss Mom, 04/06/23, Science Now
- Another Charmingly Strange Particle, 04/06/23, Science Now, A new odd-ball
particle defies physicists' predictions
- Bee Cool, 04/06/23, Science Now, Genetic diversity in honey bees aids
thermoregulation
- U.S. Drops Plan to Exempt G.I.'s From U.N. Court, Warren Hoge , The outcome,
while a defeat for Washington, will have no effect on the vulnerability to
prosecution of U.S. troops in Iraq.
- U.S. Immunity in Iraq Will Go Beyond June 30 , Robin Wright

, 04/06/24, Washington Post Staff Writer
- U.S. Edicts Curb Power Of Iraq's Leadership , By Rajiv Chandrasekaran  ,
Walter Pincus
, 04/06/27, Washington Post Foreign Service
- Saudis Offer Limited Amnesty to Rebels, Neil MacFarquhar , The offer
suggested that the country's rulers, while shaken by terrorist violence,
believe their grip on power to be firm.
- A Crowning at the Capital Creates a Stir, Sheryl Gay Stolberg
, The Rev. Sun Myung Moon donned a crown in a Senate office building and
declared himself the Messiah while members of Congress watched.
- Wi-Fi Finds The Way When GPS Can't, Celeste Biever  , 04/06/28, New Scientist
- Nuclear Share Of Electricity Predicted To Fall, Rob Edwards  , 04/06/26, New
Scientist
- Tooth Growing Experiments Bring Smiles, Remarkable progress is being made
towards growing replacement teeth from stem cells, but major obstacles remain
- Horn Damage Hints At Triceratops Battles, The three-horned dinosaur could
apparently wrestle head-to-head with other members of its own species
- The Amygdala Modulates The Consolidation Of Memories Of Emotionally , James
L. McGaugh
, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 1 - 28
- E Pluribus Unum, Ex Uno Plura1: Quantitative And Single-Gene , Ralph J.
Greenspan
, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 79 - 105
- Plasticity Of The Spinal Neural Circuitry After Injury* , V. Reggie Edgerton
, Niranjala J.K. Tillakaratne , Allison J. Bigbee , Ray
D. de Leon , Roland R. Roy
, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 145 - 167
- The Mirror-Neuron System , Giacomo Rizzolatti , Laila Craighero

, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 169 - 192
- Cellular Mechanisms Of Neuronal Population Oscillations In The Hippocampus In
Vitro , Roger D. Traub , Andrea Bibbig , Fiona E.N. LeBeau , Eberhard H. Buhl ,

Miles A. Whittington
, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 247 - 278
- The Neural Basis Of Temporal Processing , Michael D. Mauk , Dean V. Buonomano


, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 307 - 340
- Cortical Neural Prosthetics , Andrew B. Schwartz
, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 487 - 507
- Cerebellum-Dependent Learning: The Role of Multiple Plasticity Mechanisms ,
Edward S. Boyden , Akira Katoh , Jennifer L. Raymond

, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 581 - 609
- Visual Motor Computations In Insects , Mandyam V. Srinivasan, Shaowu Zhang

, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 679 - 696
- How The Brain Processes Social Information: Searching for the Social Brain* ,
Thomas R. Insel , Russell D. Fernald
, 04/07, Annual Review of Neuroscience; Vol. 27, Page 697 - 722
- Cell Biology: A Channel For Protein Waste 817, Randy Schekman
, Cells destroy misshapen proteins; viruses use the same methods to destroy
healthy cellular proteins that are involved in antiviral defences. A
long-sought intermediary in the process has now been uncovered.
- Confronting The Coral Reef Crisis 827, D. R. Bellwood , T. P. Hughes , C.
Folke  , M. Nystr
- Material Science: Spinning Continuous Fibers for Nanotechnology, Yuris
Dzenis
, 04/06/25, Science : 1917-1919.
- Ocean Science:Hemispheric Asynchrony of Abrupt Climate Change, Jean
Lynch-Stieglitz
, 04/06/25, Science : 1919-1920
- Neuroscience:The Mice That Don't Miss Mom: Love and the μ-Opioid
Receptor, Mary Beckman
, 04/06/25, Science : 1888-1889
- Going My Way?, 04/06/26, Science News, The painted lady is one of the
butterflies that enthusiasts are tracking in search of migration patterns.
Butterflies and moths fit entomologists' modern view that migrants don't have
to make the round-trip in one generation.
- Hot Bother: Ground Squirrels Taunt In Infrared, California ground squirrels
broadcast an infrared signal when confronting a rattlesnake.
- Misbehavin' Meson: Perplexing Particle Flouts The Rules, The discovery of
what appears to be a new subatomic particle with bizarre properties is
challenging theorists' understanding of how matter behaves.
- Stone Age Ear for Speech: Ancient finds sound off on roots of language,
Ancestors of Neandertals that lived at least 350,000 years ago heard the same
range of sounds that people today do, suggesting that the ability to speak
arose early in the Stone Age.
- When Protein Breakdown Breaks Down: Bacterial Toxin Yields Signs Of
Parkinson's, Certain compounds that hinder cells from destroying waste proteins
can produce symptoms of Parkinson's disease in rats.
- Long Dry Spell, Falling reservoir levels in the western United States are
just one symptom that the region is suffering through a drought that may be the
worst to strike in the past 500 years.
- Thoroughly Modern Migrants, Butterflies and moths are causing scientists to
devise a broader definition of migration and this has raised some old questions
in new ways.
- Beg Your Indulgence, The Japanese concept of amae, in which one person
presumes that another will indulgently grant a special request, may apply to
different forms of behavior at different ages, even in Western countries.
- Sleepy Brains Take Learning Seriously, After people practice a hand-eye
coordination task, electrical activity in specific areas of the brain during
sleep reflects neural processes involved in learning to perform that task
better.



_________________________________________________________________

20.02. Webcast Announcements




ECC8 Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
  04/06/14-17



Evolutionary Epistemology, Language, and Culture, Brussels, Belgium,
04/05/26-28


International Conference on Complex Systems 2004, Boston, 04/05/16-21


Life, a Nobel Story, Brussels, Belgium, 04/04/28


Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Mechanics Days, Brussels, Belgium,
04/04/26-27


Science Education Forum for Chinese Language Culture, , Panel Discussion,
Taipei, Taiwan, 04/05/01


Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology, ,
Lausanne,Switzerland, 04/01/29-30


Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos: Lab Demonstrations, Strogatz, Steven H.,
Internet-First University Press, 1994

World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland   Riding the Next Democratic
Wave, Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic
Forum, 04/01/25
  The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan,
Martin, Schwab, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25  Why Victory Against Terrorism
Demands Shared Values

  CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And
Intelligent Systems, 2004 Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10 EVOLVABILITY &
INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of Communication, Signaling, and
Perception in the Dynamics of Social Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10 The
Semantic Web and Language Technology - Its Po tential and Practicalities,
Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08 ECAL 2003, 7th European Conference on
Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany, 03/09/14-17 New Santa Fe Institute
President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role, (Video, Santa Fe, NM,
03/06/04) SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM,
2003/06/01-04 NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio
Report, 03/05/11 13th Ann Intl Conf, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life
Sciences, Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10 CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos
of Archived Lectures and Live Events Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video
Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998 Edge Videos




_________________________________________________________________

20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements






Statphys - Kolkata V An International Conference on Complex Networks:
Structure, Function and Processes , Kolkata, India, 04/06/27-30


ICAD 2004 10th International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia,
04/07/06-09


3rd Intl School Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics Discrete Dynamical Systems and
Applications , Urbino (Italy), 04/07/07-09

  `Perspectives on Nonlinear Dynamics 2004 (PNLD-2004), Chen!
nai, India, 04/07/12-15

  From Animals To Animats
  8, 8th Intl Conf On The Simulation Of Adaptive Behavior
  (SAB'04), Los Angeles, USA, 04/07/13-17

  14th Annual International Conference The Society for Chaos Theory in
Psychology & Life Sciences , Milwaukee, WI, USA, 04/07/15-18


Facing Complexity, Wellington, NZ, 04/07/15-17


  Interdisciplinary Colloquium, Security Bytes, Security/Life/Terror
, Lancaster, 04/07/17-19

  Gordon Research Conference on "Oscillations & Dynamic Instabilities In
Chemical Systems", Lewiston, ME, 04/07/18-23

  3rd
Intl Conf Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2004), New
York City, 04/07/19-23

7th
Intl Workshop on: Trust in Agent Societies , New York City, 04/07/19-20

  8th
  World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
  Informatics, Orlando, Florida, USA, 04/07/18-21


The 4 th International Workshop on Meta-Synthesis and Complex Systems
(MCS'2004) , Beijing, 04/07/22-23

  2004
  Summer Simulation MultiConference (SummerSim'04), San Jose
  Hyatt, San Jose, California, 04/07/25-29

  SME 2004 Symposium on Modeling
  and Control of Economic Systems , University in Redlands, CA, 04/07/28-31

  6th
  International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
  Canada, 04/08/02-06

4th
  intl seminar on Collective Intelligence
, U of Ottawa, Canada, 04/08/08-10


Real-Life Complex Adaptive Systems: Modelling And Control, session in Intl Conf
on Computing, Communications and Control Technologies: CCCT'04, Austin, Texas,
04/08/14-17

   Fractals and Natural Hazards at
32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28


Intl Conf on Science of Complex Networks: from Biology
to the Internet and WWW (CNET2004), Aveiro
(Portugal), 04/08/29-09/02




ICCC 2004, IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, ,
Vienna, Austria, 04/08/30-09/01

  ANTS
  2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
  Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,
  04/09/05-08

  Dynamic
  Ontology,
An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
  and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,
  04/09/08-11

  9th
  Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
  (ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15

  Neuroeconomics 2004, Charleston, SC, 04/09/16-19

  TNew Economic Windows 2004: Complexity Hints for Economic Policy, Salerno,
Italy, 04/09/16-18

  The
Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18

  The
  8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
  (PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22

  The
  Nonlinear Waves in Fluids: Recent Advances and Modern Applications, Udine,
Italy, 04/09/18-22

  XVII Brazilian
  Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
  Brazil, 04/09/22-24

  3rd Natll Conf on Systems Science ,
Trento (Italy), 04/10/07-09

   TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15

  Intl Workshop On Bifurcations In Nonsmooth And Hybrid Dynamical Systems  ,
Milano (Italy), 04/10/21-22

  Wolfram
  Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
  04/10/21-23

  6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape,  Delft, The Netherlands,
04/10/25-27

   Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference ,  Rio de Janeiro,
04/11


ICDM '04: The Fourth IEEE Intl Conf on Data Mining, Brighton, UK, 04/11/01-04

Denaturing Darwin: International Conference on Evolution and Organization
, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 04/11/12-14


  The 7th Asia-Pacific Complex Systems Conference,  Queensland, Australia,
04/12/06-10

  17th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence,  Queensland,
Australia, 04/12/06-10

  Kondratieff Waves, Warfare And World Security, NATO Advanced Research
Workshop
, Covilh? Portugal, 05/02/14-17



  Powders & Grains 2005, Stuttgart, Germany, 05/06/18-22

  Workshop on Complexity and Policy Analysis, Cork, Ireland, 05/06/22-24


18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2005), Salamanca,
Spain, 05/09/19-23



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