ժ NO2004.12

Complexity Digest 2004.12

Archive: http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror: http://www.comdig.de Asian
http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code) "I think the
next century will be the
century of complexity." Stephen Hawking



01. Cultural Reflections, Nature
01.01. Making An Impact, Nature
01.02. An Embryonic Nation, Nature
02. Managing in Complex Business Networks, Industrial Marketing Management
02.01. Altruism May Arise from Individual Selection, arXiv
03. Three (Marginal?) Questions Regarding Convergence, J. Econ. Studies
03.01. Development And Freedom, J. Econ. Studies
04. Precociousness Has Its Rewards, Science Now
04.01. Work on Big Questions Yields Big Bucks, Science Now
05. Ancient Indians Made 'Rock Music', BBC News
06. Edge Vulnerability in Neural and Metabolic Networks, arXiv
07. Wireless Internet Stumbles Ahead, BBC News
08. Controlling Synchronization in an Ensemble of Globally Coupled
Oscillators, Physical Review
09. Seeing the World in the Same Way, Science
09.01. Intersubject Synchronization of Cortical Activity During Natural
Vision, Science
09.02. Hidden Neuronal Correlations in Cultured Networks, Physical Review
10. Dynamical Resetting Of The Human Brain: Application Of Nonlinear
Dynamics, Neural Sys. & Rehab.
Engg., IEEE Tran.
10.01. Are You Slow In Coordinating Your Thoughts?, ScienceDaily
10.02. Memories Are Harder To Forget Than Currently Thought, ScienceDaily
11. Rapid Population Decline In Red Knots: Fitness Consequences,
Alphagalileo & Proc. Biol. Sc.
12. No Moon, No Life On Earth, Suggests Theory, New Scientist
12.01. Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution, Science News
12.02. How The Moon Gave Life On Earth, Alphagalileo & New Scientist
13. Planetary Science: Secrets Of The Deep, Nature
13.01. Cause Of Uranus' And Neptune's Unusual Magnetic Fields, Nature
14. Hurricanes And Butterflies
14.01. British Butterflies Are Going, Going ..., Science Now
15. Quantum Information: Flight Of The Qubit, Nature
15.01. Characterizing Entanglement via Uncertainty Relations, Phys. Rev. Lett.
16. Stem Cells: More Like A Man, Nature
16.01. Adult Mammals May Produce Eggs After All, Science
16.02. Immune Cells Grown In A Dish, Nature Science update
16.03. Human Breasts Grown On Mice, Nature Science update
17. The Dynamic Life of Natural Killer Cells, Annual Review of Immunology
18. The Relevance of Chaos Theory to Operations, Australian Defense Force
18.01. Killing Iraq With Kindness, NYTimes
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
19.01. Political Impact of Al Qaeda, NPR
19.02. Clinton Aides Plan to Tell Panel of Warning Bush Team on Qaeda, NY Times
19.03. Experts Fear Terrorists Are Seeking Fuel-Air Bombs, New Scientist
19.04. Defusing Fertiliser May Make Bomb-Building Harder, New Scientist
19.05. Weak on Terror, NY Times
19.06. Al Qaeda's Wish List, NY Times
19.07. A Leaner, Meaner Jihad, NY Times
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
20.03.01. Strategic Thinking in a Complex World, Smithsonian Resident
Associates Program


01. Cultural Reflections , Nature

Expert: The confucian tradition of respecting customs and hierarchy has
cast a long shadow over
modern China. Authoritarian rule and political conformity in the past
decades have hampered the
creation of an environment that fosters individual creativity. Deference to
authority and to
existing paradigms is a major barrier to scientific breakthrough.

Science education in China is extensive and rigorous, (...). But it takes
more than this to
cultivate scientists; students should be inspired to pursue knowledge
itself, and a habit of
raising questions needs to be fostered.

* Cultural Reflections, Mu-Ming Poo , 04/03/11, DOI: 10.1038/428204a,
Nature 428, 204 - 205


01.01. Making An Impact , Nature

Expert: Currently, only a small number of universities have adopted
teaching methods similar to
those in the United States and Britain, where students are encouraged to
think critically and
creatively. The majority of the universities and graduate schools in China
place more emphasis on
memorizing and accepting facts than on thinking innovatively and asking
questions. (...)
The system for evaluating research proposals and distribution of funds in
China also needs
substantial improvement. (...)
There is a popular saying: "Small grants, big review; medium grants, small
review; big grants, no

* Making An Impact, Ray Wu , 04/03/11, DOI: 10.1038/428206a, Nature 428,
206 - 207


01.02. An Embryonic Nation , Nature

Expert: China has a cultural environment with fewer moral objections to the
use of embryonic stem
cells than many Western countries, and, if it can provide a supportive
funding and academic
environment, it could take a leading role in this field. These technologies
offer unprecedented
research and commercialization opportunities for China.
(...) offers a fresh approach to agriculture through the cloning of ite
bulls or racehorses, as
well as to the cloning of endangered species.(...)

China has probably the most liberal environment for embryo research in the
world (...).

* An Embryonic Nation, Xiangzhong Yang , 04/03/11, DOI: 10.1038/428210a,
Nature 428, 210 - 212


02. Managing in Complex Business Networks , Industrial Marketing Management

Abstract: For many years, research and management thinking has focused on
understanding business
relationships and networks. Now, the focus is shifting to managing business
relationships and
networks. This new approach focus poses two questions. Since networks are
loosely coupled systems,
to what extent are business networks manageable? Furthermore, how can a
firm's ability to manage a
network be characterized and measured? This paper addresses these two
questions by synthesizing the
current state of knowledge on management issues in networks and the
contribution to managerial
abilities in complex relationships. The discussion leads to a set of
propositions describing the
abilities firms will need to successfully manage complex business networks.

* Managing in Complex Business Networks, Thomas Ritter , Ian F. Wilkinson ,
Wesley J. Johnston ,
2004-04, DOI: 10.1016/j.indmarman.2003.10.016, Industrial Marketing
Management 33(3):175-183
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


02.01. Altruism May Arise from Individual Selection , arXiv

Abstract: The fact that humans cooperate with non-kin in large groups, or
with people they will
never meet again, is a long-standing evolutionary puzzle with profound
implications. Cooperation is
linked to altruism, the capacity to perform costly acts that confer
benefits on others. Theoretical
approaches had so far disregarded costly acts that do not yield future
benefits for the altruist,
either directly or indirectly. Recently, strong reciprocity, i.e., the
predisposition to cooperate
with others and to punish non-cooperators at personal cost, has been
proposed as a schema for
understanding altruism in humans. While behavioral experiments support the
existence of strong
reciprocity, its evolutionary origins remain unclear: group and cultural
selection are generally
invoked to compensate for the negative effects that reciprocity is assumed
to have on individuals.
Here we show, by means of an agent-based model inspired on the Ultimatum
Game, that selection
acting on individuals capable of other-regarding behavior can give rise to
strong reciprocity. The
results, consistent with the existence of neural correlates of fairness,
are in good agreement with
observations on humans and monkeys.

* Altruism May Arise from Individual Selection, Angel Sanchez , Jose A.
Cuesta , 2004-03-16, DOI:
q-bio.PE/0403023, arXiv
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


03. Three (Marginal?) Questions Regarding Convergence , J. Econ. Studies

Abstract: This paper focuses on three (marginal?) questions (...). Given
that the geographical
units of analysis are usually quite different in economic size, is the
weighting of economic units
relevant in convergence analysis? The average per capita income of a given
region, or country, is
the first moment in the distribution of income, but what about the second
moment, inequality, have
we converged in inequality? (...) does the adjustment for inequality make
important differences in
the evolution of average per capita income? The answer to the first two
questions is yes, but to
the third it is clearly no.

* Three (Marginal?) Questions Regarding Convergence, Goerlich F. J.  , Mas
M. , Feb. 2004, DOI:
10.1108/01443580410516242, Journal of Economic Studies
* Contributed by Pritha Das


03.01. Development And Freedom , J. Econ. Studies

Abstract: This paper is an attempt to understand how Amartya Sen's thinking
on development and
freedom has evolved from his critique of welfare economics and his concern
with underdevelopment
and poverty. Sen's contribution to the human development approach with its
emphasis on positive
freedom has also helped to provide a valuable counterweight to the dominant
free market approach.
However, some concerns are expressed that the approach does not give
sufficient attention to
long-run dynamics and that the conception of capability employed is not
helpful for the
understanding of development

* Development And Freedom, Prendergast R. , Feb. 2004, DOI:
10.1108/01443580410516251, Journal of
Economic Studies
* Contributed by Pritha Das


04. Precociousness Has Its Rewards , Science Now

Expert: Telomerase inhibitors, automata theory, and microchip construction
inspired this year's
winning projects at the Intel Science Talent Search. The top three winners
outshined 37 other
finalists to win college scholarships, with a first place prize of $100,000.

First place went to Herbert Mason Hedberg of North Attleboro,
Massachusetts, for his project on
telomerase inhibitors. Hedberg developed a novel method of analyzing the
molecules by UV absorbance
that takes just 10 minutes, as opposed to the days required for the
standard method.

* Precociousness Has Its Rewards, Kim Krieger , 04/03/17, Science Now


04.01. Work on Big Questions Yields Big Bucks , Science Now

Expert: The 64-year-old Ellis is a professor in the mathematics department
of the University of
Cape Town in South Africa. His work spans many areas of physics and
philosophy, including general
relativity, cosmology, and epistemology. His research includes such
theologically interesting
topics as whether the laws of physics had to be fine-tuned by a creator in
order for the universe
to be able to support life.(...)

"(...) his work about what you can deduce about the universe from what you
can see."

* Work on Big Questions Yields Big Bucks, Charles Seife , 04/03/17, Science Now


05. Ancient Indians Made 'Rock Music' , BBC News

Expert: The boulders which have small, groove-like impressions are called
"musical stones" by
locals. When struck with small granite rocks, these impressions emit deep,
"gong-like notes".

These boulders may have been an important part of formalised rituals by the
people who came there.

In some cultures, percussion plays a role in rituals that are intended for
shamen to communicate
with the supernatural world. The Antiquity work's author, Dr Nicole Boivin,
of the University of
Cambridge, UK, thinks this could be the purpose of the Kupgal stones.

* Ancient Indians Made 'Rock Music', 04/03/19, BBC News


06. Edge Vulnerability in Neural and Metabolic Networks , arXiv

Abstract: Biological networks, such as cellular metabolic pathways or
networks of corticocortical
connections in the brain, are intricately organized, yet remarkably robust
toward structural
damage. Whereas many studies have investigated specific aspects of
robustness, such as molecular
mechanisms of repair, this article focuses more generally on how local
structural features in
networks may give rise to their global stability. In many networks the
failure of single
connections may be more likely than the extinction of entire nodes, yet no
analysis of edge
importance (edge vulnerability) has been provided so far for biological
networks. We tested several
measures for identifying vulnerable edges and compared their prediction
performance in biological
and artificial networks. Among the tested measures, edge frequency in all
shortest paths of a
network yielded a particularly high correlation with vulnerability, and
identified inter-cluster
connections in biological but not in random and scale-free benchmark
networks. We discuss different
local and global network patterns and the edge vulnerability resulting from

* Edge Vulnerability in Neural and Metabolic Networks, Marcus Kaiser ,
Claus C. Hilgetag ,
2004-03-15, DOI: q-bio.NC/0403015, arXiv
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


07. Wireless Internet Stumbles Ahead , BBC News

Expert: Hotels are proving the most popular places for hotspots. According
to a survey from
research firm Jupiter, around 44% of hotspot sessions take part in hotels
compared to just 20% in
cafes and bars. While cities are getting the wireless bug, some individuals
are struggling to
understand the technology. (...) The Consumers' Association conducted a
survey last month and found
that wireless computing is baffling a lot of consumers.

* Wireless Internet Stumbles Ahead, 04/03/19, BBC News


08. Controlling Synchronization in an Ensemble of Globally Coupled
Oscillators , Physical Review

Abstract: We propose a technique to control coherent collective
oscillations in ensembles of
globally coupled units (self-sustained oscillators or maps). We demonstrate
numerically and
theoretically that a time delayed feedback in the mean field can, depending
on the parameters,
enhance or suppress the self-synchronization in the population. We discuss
possible applications of
the technique.

* Controlling Synchronization in an Ensemble of Globally Coupled
Oscillators, Michael G. Rosenblum
, Arkady S. Pikovsky , Published 04/03/19, DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.114102, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,


09. Seeing the World in the Same Way , Science

Excerpt: As you watch Clint Eastwood in the 1966 movie classic The Good,
the Bad, and the Ugly,
what is happening in your brain? Is what happens in your brain the same as
what happens in mine? Do
we all see the world in the same way? This is the central question posed by
Hasson et al. (1)  in
their brain imaging study reported on page 1634  of this issue.

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allows scientists to
noninvasively investigate the
organization of the human brain.

* Seeing the World in the Same Way, Luiz Pessoa , 04/03/12, Science 12
March 2004: 1617-1618


09.01. Intersubject Synchronization of Cortical Activity During Natural
Vision , Science

Excerpts: To what extent do all brains work alike (...)? We explored this
question by letting five
subjects freely view half an hour of a popular movie while undergoing
functional brain imaging.
Applying an unbiased analysis in which spatiotemporal activity patterns in
one brain were used to
"model" activity in another brain, we found a striking level of
voxel-by-voxel synchronization
between individuals, not only in primary and secondary visual and auditory
areas but also in
association cortices. The results reveal a surprising tendency of
individual brains to "tick
collectively" during natural vision.

* Intersubject Synchronization of Cortical Activity During Natural Vision,
Uri Hasson , Yuval Nir ,
Ifat Levy , Galit Fuhrmann , Rafael Malach , 04/03/12, DOI:
10.1126/science.1089506, Science 2004
303: 1634-1640. (in Research Articles)


09.02. Hidden Neuronal Correlations in Cultured Networks , Physical Review

Abstract: Utilization of a clustering algorithm on neuronal spatiotemporal
correlation matrices
recorded during a spontaneous activity of in vitro networks revealed the
existence of hidden
correlations: the sequence of synchronized bursting events (SBEs) is
composed of statistically
distinguishable subgroups each with its own distinct pattern of interneuron
correlations. These findings hint that each of the SBE subgroups can serve
as a template for
coding, storage, and retrieval of a specific information. c2004 The
American Physical Society

* Hidden Neuronal Correlations in Cultured Networks, Ronen Segev , Itay
Baruchi , Eyal Hulata ,
Eshel Ben-Jacob, , DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.118102, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,
118102 (2004)


10. Dynamical Resetting Of The Human Brain: Application Of Nonlinear
Dynamics , Neural Sys. &
Rehab. Engg., IEEE Tran.

Abstract: Epileptic seizures occur intermittently as a result of complex
dynamical interactions
among many regions of the brain. By applying signal processing techniques
from the theory of
nonlinear dynamics (...) we present evidence that epileptic seizures appear
to serve as dynamical
resetting mechanisms of the brain, that is the dynamically entrained brain
areas before seizures
disentrain faster and more frequently at epileptic seizures than any other
periods. We expect these
results to shed light into the mechanisms of epileptogenesis, seizure
intervention and control, as
well as into (...) spatiotemporal state transitions in other complex
biological and physical

* Dynamical Resetting Of The Human Brain At Epileptic Seizures: Application
Of Nonlinear Dynamics
And Global Optimization Techniques, Iasemidis L. D.  , Shiau D.-S.  ,
Sackellares J. C.  , Pardalos
P. M.  , Prasad A. , Mar. 2004, Neural Systems and Rehabilitation
Engineering, IEEE Transactions
* Contributed by Atin Das


10.01. Are You Slow In Coordinating Your Thoughts? , ScienceDaily

Excerpts: Many complex systems are composed of a large number of similar
units that are connected
in a complicated manner. An important example is provided by neural
networks where nerve cells in
the brain communicate by exchanging pulses via synaptic connections. (...)
grow synaptic
connections in a highly specific but irregular fashion. In such systems, a
particular question is
how rapid coordination, e.g. synchronization, between units of a complex
network can be achieved.
(...) theory of random matrices can also be applied to the dynamic
evolution of complex networks.
(...) derived mathematical expressions which precisely determined how fast
neurons can coordinate
their activity (...).

* Are You Slow In Coordinating Your Thoughts?, 2004/03/15, ScienceDaily &
Max Planck Society
* Contributed by Atin Das


10.02. Memories Are Harder To Forget Than Currently Thought , ScienceDaily

Excerpts: While it might not seem so the next time you go searching for
your car keys, scientists
at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that memories are not as fluid
as current research
suggests. Their findings challenge the prevailing notion on how memories
are stored and remembered
- or that a recalled memory could be altered (...). "We show that the act
of retrieving an old
memory and then putting it back into storage is a different process than
creating a memory in the
first place. Unfortunately, it could mean that 'erasing' traumatic memories
is not as simple as one
might hope."

* Memories Are Harder To Forget Than Currently Thought, 2004/03/16,
ScienceDaily & University Of
* Contributed by Atin Das


11. Rapid Population Decline In Red Knots: Fitness Consequences ,
Alphagalileo & Proc. Biol. Sc.

Abstract: Red knots wintering in Tierra del Fuego undertake marathon 30,000
km hemispheric
migrations annually. Like commercial aircraft, spring migrants stop and
refuel at a few key sites
along the route. At the last site in Delaware Bay birds forage on horseshoe
crab eggs, doubling
their body mass in about two weeks. Catches of banded birds showed that in
1997-2002 an increasing
proportion of knots failed to reach optimal departure masses because of
food shortage from
over-harvesting of crabs and late arrival of many birds in the bay.
Consequently, (...) population
declined alarmingly from 53,000 to 27,000 in 2000-2002 (...).

* Rapid Population Decline In Red Knots: Fitness Consequences Of Decreased
Refuelling Rates And
Late Arrival In Delaware Bay, A. Baker  , P. M. Gonz ez  , T. Piersma  , L.
J. Niles  , I de L. S.
do Nascimento  , P. W. Atkinson  , N. A. Clark  , C. D. T. Minton  , M.
Peck  , G. Aarts ,
2004/03/16, Alphagalileo & Proceedings Biological Sciences
* Contributed by Atin Das


12. No Moon, No Life On Earth, Suggests Theory , New Scientist

Excerpts: Without the Moon, there would have been no life on Earth.

Four billion years ago, when life began, the Moon orbited much closer to us
than it does now,
causing massive tides to ebb and flow every few hours. These tides caused
dramatic fluctuations in
salinity around coastlines which could have driven the evolution of early
DNA-like biomolecules.
This hypothesis, which is the work of Richard Lathe, a molecular biologist
at Pieta Research in
Edinburgh, UK, also suggests that life could not have begun on Mars.

* No Moon, No Life On Earth, Suggests Theory, 04/03/19, New Scientist


12.01. Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution , Science News

Abstract: Mobile elements within genomes have driven genome evolution in
diverse ways. Particularly
in plants and mammals, retrotransposons have accumulated to constitute a
large fraction of the
genome and have shaped both genes and the entire genome. Although the host
can often control their
numbers, massive expansions of retrotransposons have been tolerated during
evolution. Now mobile
elements are becoming useful tools for learning more about genome evolution
and gene function.

* Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution, Haig H. Kazazian, Jr. ,
04/03/12, DOI:
10.1126/science.1089670, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 11, 04/03/13


12.02. How The Moon Gave Life On Earth , Alphagalileo & New Scientist

Excerpts: Without the moon, there would have been no life on Earth. Four
billion years ago, when
life began, the moon orbited much closer to us than it does now, causing
massive tides to ebb and
flow every few hours. These tides caused dramatic fluctuations in salinity
around coastlines which
could have driven the evolution of early DNA-like biomolecules. This
hypothesis (...) also suggests
that life could not have begun on Mars. Most researchers agree that the
moon formed 5 billion years
ago from debris blasted off Earth in a giant impact. That, plus the Earth's
much more rapid
rotation, led to tidal (...).

* How The Moon Gave Life On Earth, C. Bowles claire.bowles@rbi.co.uk ,
2004/03/17, Alphagalileo &
New Scientist
* Contributed by Atin Das


13. Planetary Science: Secrets Of The Deep , Nature

Excerpts: For Earth-like planets, convective motions are typically modelled
in a thick rotating
shell of electrically conducting fluid. (...)
But such models are largely unable to capture the complexities of the
magnetic fields of Uranus and
Neptune. The measurements made by Voyager 2 around these planets revealed
that their fields are not
predominantly dipolar (like a bar magnet), but also have a quadrupole
component (as though produced
by a combination of two bar magnets, with two north and two south poles).

* Planetary Science: Secrets Of The Deep, Jonathan Aurnou , 04/03/11, DOI:
10.1038/428134a, Nature
428, 134 - 135


13.01. Cause Of Uranus' And Neptune's Unusual Magnetic Fields , Nature

Excerpt: The discovery of Uranus' and Neptune's non-dipolar,
non-axisymmetric magnetic fields
destroyed the picture stablished by Earth, Jupiter and Saturn hat planetary
magnetic fields are
dominated by axial dipoles. Although various explanations for these unusual
fields have been
proposed, the cause of such field morphologies remains unexplained.
Planetary magnetic fields are
generated by complex fluid motions in electrically conducting regions of
the planets (a process
known as dynamo action), and so are intimately linked to the structure and
evolution of planetary

* Cause Of Uranus' And Neptune's Unusual Magnetic Fields, Sabine Stanley ,
Jeremy Bloxham ,
04/03/11, DOI: 10.1038/nature02376, Nature 428, 151 - 153


14. Hurricanes And Butterflies

Excerpt: Chaotic systems can be characterized by the swirling patterns of
'strange attractors'. A
powerful method to determine their behaviour has been validated for the
most famous case, the
Lorenz attractor.

(...) developed a powerful new method to determine from experimental
observation of a system
whether it is chaotic, and, if it is, what the precise quantitative nature
of that chaos is. Their
method is based on fractal geometry. Fractals are structures or curves that
remain rough or
heterogeneous on all length scales and are characterized by their 'fractal

* Hurricanes And Butterflies, Thomas C. Halsey ,  Mogens H. Jensen ,
04/03/11, DOI:
10.1038/428127a, Nature 428, 127 - 128


14.01. British Butterflies Are Going, Going ... , Science Now

Expert: A comparison of changes in bird, butterfly, and plant populations
(...) suggests that,
contrary to current thinking, unglamorous species may be disappearing even
more rapidly than other

For decades, biologists have struggled to determine humans' impact on the
flora and fauna around
them. Insects and other invertebrates are so plentiful and cryptic that
it's been hard to get a
handle on their numbers or calculate the toll. Thus these researchers have
used birds and mammals
to monitor biodiversity, without many data to suggest this was the right

* British Butterflies Are Going, Going ..., Elizabeth Pennisi  , 04/03/18,
Science Now


15. Quantum Information: Flight Of The Qubit , Nature

Excerpts: A trapped ion emits a photon. Ion and photon are entangled, so
the photon carries away
information on the state of the ion. Now realized, this system could become
a communication link in
a quantum network.

(...) It could also efficiently model processes that are excessively
difficult to model using
existing technology. (...) progress has been made in the past few years. It
is now widely
acknowledged that one of the most promising systems for quantum computation
is an array of ions,
trapped and controlled inside an electric field.

* Quantum Information: Flight Of The Qubit, Eugene Polzik , 04/03/11, DOI:
10.1038/428129a, Nature
428, 129 - 130


15.01. Characterizing Entanglement via Uncertainty Relations , Phys. Rev. Lett.

Expert: We derive a family of necessary separability criteria for
finite-dimensional systems based
on inequalities for variances of observables. We show that every pure
bipartite entangled state
violates some of these inequalities. Furthermore, a family of bound
entangled states and true
multipartite entangled states can be detected. The inequalities also allow
us to distinguish
between different classes of true tripartite entanglement for qubits. We
formulate an equivalent
criterion in terms of covariance matrices. This allows us to apply criteria
known from the regime
of continuous variables to finite-dimensional systems

* Characterizing Entanglement via Uncertainty Relations, Otfried Guhne ,
04/03/18, Phys. Rev. Lett.
92, 117903 (2004)


16. Stem Cells: More Like A Man , Nature

Excerpts: Most female mammals experience a reproductive decline with
increased age, previously
attributed to the instability of ageing oocytes. But could it be due to a
previously unrecognized
stem-cell well drying up?

Why can't a woman be more like a man? Male mammals generally can reproduce
throughout most of their
adult lives by continuously generating sperm precursors from germline stem
cells maintained within
the testis. In contrast, most mammalian females show a reproductive decline
as they get older.
Females of the few species that remain fertile throughout life, (...).

* Stem Cells: More Like A Man, Allan C. Spradling , 04/03/11, DOI:
10.1038/428133b, Nature 428, 133
- 134


16.01. Adult Mammals May Produce Eggs After All , Science

Excerpts: A baffling inconsistency in a Boston lab is threatening to
overturn a dogma of
reproductive biology: that female mammals produce no new eggs after birth.
A series of studies on
mice has prompted a flabbergasted team of biologists to conclude that mouse
ovaries harbor a
previously undiscovered type of stem cell that can form new eggs through
adulthood. The finding has
far-flung implications, touching on everything from fertility and aging to
the childbearing
capacities of young cancer patients.

* Adult Mammals May Produce Eggs After All, Jennifer Couzin , 04/03/12,
Science : 1593


16.02. Immune Cells Grown In A Dish , Nature Science update

Expert:      T cells swallow up infected or cancerous cells.
  c SPL
cientists have found a way to grow a bountiful supply of disease-fighting
cells that might one day
boost therapy for cancer and HIV.

The cells, called T cells, normally patrol the body and swallow up infected
or cancerous cells. But
chemo- or radiotherapy, and the HIV virus, destroy them.

Now a Canadian team have grown potentially limitless T cells in the
laboratory. "We're very
excited," says immunologist Juan Carlos Z iga-Pfl ker of the University of

* Immune Cells Grown In A Dish, Helen Pearson , 04/03/22, Nature Science update


16.03. Human Breasts Grown On Mice , Nature Science update

Expert:      Healthy human fibroblast tissue from a mouse.
  c PNAS
Researchers commonly use genetically engineered mice to study cancer, but
the animal disease
differs slightly from the human one. So researchers have sought to
transplant human breast tissue
into mice to make a better model.(...)

The cells grow into human-like breast tissues, complete with milk ducts.
Unlike human breasts,
however, the mice's growths sit flush to the chest. Humans are unusual in
this respect, says Daniel
Medina who studies breast cancer(...).
He is not sure how it works, but it may provoke an inflammatory response (...).

* Human Breasts Grown On Mice, Helen Pearson , 04/03/23, Nature Science update


17. The Dynamic Life of Natural Killer Cells , Annual Review of Immunology

Abstract: Natural killer (NK) cells play important roles in immunological
processes, including
early defense against viral infections. This review provides an overview of
the dynamic in vivo
life of NK cells from their development in the bone marrow to their mature
peripheral responses and
their ultimate demise, with particular emphasis on mouse NK cells and viral

* The Dynamic Life of Natural Killer Cells, Wayne M. Yokoyama, Sungjin Kim,
Anthony R. French ,
Annual Review of Immunology; Volume 22, Page 405 - 429


18. The Relevance of Chaos Theory to Operations , Australian Defense Force

Excerpt: From Sun Tzu to the Fundamentals of Land Warfare (LWD1), warfare
and combat have been
described as chaos. If war is chaos can we use Chaos Theory to help
understand its dynamics?  (...)
Chaos Theory as a means of describing the underlying order in seemingly
disordered dynamic systems.
The result of applying Chaos Theory to Systems Theory has been the
emergence of Complexity Theory,
which describes the workings of dynamic human systems. The insights from
these theories have posed
challenges to the traditional linear model of Western thought. 1

* The Relevance of Chaos Theory to Operations, Anton Kuruc ,  Australian
Defense Force Journal,
162, 03/09-10


18.01. Killing Iraq With Kindness , NYTimes

Excerpts: (...) troops are not there to impose American values or even
Western values, but
"universal" ones. The underlying assumption is that the United States
itself represents these
universal values, (...).

Some might question whether America is as shining an example of these good
things as is often
claimed. Nonetheless, spreading them around is certainly a more appealing
policy than propping up
"our" dictators in the name of realpolitik. Still, history shows that the
forceful imposition of
even decent ideas in the claim of universalism tends to backfire ?creating
not converts but
enemies (...).

* Killing Iraq With Kindness, Ian Buruma , 04/03/17, NYTimes


19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks



19.01. Political Impact of Al Qaeda , NPR

Expert: Senior news analyst NPR's Daniel Schorr says that terrorist
bombings in Madrid and the
surprise outcome of the Spanish election may spur more countries in Europe
to re-evaluate their
relationship with the United States.

* Political Impact of Al Qaeda, NPR ATC 04/03/15


19.02. Clinton Aides Plan to Tell Panel of Warning Bush Team on Qaeda , NY

Expert: What is at issue, Clinton administration officials say, is whether
their Bush
administration counterparts acted on the warnings, and how quickly. The
Clinton administration
witnesses say they will offer details of the policy recommendations they
made to the incoming Bush
aides, but they would not discuss those details before the hearing.

"Until 9/11, counterterrorism was a very secondary issue at the Bush White
House," (...). "Remember
those first months? The White House was focused on tax cuts, not terrorism.
We saw the budgets for
counterterrorism programs being cut."

* Clinton Aides Plan to Tell Panel of Warning Bush Team on Qaeda, Philip
Shenon , 03/03/20, NY


19.03. Experts Fear Terrorists Are Seeking Fuel-Air Bombs , New Scientist

Excerpts: Some experts fear that terrorists are trying to develop
thermobaric and fuel-air bombs
which can be even more devastating than conventional devices.(...)

The devices use a small charge to generate a cloud of explosive mixed with
air. The main explosion
is then detonated by a second charge (a fuel-air explosion), or by the
explosive reacting
spontaneously with air (a thermobaric explosion). The resulting shock wave
is not as strong as a
conventional blast, but it can do more damage as it is more sustained (...).

* Experts Fear Terrorists Are Seeking Fuel-Air Bombs, David Hambling ,
04/03/21, New Scientist


19.04. Defusing Fertiliser May Make Bomb-Building Harder , New Scientist

Excerpts: Millions of tonnes of ammonium nitrate are produced each year for
use as a fertiliser.
Mining companies turn small quantities into an explosive by mixing the
chemical with fuel oil.
While it is not necessarily easy for would-be bombers to do this with
fertiliser-grade ammonium
nitrate, it is not impossible.

Now Speciality Fertilizer Products, (...), is patenting a water-soluble
polymer coating for the
fertiliser granules that repels fuel oil. The coating dissolves rapidly in
soil, so it would not
interfere with ammonium nitrate's main function as fertiliser.

* Defusing Fertiliser May Make Bomb-Building Harder, Anil Ananthaswamy ,
04/03/19, New Scientist


19.05. Weak on Terror , NY Times

Abstract: Paul Krugman Op-Ed column scores Pres Bush for his reluctance to
focus on terrorists who
actually attacked America and their backers in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan;
says Bush's reluctance to
commit sufficient forces in Afghanistan allowed Osama bin Laden to escape
and Al Qaeda to regroup;
says focus on Iraq and Pres Saddam Hussein shifted precious resources from
terrorism; says actual
Bush record is one of indulgence toward regimes that are strongly
implicated in terrorism and of
focusing on threats only when forced to by events.

* Weak on Terror, Paul Krugman , 04/03/16, NYTmes


19.06. Al Qaeda's Wish List , NY Times

Abstract: David Brooks Op-Ed column suggests Spanish electorate's rejection
of Popular Party's
policies on terrorism and war in Iraq is inexcusable course reversal; says
it gives terrorists idea
that their methods work, making world more dangerous place for all; says it
leads way for more
election-eve massacres; predicts rift between US and Europe will now grow
wider; calls attack
watershed event that will change how Al Qaeda views world and that it will
constrain American
policy for years to come.

* Al Qaeda's Wish List, David Brooks , 04/03/16, NYTmes


19.07. A Leaner, Meaner Jihad , NY Times

Excerpts: (...) [Al Qaeda is] set of largely autonomous groups and cells
pursuing their own
regional aims and claiming to represent Al Qaeda; says death or capture of
Osama bin Laden is
unlikely to prove decisive because war in Iraq has energized so many
disparate groups that global
terrorism will carry on without him; says traditional approaches will not
be useful against
terrorism and will only add to popular support of jihad movement; suggests
mimicking tactics of
enemy using missions by smaller, mobile military units that can quickly
descend on terrorist groups

* A Leaner, Meaner Jihad, Scott Atran , 04/03/16, NYTmes


20. Links & Snippets



20.01. Other Publications


- Self Organized Scale-Free Networks from Merging and Regeneration, Beom
Jun Kim , Ala Trusina ,
Petter Minnhagen , Kim Sneppen , 2004-03-05, arXiv, DOI: nlin.AO/0403006
- Mathematical Structure of Evolutionary Theory, P. Ao , 2004-03-15, arXiv,
DOI: q-bio.QM/0403020
- What Should a Statistical Mechanics Satisfy to Reflect Nature?,
Constantino Tsallis , 2004-02-28,
arXiv, DOI: cond-mat/0403012
- Adaptive Software For Head-Operated Computer Controls, LoPresti E. F.  ,
Brienza D. M. , Mar.
2004, Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions
- Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff During Performance Of A Tracking Task Without
Visual Feedback,
Sribunruangrit N.  , Marque C.  , Lenay C.  , Hanneton S.  , Gapenne O.  ,
Vanhoutte C. , Mar.
2004, Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions
- State-Dependent Effects Of Na Channel Noise On Neuronal Burst Generation,
Rowat P. F.
prowat@ucsd.edu , Elson R. C. , Mar. 2004, Journal of Computational
Neuroscience, DOI:
- Optimization Of Input Patterns And Neuronal Properties To Evoke Motor
Neuron Synchronization,
Taylor A. M. roger.enoka@colorado.edu , Enoka R. M. , Mar. 2004, Journal of
Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1023/B:JCNS.0000014107.16610.2e
- Functional Parcellation Of Attentional Control Regions Of The Brain,
Woldorff M. G.  , Hazlett C.
J.  , Fichtenholtz H. M.  , Weissman D. H.  , Dale A. M.  , Song A. W. ,
Jan. 2004, Journal of
Cognitive Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1162/089892904322755638
- Separable Routes To Human Memory Formation: Dissociating Task And
Material Contributions In The
Prefrontal Cortex, Wig G. S.  , Miller M. B.  , Kingstone A.  , Kelley W.
M. , Jan. 2004, Journal
of Cognitive Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1162/089892904322755629
- What Biogeography Is: A Place For Process, McDowall R. M. , Mar. 2004,
Journal of Biogeography,
DOI: 10.1046/j.0305-0270.2003.01020.x
- Extinction And Biogeography In The Caribbean: New Evidence From A Fossil
Riodinid Butterfly In
Dominican Amber, J. P. W. Hall  , R. K. Robbins  , D. J. Harvey ,
2004/03/16, Alphagalileo &
Proceedings Biological Sciences
- True Randomness Upon Request, B. Chopard Bastien.Chopard@cui.unige.ch ,
2004/03/17, Alphagalileo
- Scientists Discover Why Not Enough Choline Results In Fewer Brain Cells,
Poorer Memory,
2004/03/18, ScienceDaily & University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill
- Prototype System Developed By Wright State Computer Engineer Allows Blind
To 'See', 2004/03/19,
ScienceDaily & Wright State University
- The Less-Volatile U.S. Economy: A Bayesian Investigation Of Timing,
Breadth, And Potential
Explanations, Kim C.-J.  , Nelson C. R.  , Piger J. , Jan. 2004, Journal of
Business & Economic
Statistics, DOI: 10.1198/073500103288619412
- Are Long-Distance Migrant Passerines Faithful To Their Stopover Sites?,
Catry P.  , Encarna o V.
  , Ara o A.  , Fearon P.  , Fearon A.  , Armelin M.  , Delaloye P. , Mar.
2004, Journal of Avian
Biology, DOI: 10.1111/j.0908-8857.2004.03112.x
- Optimal Defence Theory And Flower Petal Colour Predict Variation In The
Secondary Chemistry Of
Wild Radish, Strauss S. Y.  , Irwin R. E.  , Lambrix V. M. , Feb. 2004,
Journal of Ecology, DOI:
- Reduced Reproductive Success In Small Populations Of The
Self-Incompatible Primula Vulgaris, Brys
R.  , Jacquemyn H.  , Endels P.  , van Rossum F.  , Hermy M.  , Triest
L.  , De Bruyn L.  , Blust
G. D.E. , Feb. 2004, Journal of Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2004.00843.x
- Agencies Urge Internet Wiretaps, 04/03/17, NPR ATC, Law enforcement
agencies push to make sure
Voice over Internet phone service providers equip themselves to allow for
investigative wiretaps.
Providers have complained that the technology is too expensive. Privacy
advocates worry that
customers' privacy will be invaded. NPR's Larry Abramson reports.
- Faith-Science Study Nets Templeton Prize, 04/03/17, NPR ATC, Cosmologist
George Ellis, a South
African academic, wins the Templeton Prize, billed as the world's richest
annual award. Ellis won
the award for his study of the relationship between faith and science. The
prize, presented by the
John Templeton Foundation of Radnor, Pa, comes with a cash award of more
than $1.4 million. Hear
NPR's Robert Siegel and Ellis, NPR TOTN, 04/03/19
- Cholesterol and Heart Attack Risk, Paul Ridker , Steven Nissen ,
04/03/19, NPR TOTN, Confused by
cholesterol? Don't know your LDL from your HDL? In this hour, we'll take a
look at the latest heart
health news -- including two new studies suggesting that ultra-low "bad
cholesterol" can prevent
heart attacks. What role does inflammation play in heart attack risk?
- The Changing Amazon Rainforest, William Laurance , 04/03/19, NPR TOTN,
Deep in the Amazonian
rainforests, tree communities are changing and scientists say rising CO2
levels could be the cause.
- Human Origins Update, Svante Paabo , Tim White , 04/03/19, NPR TOTN, A
study out this week
bolsters the theory that Neanderthals didn't breed with early humans.
Another recent study suggests
a new branch on the family tree.
- Clinton Diplomat: Libya's WMD Decision Not Linked to Iraq, Robert Siegel
, Martin Indyk ,
04/03/19, NPR ATC, Martin Indyk, an assistant secretary of state during the
Clinton administration,
says Libya's decision to give up its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction
was not prompted by the
downfall of Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq, as claimed by the Bush
administration. Libya, he says,
offered to give up the weapons five years ago.
- Polish Leader: 'Misled' over Iraq WMD, 04/03/18, NPR ATC, The president
of Poland, a key U.S.
ally with a large troop commitment in Iraq, says he was misled by the
pre-war intelligence about
Iraq's weapons programs. President Aleksander Kwasniewski, who added that
he does not plan to
withdraw his country's troops, had not previously criticized the U.S.-led
coalition in Iraq. NPR's
Michele Kelemen reports.
- Scalia Defends Cheney Trip, Recusal Decision, 04/03/18, NPR ATC, Supreme
Court Justice Antonin
Scalia refuses to remove himself from a case involving his friend Vice
President Dick Cheney,
responding to a request by the Sierra Club. The high court will soon hear a
case testing whether
Cheney may keep certain records of his energy policy panel secret. Scalia
says a hunting trip taken
with Cheney did not cloud his impartiality. NPR's Nina Totenberg reports.
- Analysis: Politics and the Terror War, Robert Siegel , 04/03/17, NPR ATC,
NPR's Robert Siegel
talks with E.J. Dionne, a columnist for The Washington Post and senior
fellow at the Brookings
Institution, and David Brooks, columnist for The New York Times, in our
semi-regular political
roundtable. They discuss presidential politics in the aftermath of the
Madrid bombing.
- Al Qaeda Involvement in Madrid Bombing, 04/03/16, NPR ATC, NPR's Michele
Norris talks with
Jessica Stern, a lecturer at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government and
author of Terror in the
Name of God, about the bombings in Madrid, the al Qaeda connection, and the
current state of al
- Outsourcing: Economic Effect, 04/03/16, NPR ATC, NPR's Michele Norris
gets two economists' views
on the outsourcing phenomenon: Josh Bivens of the Economic Policy Institute
and Claude Barfield of
the American Enterprise Institute.
- Iraq Experiments with Direct Voting, 04/03/16, NPR ATC, The U.S.-led
occupation authority
organizes a series of municipal elections in one of Iraq's southern
provinces. Town councils are
being selected in 16 localities in the province in the largest attempt at
direction elections in
the country since the U.S. invasion. NPR's Ivan Watson reports.
- Global change: An Earth on fire, Helmut Weissert , Stefano M. Bernasconi
, 04/03/11, Nature 428,
130 - 132, DOI: 10.1038/428130a
- Astrophysics: The Inconstant Constant?, Lennox L. Cowie , Antoinette
Songaila , 04/03/11, Nature
428, 132 - 133, DOI: 10.1038/428132a
- Vibration-Induced Granular Segregation: A Phenomenon Driven by Three
Mechanisms, D. A. Huerta  ,
J. C. Ruiz-Suarez , Published 18 March 2004
- A Grand Plan For Brainy Robots, Nick Dermody , 04/03/18, BBC News
- Robolympics Contestants Shoot For Gold, Helen Pearson,, , 04/03/18,
Nature Science update, First
all-round robotics competition kicks off in San Francisco.
- Tiny 'Elevator' Most Complex Nanomachine Yet, 04/03/18, NewScientist.com
- Mystery Of Milky Way's Gamma Rays Solved, 04/03/19, New Scientist
- Scrambled Dogma: Stem cells may make new eggs in women, 04/03/13, Science
News, Vol. 165, No. 11,
Scientists may have come up with a new explanation for how a woman's
biological clock works.
- Born to Heal, 04/03/13, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 11, The controversial
strategy of screening
embryos to produce donors for siblings raises hopes and presents new
ethical dilemmas.
- Hiding Behind the Constitution, William B. Rubenstein , Instead of asking
what kind of society we
want, our politicians argue about what our structure of government can permit.
- The first issue of a new international journal, Ecological Complexity was
just published
- Small RNAs No One Trick Pony, By binding to proteins, the molecules help
neural stem cells grow
- How Salmon See the World Anew, Maturing fish pump up their vision as they
move to the deep
- Sea Cucumber Explosion, The sea floor is crawling with holothurians--but why?
- No Neandertals in the Gene Pool, DNA analysis suggests female Neandertals
rarely bred with early
- Lightweight Dark Matter?, A controversial paper has ultralight particles
beating out WIMPs
- Taken for a Ride, Paul Krugman , In the world according to President
Bush's supporters, anyone
who demands accountability is on the side of the evildoers.
- Random Walks on Complex Networks, Jae Dong Noh , Heiko Rieger , Published
18 March 2004, Phys.
Rev. Lett. 92, 118701 (2004)
- Robots Battle To Be The Best, Clark Boyd , 04/03/20, BBC News
- The Terrorism Debate, THE RECENT wave of bloody terrorist bombings, from
Madrid to Baghdad,
underlines the special importance of the war on terrorism as an issue in
this year's...
- Book: Bush Mishandled Terror Threat, In the new book Against All Enemies,
Richard Clarke --
President Bush's former counter-terrorism coordinator -- says the president
disregarded his
warnings about the threat posed by al Qaeda prior to the Sept. 11 attacks,
and tried to push a link
to Iraq immediately after. Senior Bush administration officials vigorously
deny the allegations.
Hear NPR's Bob Edwards and NPR News Analyst Cokie Roberts.
- FOSE Reaches Past Cool Technology, Anitha Reddy, Washington Post Staff
Writer , Monday, March 22,
2004; Page E04, Trade Show's Aim Is to Help Complex Government Systems Work
- Measuring Child Well-Being: A New Index", Wednesday, March 24, 10:00am,
Falk Auditorium, The
Brookings Institution, in cooperation with the Foundation for Child
Development and Duke
University, will release a new index on the well-being of American
children. Based on nearly thirty
years of data from national surveys of seven "domains" of child
well-being--defined by factors
including mortality, poverty, and suicide rates; drug use; educational test
scores; health
insurance coverage; and crimes committed by children--the index contains
valuable information on
how children are faring now and how their status has changed in recent years.
- Talkative Future For Every Gadget, 04/03/21, BBC News
- Microbes, Molecules, and Marine Ecosystems, Farooq Azam  , Alexandra Z.
Worden , Science 12 March
2004: 1622-1624
- Climate Change: All Downhill From Here?, Kevin Krajick , Science 12 March
2004: 1600-1602
- Emerging Infectious Diseases:, Martin Enserink , Science 12 March 2004: 1605


20.02. Webcast Announcements

   Voices of Public Intellectuals Lecture Series: Democracy's Response to
the Terrorist Threat Now
in its fifth year, the Radcliffe Institute Voices of Public Intellectuals
lecture series brings
issues affecting civic life to a public forum. This year's series of three
lectures features
experts in the study of terrorism and the prosecution of terrorists to
explore the effects of
terrorism on democracy. These lectures take place in Cambridge on February
26, March 4, and March
11 at 4 p.m.  World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland   Riding the
Next Democratic Wave,
Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic Forum,
04/01/25  The Future of
Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan, Martin,
Schwab, World Economic
Forum, 04/01/25  Why Victory Against Terrorism Demands Shared Values  The
Process of Curricular
Review: Redefining a World-Class Education, Benedict Gross, Thomas Bender,
Harvard@home, 04/01/21,
Dean of Harvard College Benedict Gross discusses Harvard's first
comprehensive review of the
undergraduate curriculum in almost 3 decades. This program introduces the
process of curricular
review by presenting two segmented lectures. The first, by Dean Gross,
outlines the approach and
considerations in undertaking the current review. The second lecture,
presented by NYU Professor
Thomas Bender, presents a historical perspective on academic
culture.   Cancer Biology , NPR Talk
of the Nation, 04/01/16, How the spread of cancer is like wound healing
gone awry.   Tracking Ebola
, NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, A new study might help scientists
predict where Ebola may!
strike next.   Animal Thought and Communication, NPR Talk of the Nation,
04/01/16, How do animals
think and communicate with each other? And what can studying animals tell
us about the evolution of
language in humans? In this hour, NPR's Ira Flatow and guests look at
thought and communication in
apes, gorillas and monkeys. What can non-human primates tell us about
communication in humans?
CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And
Intelligent Systems, 2004
Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10 EVOLVABILITY & INTERACTION: Evolutionary
Substrates of
Communication, Signaling, and Perception in the Dynamics of Social
Complexity, London, UK,
03/10/08-10 The Semantic Web and Language Technology - Its Po tential and
Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08 ECAL 2003, 7th European Conference on
Artificial Life, Dortmund,
Germany, 03/09/14-17 New Santa Fe Institute President About His Vision for
SFI's Future Role,
(Video, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/04) SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and
Noise, Santa Fe, NM,
2003/06/01-04 NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains,
Video/Audio Report, 03/05/11
13th Ann Intl Conf, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life Sciences,
Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10
CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events
Dean LeBaron's Archive
of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998 Edge Videos


20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements

  Fractal 2004,
  "Complexity and Fractals in Nature", 8th Intl
  Multidisciplinary Conf, Vancouver, Canada, 04/04/04-07

  6th German Workshop on Artificial Life 2004 (GWAL-6), Bamberg, Germany,

  9th IEEE Intl Conf on Engineering of Complex Computer
  Systems, Florence, Italy, 04/04/14-16

  Complexity Science and the Exploration of the Emerging World, Austin, TX,

  Advanced Simulation Technologies Conference (ASTC'04),
  Arlington, VA., USA, 04/04/18-22

  (New Kind of Science) 2004 Conference and Minicourse,
  Boston, Massachusetts, 04/04/22-25

IDS'04 - Intentional Dynamic Systems Symposium, Memphis, TN, USA,  04/04/24-26

  New Horizons In Search Theory
, Newport, RI, 04/04/26-28

Human Systems Dynamics at Work: Complexity Tools for Today, Minneapolis,
Minnesota, 04/04/27-28

  Vulnerability and Network Failure: Constructions and Experiences
  of Emergencies, Crises and Collapse,  Manchester, UK,

What Really Matters ?The Global Forum 2004, Santa Fe, NM, 04/05/02-04

   International Conference on the Ontology of Spacetime,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 04/05/11-14

  International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2004),
  Boston, MA, USA, 04/05/16-21

  3rd Intl Conf on
  Systems Thinking in Management (ICSTM 2004) "Transforming
  Organizations to Achieve Sustainable Success",
  Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 04/05/19-21

4th Intl Conf on
Fractals And Dynamic Systems In Geoscience, München, Germany, 04/05/19-22

  Annual Workshop on Economics and Heterogeneous Interaction Agents
  (WEHIA04), Kyoto, Japan, 2004/05/27-29

  International Symposium on HIV & Emerging Infectious
  Diseases, Toulon, France, 04/06/03-05!

  Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,

  An Intl Tribute to Francisco Varela, Paris,04/06/18-20

Intl Conf on Linking Systems Thinking, Innovation,Quality, Entrepreneurship
and Environment
MARIBOR, SLOVENIA, 04/06/24-26

NAACSOS 2004, North American Association for Computational Social and
Organizational Science,
Pittsburgh PA, 04/06/27-29

Statphys - Kolkata V An International Conference on Complex Networks:
Structure, Function and
Processes , Kolkata, India, 04/06/27-30

ICAD 2004
10th International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia,

3rd Intl School Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics Discrete Dynamical Systems and
Applications , Urbino
(Italy), 04/07/07-09

  `Perspectives on Nonlinear Dynamics 2004 (PNLD-2004), Chennai, India,

  From Animals To Animats
  8, 8th Intl Conf On The Simulation Of Adaptive Behavior
  (SAB'04), Los Angeles, USA, 04/07/13-17

  14th Annual International Conference The Society for Chaos Theory in
Psychology & Life Sciences ,
Milwaukee, WI, USA, 04/07/15-18

Facing Complexity, Wellington, NZ, 04/07/15-17

  Interdisciplinary Colloquium, Security Bytes, Security/Life/Terror
, Lancaster, 04/07/17-19

  Gordon Research Conference on "Oscillations & Dynamic Instabilities In
Chemical Systems",
Lewiston, ME, 04/07/18-23

Intl Conf Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2004),
New York City,

Intl Workshop on: Trust in Agent Societies , New York City, 04/07/19-20

  World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
  Informatics, Orlando, Florida, USA, 04/07/18-21

  Summer Simulation MultiConference (SummerSim'04), San Jose
  Hyatt, San Jose, California, 04/07/25-29

  SME 2004 Symposium on Modeling
  and Control of Economic Systems , University in Redlands, CA, 04/01/28-31

  International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
  Canada, 04/08/02-06

   Fractals and Natural Hazards at
32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28

ICCC 2004, IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, ,
Vienna, Austria, 04/08/30-09/01

  2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
  Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,

An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
  and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,

  Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
  (ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15

Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18

  8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
  (PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22

  XVII Brazilian
  Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
  Brazil, 04/09/22-24

   TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15

  Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,

  6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape,  Delft, The Netherlands,

   Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference ,  Rio de Janeiro,


20.03.01. Strategic Thinking in a Complex World , Smithsonian Resident
Associates Program

Expert:     Recognizing the world as one vast interconnected system is
essential to understanding
the level of complexity in today's global environment.     This course is
designed to give you a
working knowledge of complexity science, and to show how to apply insights
from the new science to
your life and work, and to world events.

* Strategic Thinking in a Complex World, T. Irene Sanders , David Rejeski ,
Smithsonian Resident Associates Program

Complexity Digest is an independent publication available to organizations
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