Complexity Digest 2004.07 Feb. 17, 2004
http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code) "I think the next century will be the
century of complexity." Stephen Hawking
01. Solutions for the Adaptive Enterprise, HP.com
01.01. Managing in Complex Business Networks, Industrial Marketing Management
02. 'J- CHART' at Traders EXPO in New York, Yahoo Finance
03. Intelligent Advertising, AI & Society
04. Noise Management: Sound And Vision, Nature
05. Competition-Induced Preferential Attachment, arXiv
06. Intel Makes Light Work For Chips, BBC News
06.01. Living Machines, Wired
07. Slaves To Rhythm - Oscillations, Cycling And The Pace Of Life, The Biochemist
07.01. Central And Peripheral Oscillators In Mammals - A Guided Tour Through A Network Of Clocks,
08. Photosynthesis Inspires Molecular-Assembly Process, EE Times
08.01. Oxygen, NPR Audio
09. Life's Patterns: No Need to Spell It Out?, Science
09.01. Evolutionary Dynamics of Biological Games, Science
09.02. Turning Points Prisoners Of The Dilemma, Nature
09.03. Making Sense of a Heart Gone Wild, Science
09.04. Introductory Science and Mathematics Education for 21st-Century Biologists, Science
09.05. Inferring Cellular Networks Using Probabilistic Graphical Models, Science
10. The Brain's Word Act: Reading Verbs Revs Up Motor Cortex Areas, Science News
10.01. Ion Channels: Shake, Rattle Or Roll?, Nature
10.02. Soul Made Flesh Today On Fresh Air, NPR Audio
10.03. MIT Team Discovers Memory Mechanism, ScienceDaily
11. Cloned Human Embryos Yield Stem Cells, Nature
11.01. Scientists Claim Cloning Success, NY Times
11.02. Cloned Embryo, NPR Audio
12. Pigeons Take The Highway, Nature
12.01. Curious Mice Need Room To Run, Natue Science update
12.02. Talking To Bacteria, Natue Science update
13. Companies Hope Profits Run From Clean Water, NYTimes
14. Talking Simplicity, Building a Maze, NY Times
14.01. Four Ways That Conventional Wisdom Can Go Astray, NY Times
15. Halliburton Accused of Wasting Tax Money, NYTimes
15.01. Halliburton Likely to Be a Campaign Issue This Fall, NY Times
16. Freedom To Veto, Social Choice & Welfare
17. Human Insecurity In A Global World, Harvard Univ. Press
18. Mid-East 'Democracy' Plan Raises Questions, BBC News Online
18.01. How America Doesn't Vote, NYTimes
18.02. U.N. Envoy, Visiting Iraq, Backs Cleric on Elections, NY Times
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
19.01. A Tale of Nuclear Proliferation: How Pakistani Built His Network, NYTimes
19.02. Cuba Detentions May Last Years, NY Times
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
20.03.01. Strategic Thinking in a Complex World, Smithsonian Resident Associates Program
01. Solutions for the Adaptive Enterprise , HP.com
Excerpts: Adaptive Enterprise
What is it? It is business and IT synchronized to capitalize on change, allowing companies to
execute business decisions more quickly, broadly and easily than ever before. The Adaptive
Enterprise follows a few key design principles: simplify, standardize, modularize and integrate
Simplify: Reduce the number of IT elements in your network. Eliminate customization. Automate
change. Simplify everything and you are prepared for anything.
Integrate: Build a dynamic link between business and IT. Connect applications and processes inside
and out. Watch everything work together. And see change coming a mile away.
* Solutions for the Adaptive Enterprise, HP.com
Contributed by Dean LeBaron
01.01. Managing in Complex Business Networks , Industrial Marketing Management
Abstract: For many years, research and management thinking has focused on understanding business
relationships and networks. Now, the focus is shifting to managing business relationships and
networks. This new approach focus poses two questions. Since networks are loosely coupled systems,
to what extent are business networks manageable? Furthermore, how can a firm's ability to manage a
network be characterized and measured? This paper addresses these two questions by synthesizing the
current state of knowledge on management issues in networks and the contribution to managerial
abilities in complex relationships. The discussion leads to a set of propositions describing the
abilities firms will need to successfully manage complex business networks.
* Managing in Complex Business Networks, Thomas Ritter , Ian F. Wilkinson , Wesley J. Johnston ,
2004-01-14, DOI: 10.1016/j.indmarman.2003.10.016, Industrial Marketing Management, Article in
Press, Corrected Proof
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson
02. 'J- CHART' at Traders EXPO in New York , Yahoo Finance
J-Chart is applicable to all financial instruments including stocks,...
There has been no new ball game until the later part of the 20th century, Wall Street communities
began to utilize Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic or Chaos Theory with modern computers in searching
for ultimate solutions but nothing significant has been achieved either.
To solve the discrepancy of traditional analysis, ATMOL has overthrown the fixed time interval and
brings in a notion known as the kinetic equilibrium. Accordingly, J-Chart is able to avoid
Random-Walk's effects. Furthermore, J- Chart utilizes the Pair Production Phenomenon of Quantum
Physics as backbone (...).
* 'J- CHART' at Traders EXPO in New York, 03/02/13, Yahoo Finance, Contributed by DLB
03. Intelligent Advertising , AI & Society
Abstract: Digital media is getting smarter. Home electrical goods are getting smarter. This article
explores how one aspect of content is beginning to reflect this-digital advertising. It is becoming
increasingly important for advertisers to target consumers as individuals and in communities of
interest rather than by demographic. This article explores the impact of smart systems and
artificial intelligence (AI) on advertising and examines different approaches to creating
intelligent and smart content and how behaviour is fast becoming the guiding principle for new
* Intelligent Advertising, R. Adams firstname.lastname@example.org , online 2003/12/17, DOI:
10.1007/s00146-003-0259-9, AI & Society
* Contributed by Pritha Das
04. Noise Management: Sound And Vision , Nature
Excerpts: Computer simulations that paint Europe's cities in riotous color are at the core of a
bold plan to restore peace and quiet to a population driven to distraction by traffic noise.
I'm swooping down the boulevards of Paris in a virtual simulation of the city of light, where sound
levels are depicted as color. The deep blue roar of traffic washes along the streets, blazing
crimson against the base of adjacent buildings, (...) I'm exploring one of the world's first
three-dimensional (3D) computer maps of urban decibels —(...).
* Noise Management: Sound And Vision, Declan Butler , DOI: 10.1038/427480a, Nature 427, 480 - 481
(05 February 2004)
05. Competition-Induced Preferential Attachment , arXiv
Abstract: Models based on preferential attachment have had much success in reproducing the power
law degree distributions which seem ubiquitous in both natural and engineered systems. Here, rather
than assuming preferential attachment, we give an explanation of how it can arise from a more basic
underlying mechanism of competition between opposing forces.
We introduce a family of one-dimensional geometric growth models, constructed iteratively by
locally optimizing the tradeoffs between two competing metrics. This family admits an equivalent
description as a graph process with no reference to the underlying geometry. Moreover, the
resulting graph process is shown to be preferential attachment with an upper cutoff. We rigorously
determine the degree distribution for the family of random graph models, showing that it obeys a
power law up to a finite threshold and decays exponentially above this threshold.
We also introduce and rigorously analyze a generalized version of our graph process, with two
natural parameters, one corresponding to the cutoff and the other a ``fertility'' parameter.
Limiting cases of this process include the standard Barabasi-Albert preferential attachment model
and the uniform attachment model. In the general case, we prove that the process has a power law
degree distribution up to a cutoff, and establish monotonicity of the power as a function of the
* Competition-Induced Preferential Attachment, N. Berger , C. Borgs , J. T. Chayes , R. M. D'Souza
, R. D. Kleinberg , 2004-02-10, DOI: cond-mat/0402268, arXiv
* Contributed by Carlos Gershenson
06. Intel Makes Light Work For Chips , BBC News
Fast networks could get cheaper thanks to Intel
Silicon has become the material of choice for computer processors because it is cheap and because
electrons move through it in ways that can be easily controlled and do useful work.
Now Intel researchers have found a way to do make silicon do almost the same thing with light at
speeds almost 50 times faster than anyone has demonstrated before.
(...), Intel scientists Ansheng Liu and colleagues said they had built a silicon modulator that can
send a billion pulses of light a second down fibre-optic cables.
* Intel Makes Light Work For Chips, 04/02/12, BBC News
06.01. Living Machines , Wired
Excerpts: Technology and biology are converging fast. The result will transform everything from
engineering to art - and redefine life as we know it.(...)
The notion that the inorganic world is alive is as old as mythology; think of Poseidon, the Greek
personification of the sea. However, the tools available to examine life at its most essential -
DNA sequencing, bioinformatics, gene chips - are new. (...) It turns out that many of life's
properties - emergence, self-organization, reproduction, coevolution - show up in systems generally
regarded as nonliving.
* Living Machines, Christopher Meyer , Jason Lohn , Karl Jacob , Dick Morley , Shana Ting Lipton ,
Marco Dorigo , Avery Pennarun , 04/02, Wired, Issue 12.02
07. Slaves To Rhythm - Oscillations, Cycling And The Pace Of Life , The Biochemist
Abstract: Plants are generally rooted to the spot and have to make the best advantage of the
limited availability of sunlight, their most important resource. Not surprisingly, many aspects of
plant physiology and development are organised by an internal chronometer. This so-called
"circadian" clock imposes a 24-hour rhythm on molecular, biochemical and physiological processes in
tune with the environmental light-dark cycle.
* Slaves To Rhythm - Oscillations, Cycling And The Pace Of Life, F. Rudolf , F. Wehrle , D.
Staiger email@example.com , Feb. 2004, The Biochemist
* Contributed by Atin Das
07.01. Central And Peripheral Oscillators In Mammals - A Guided Tour Through A Network Of Clocks ,
Abstract: For decades, the circadian system of animals was viewed as a single or a few centralized
structures driving all overt physiological circadian rhythms. Recent data have questioned this view
and have revealed a much more complex and dynamic picture. We now know that circadian oscillators
are also present in many different tissues and constitute part of a hierarchical circadian system.
Here we describe this multi oscillator system that constitutes the basis for the variety of
* Central And Peripheral Oscillators In Mammals - A Guided Tour Through A Network Of Clocks, F.
Guillaumond , N. Cermakian firstname.lastname@example.org , Feb. 2004, The Biochemist
* Contributed by Atin Das
08. Photosynthesis Inspires Molecular-Assembly Process , EE Times
Excerpts: Nanotechnologists have recently succeeded in building molecular systems based on highly
efficient versions of the molecular "machine" that plants use to turn sunlight into energy.
For example, Sandia National Laboratory has developed a chemical system that creates a wide variety
of complex nanostructures from platinum. The system uses the porphyrin molecule, a protein
essential to photosynthesis, as a catalyst for depositing platinum on small organic structures
called lipids. It could lead to a light-driven source of hydrogen.
* Photosynthesis Inspires Molecular-Assembly Process, Chappell Brown,
, 04/02/12, EE Times
08.01. Oxygen , NPR Audio
Excerpts: It's in the air we breathe, the water we drink and the planet we inhabit: oxygen, the
most abundant element on Earth. In this hour, we're broadcasting from the annual meeting of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science, and we'll talk about oxygen -- from the story
of its discovery to new discoveries about the biology of oxygen. Plus, oxygen on stage.
* Oxygen, Bassam Shakhashiri , Mary Jo Nye , Carl Djerassi , Paul Wentworth Jr.
, 04/02/13, NPR TON
09. Life's Patterns: No Need to Spell It Out? , Science
Excerpts: Yet genes alone can't specify the shape and arrangement of all an organism's parts, says
Jacques Dumais, a biologist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. "There is not enough
information in the DNA to code for that," Dumais says. "As soon as you talk about something more
complicated than a virus, you can't do it."
Instead, the patterns of life must arise without detailed blueprints, just as an exquisitely
symmetrical snowflake emerges from the random collisions of water molecules in moist air.
A surprising resistance would be put up by sand grains hiding a buried treasure chest.
* Life's Patterns: No Need to Spell It Out?, Adrian Cho , Science Feb 6 2004: 782-783
09.01. Evolutionary Dynamics of Biological Games , Science
Abstract: Darwinian dynamics based on mutation and selection form the core of mathematical models
for adaptation and coevolution of biological populations. The evolutionary outcome is often not a
fitness-maximizing equilibrium but can include oscillations and chaos. For studying
frequency-dependent selection, game-theoretic arguments are more appropriate than optimization
algorithms. Replicator and adaptive dynamics describe short- and long-term evolution in phenotype
space and have found applications ranging from animal behavior and ecology to speciation,
macroevolution, and human language. Evolutionary game theory is an essential component of a
mathematical and computational approach to biology.
* Evolutionary Dynamics of Biological Games, Martin A. Nowak , Karl Sigmund
, 04/02/06, Science 2004 303: 793-799
09.02. Turning Points Prisoners Of The Dilemma , Nature
Excerpts: my thinking or approach to science has changed course. Far from a linear path, my
scientific career feels more like brownian motion, which is continuous everywhere, but
differentiable nowhere. There have been many turning points that have sent me off in new
directions, making me forget what I had been doing at the time.
I am no longer embarrassed to work on games. They are the generic description of evolutionary
interactions among genes, cells and people. Children love games. Scientific creativity is to never
* Turning Points Prisoners Of The Dilemma, Martin A. Nowak , 04/02/05, DOI: 10.1038/427491a,
Nature 427, 491 (05 February 2004)
09.03. Making Sense of a Heart Gone Wild , Science
Excerpts: For implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), the success rate exceeds 99%.
(External defibrillators, like the one used by the rescue squad, have a lower success rate,
primarily because they are not always applied in time.) It's a true medical miracle--and as befits
a miracle, no one can explain why it works. "We don't even know how the electric current goes into
the heart," says Gray. Nor does anyone really know how ventricular fibrillation gets started, or
why a big shock brings it to an end.
* Making Sense of a Heart Gone Wild, Dana Mackenzie , 04/02/06, Science 2004 303: 786-787
09.04. Introductory Science and Mathematics Education for 21st-Century Biologists , Science
Excerpts: Galileo wrote that "the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics"; his
quantitative approach to understanding the natural world arguably marks the beginning of modern
science. Nearly 400 years later, the fragmented teaching of science in our universities still
leaves biology outside the quantitative and mathematical culture (...). This strikes us as
particularly inopportune at a time when opportunities for quantitative thinking about biological
systems are exploding. We propose that a way out of this dilemma is a unified introductory science
* Introductory Science and Mathematics Education for 21st-Century Biologists, William Bialek ,
David Botstein, , 04/02/06, Science 2004 303: 788-790
09.05. Inferring Cellular Networks Using Probabilistic Graphical Models , Science
Abstract: High-throughput genome-wide molecular assays, which probe cellular networks from
different perspectives, have become central to molecular biology. Probabilistic graphical models
are useful for extracting meaningful biological insights from the resulting data sets. These models
provide a concise representation of complex cellular networks by composing simpler submodels.
Procedures based on well-understood principles for inferring such models from data facilitate a
model-based methodology for analysis and discovery. This methodology and its capabilities are
illustrated by several recent applications to gene expression data.
* Inferring Cellular Networks Using Probabilistic Graphical Models, Nir Friedman , 04/02/06,
Science : 799-805
10. The Brain's Word Act: Reading Verbs Revs Up Motor Cortex Areas , Science News
Excerpts: For more than 60 years, scientists have known that a strip of neural tissue that runs
ear-to-ear along the brain's surface orchestrates most voluntary movement, from raising a fork to
kicking a ball. A new brain-imaging study has revealed that parts of this so-called motor cortex
also respond vigorously as people do nothing more than silently read words.
Not just any words get those neurons going, however. They have to be action words ctive verbs.
(...) such as lick, pick, or kick he motor cortex areas that control the specified action exhibit
high rates of blood flow,(...)
* The Brain's Word Act: Reading Verbs Revs Up Motor Cortex Areas, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6,
* AUDIO - Audible
10.01. Ion Channels: Shake, Rattle Or Roll? , Nature
Excerpts: Nerve transmission depends on voltage-gated ion-channel proteins, which in turn depend on
the behaviour of a membrane domain called the voltage sensor. Therein lies the latest episode in a
The propagation of electrical signals in the nervous system endows animals with moment-to-moment
overall coherence. Without it, worms could not wriggle, flies could not find fruit, and we could
not read News and Views. Electrical impulses coursing down the nerve axon arise from a molecular
minuet in which ion-channel proteins deliver charged particles, Na+ and K+, across the nerve
* Ion Channels: Shake, Rattle Or Roll?, Robert O. Blaustein , Christopher Miller , DOI:
10.1038/427499a, Nature 427, 499 - 500 (05 February 2004)
10.02. Soul Made Flesh Today On Fresh Air , NPR Audio
Excerpts: Health and Science writer Carl Zimmer's new book is Soul Made Flesh: The Discovery of the
Brain-and How it Changed the World. It's about Thomas Willis, the scientist whose research on the
workings of the brain during the 17th century became the basis of modern neurology. Zimmer's work
appears regularly in The New York Times, National Geographic, Newsweek, Discover, Natural History,
and Science. He is also a John S. Guggenheim Fellow and received the Pan-American Health
Organization Award for Excellence in International Health Reporting.
* Soul Made Flesh Today On Fresh Air, Terry Gross , Carl Zimmer email@example.com , 04/02/09, NPR
10.03. MIT Team Discovers Memory Mechanism , ScienceDaily
Excerpts: MIT neuroscientists have discovered a new brain mechanism controlling the formation of
lasting memories. This mechanism explains how signals between neurons stimulate production of the
protein building blocks needed for long-term memory storage. Long-lasting memories are stored in
the brain through strengthening of the connections, or synapses, between neurons. Researchers have
known for many years that neurons must turn on the synthesis of new proteins for long-term memory
storage and synaptic strengthening to occur (...). "What we have discovered (...) is that there is
a direct activational signal from the synapse to the protein synthesis machinery,"
* MIT Team Discovers Memory Mechanism, 2004/02/09, ScienceDaily & Massachusetts Institute Of
* Contributed by Atin Das
11. Cloned Human Embryos Yield Stem Cells , Nature
Genetic material was injected into eggs that had their own DNA removed.
© W.S Hwang
The team used DNA from cumulus cells - a specialized type of cell that helps to nourish developing
eggs. This genetic material was injected into 242 empty eggs taken from 16 women, yielding a total
of 30 embryos.
In theory, such embryos could develop into human clones (...) But human cloning is illegal in many
countries, and Hwang's team was only interested in using these very early embryos for therapeutic
treatments. The embryos were allowed to divide in culture for just 5 to 6 days before being
* Cloned Human Embryos Yield Stem Cells, Helen R. Pilcher , 04/02/12, Nature
11.01. Scientists Claim Cloning Success , NY Times
Excerpts: "You now have the cookbook, you have a methodology that's publicly available," said Dr.
Robert Lanza, medical director of a company, Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Mass., that had
tried without success to do what the South Koreans did.
Although the paper, written in dense jargon and summarizing its findings by saying, "We report the
derivation of a pluripotent embryonic stem cell line (SCNT-hES-1) from a cloned human blastocyst,"
its import was immediately clear to researchers.
* Scientists Claim Cloning Success, Gina Kolata , 04/02/12, NYTimes
11.02. Cloned Embryo , NPR Audio
Excerpts: Scientists in South Korea say they have cloned a human embryo.
* Cloned Embryo, Ira Flatow , Donald Kennedy , 04/02/13, NPR Audio
12. Pigeons Take The Highway , Nature
Pigeons may use familar landmarks again and again.
Researchers may have discovered how pigeons find their way along familiar routes. Instead of
heading straight for their destination, they follow main roads, railways and rivers. (...)
Some of the birds that used landmarks did so again and again on separate occasions, says Guilford,
following a set path to theirloft. "One pigeon flies along the road to the first roundabout, takes
the third exit, goes along the dual carriageway to the next roundabout, then leaves the road and
goes cross-country," he says.
* Pigeons Take The Highway, Helen R. Pilcher , 04/02/10, Nature Science Update
12.01. Curious Mice Need Room To Run , Natue Science update
A plusher cage could lead to happier mice, and more reliable results.
Laboratory mice may need to satisfy their curiosity just as much as they need food and water,
according to a study of mouse behaviour. They'll even take antidepressants if they aren't given the
chance to run around and explore. (...)
Surprisingly, the amount of work the mouse was willing to put in was similar to the amount of work
that mice generally do to gain access to extra food and water.
It doesn't seem to matter how big the adjoining cage is, (...).
* Curious Mice Need Room To Run, Laura Nelson , 04/02/11
12.02. Talking To Bacteria , Natue Science update
Altered bacteria blink on and off like lightbulbs when doused with a chemical signal.
?Science Photo Library
Scientists have genetically engineered bacteria to 'talk' to each other in a new language1. The
achievement brings us one step closer to turning cells into tiny robots that we can control by
flooding them with chemicals.(...)
They started by stitching a 'module' of control genes into the genome of Escherichia coli bacteria
?(...) added a gene module to E. coli cells that made them blink on and off like light bulbs. The
genes did this by prompting the cells to make a light-emitting protein called GFP in regular
* Talking To Bacteria, Philip Ball
13. Companies Hope Profits Run From Clean Water , NYTimes
Tim Shaffer for The New York Times
The calcium scaling in a water cooling pipe is one example of the industrial casualties on display
in the lab's lobby.
If you still think the emphasis on water chemistry is overblown, confront the chamber of horrors on
display in the lobby of GE Infrastructure's main water-research lab (...). It holds a glassed-in
graveyard of corroded pipes, split joints and other industrial casualties, all results of bad water
flowing through manufacturing processes, cooling systems and the like.
In the bowels of the building, researchers are seeking ways to vaccinate industrial equipment
against just such diseases. "We don't want to just amputate corroded joints; we want to prevent the
* Companies Hope Profits Run From Clean Water, Claudia H. Deutsch , 04/02/15, NYTimes
14. Talking Simplicity, Building a Maze , NY Times
Excerpts: For decades, Congress has used the tax code to engineer social goals and hand out favors,
a trend that accelerated during the Clinton administration and became supercharged during the
administration of George W. Bush, which has introduced vast changes in such rapid-fire order that
not all the consequences are understood even by people who study tax policy. Three major tax bills
enacted in three years have vastly complicated the tax code, and a fourth Bush tax-cut bill is in
* Talking Simplicity, Building a Maze, David Cay Johnston , 04/02/15, NY Times
14.01. Four Ways That Conventional Wisdom Can Go Astray , NY Times
Excerpts: The I.R.S.'s pamphlets, like the one for business use of your home, are widely considered
to be accurate statements of the law, or, if there is any doubt about interpretation, of the I.R.S.
position on the law. But the information people get at the agency's walk-in advice centers does not
have nearly such a good reputation.
A report last month by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration, an independent agency
that oversees the I.R.S., found that agency employees correctly answered only 72 percent of the
* Four Ways That Conventional Wisdom Can Go Astray, Charles Delafuente , 04/02/15, NY Times
15. Halliburton Accused of Wasting Tax Money , NYTimes
Excerpts: Halliburton, which supplies military support services in Iraq and elsewhere, routinely
purchased items at higher prices from preferred suppliers, said Henry Bunting, who worked for the
company in Kuwait last year.
``There were frequent instructions by procurement supervisors and management to keep ...
requisitions under the $2,500 threshold to avoid competitive bidding,'' Bunting, of Houston, told
the Senate Democratic Policy Committee.
``Remember, this is a 'cost plus contract' so Halliburton would get reimbursed for its costs plus a
percentage,'' he said.
Editor's Note: Here it appears that the "fitness function" is an extreme example of a fitness
function representing the rule rivatize profits by maximizing the costs to the taxpayer?
* Halliburton Accused of Wasting Tax Money, 04/02/13, The Associated Press
15.01. Halliburton Likely to Be a Campaign Issue This Fall , NY Times
Excerpts: While Bill Dal Col, a Republican consultant, called Halliburton "a good rallying cry" for
Democrats that "will help with fund-raising," he added that "it doesn't really have any traction
with anyone who is not already opposed to the administration."
(...) Pentagon comptroller, Dov S. Zakheim said in Congressional testimony last week that
Halliburton was "doing their best to do the right thing."
In the advertisements, Dave Lesar, Halliburton's chief executive, said: "You've heard a lot about
Halliburton lately. Criticism is O.K. We can take it. Criticism is not failure."
* Halliburton Likely to Be a Campaign Issue This Fall, Joel Brinkley , 04/02/14, NYTimes
16. Freedom To Veto , Social Choice & Welfare
Abstract: (...) it has been assumed that being in a position to choose from more options is
preferred to having fewer options. Combining a dictator game (a no-choice situation for the
receiver) and an ultimatum game (the receiver can choose between two options) we investigated
whether receivers prefer to have some freedom of choice (...) even in the presence of monetary
incentives to choose otherwise. The experimental results show that a strong majority of players is
not willing to give up the option to veto without monetary incentives to do so. The higher the
monetary incentives the more players give up their veto power.
* Freedom To Veto, M. Ahlert firstname.lastname@example.org , A. Cr er , Feb. 2004, DOI:
10.1007/s00355-003-0273-3, Social Choice and Welfare
* Contributed by Pritha Das
17. Human Insecurity In A Global World , Harvard Univ. Press
Book Announcement: The decade of the 1990s witnessed enormous changes in the international
environment. And while globalization expanded opportunity, growth, and incomes, it increased
inequality of incomes and decreased human security. Moreover, as countries have become more closely
linked, insecurity in one country has affected security in other countries. This volume explores
the complex challenges that globalization poses for human security. Many of the challenges
described are already high on the agenda of the international community. By adding a human security
dimension to their analysis, these authors provide new insight into attempts to reduce our
vulnerability to the new forces unleashed by global changes.
* Human Insecurity In A Global World, L. C. Chen , S. F.-Parr , E. Seidensticker (Eds) , Mar.
2004, Harvard University Press
* Contributed by Atin Das
18. Mid-East 'Democracy' Plan Raises Questions , BBC News Online
Bush wants Iraq to mark the first step to Mid-East democracy
A plan by President Bush to make a ringing declaration about democracy in the Middle East at the G8
summit of industrialised nations in June is raising questions among some American allies.
They are concerned that it might sound as if the West is hectoring the Arab world and that other
initiatives along the same lines from the United Nations and the European Union are being
The American plan builds on the policies towards the development of democracy already laid out by
* Mid-East 'Democracy' Plan Raises Questions, Paul Reynolds
, 04/02/11, BBC News Online
18.01. How America Doesn't Vote , NYTimes
Excerpts: (...) people will show up to vote and find they have been wrongly taken off the rolls.
The lists of eligible voters kept by localities around the country are the gateway to democracy,
and they are also a national scandal. In 2000, the American public saw, in Katherine Harris's
massive purge of eligible voters in Florida, how easy it is for registered voters to lose their
rights by bureaucratic fiat. Missouri's voting-list problems received far less attention, but may
have disenfranchised more eligible voters.
* How America Doesn't Vote, 04/02/15, NYTimes
18.02. U.N. Envoy, Visiting Iraq, Backs Cleric on Elections , NY Times
Lynsey Addario/Corbis, for The New York Times
A poster of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani hung above shoppers in Baghdad yesterday.
Mr. Brahimi, who is leading a United Nations team that arrived this week to assess the possibility
of holding direct elections, did not say whether he thought elections could be held by May 31. That
is the date by which the Bush administration hopes to put a transitional national assembly in place
to appoint the new government.
Though the Bush administration has yet to acknowledge that security also poses a problem for
elections, many experts say the country is too unstable to stage a fully democratic process.
* U.N. Envoy, Visiting Iraq, Backs Cleric on Elections, Edward Wong , 04/02/13, NYTimes
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
19.01. A Tale of Nuclear Proliferation: How Pakistani Built His Network , NYTimes
Excerpts: "First, he exploits a fragmented market and develops a quite advanced nuclear arsenal.
Then he throws the switch, reverses the flow and figures out how to sell the whole kit, right down
to the bomb designs, to some of the world's worst governments." (...)
Taken together, they show how Dr. Khan assembled a far-reaching organization of scientists,
engineers and business executives who operated on murky boundaries between the legal and the
illegal, sometimes underground but often in plain view, unencumbered by international agreements
that prohibit trafficking in nuclear technology.
* A Tale of Nuclear Proliferation: How Pakistani Built His Network, William J. Broad , David E.
Sanger , Raymond Bonner , 04/02/12, NY Times
19.02. Cuba Detentions May Last Years , NY Times
Excerpts: A large portion of detainees at Guant amo Bay, Cuba, could be held for many years,
"We feel very much like we are in an active war," said the official, asserting that the civilian
law enforcement model in which people are prosecuted for crimes or set free did not apply. "What
we're doing at Guant amo is more understandable in the war context," the official said.
(...) the Pentagon was more concerned with "the rights of the soldiers having these people not
going back to the battlefield" (...).
Editor's Note: In a war, one country can surrender and thereby end the war. There is no such
authority among the terrorist networks. Therefore the war claim of the US government can imply
unchecked power without any temporal limitation as long as the government eels?the war against
terror is still going on.
* Cuba Detentions May Last Years, Neil A. Lewis , Eric Schmitt , 04/02/13, NYTimes
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
- Emergence From Brain Architectures: A New Cognitive Science?, I. Aleksander
email@example.com , online 2004/01/27, Cognitive Processing, DOI:
- A Multimodal Brain-Based Feedback And Communication System, T. Hinterberger
firstname.lastname@example.org , N. Neumann , M. Pham , A. K ler , A. Grether , N.
Hofmayer , B. Wilhelm , H. Flor , N. Birbaumer , online 2003/11/29, Experimental Brain Research,
- Apes, Monkeys, Children, And The Growth Of Mind, J. C. Gomez , Apr. 2004, Harvard University
- Development Of Flight Performance In The Brown Booby, K. Yoda , H. Kohno , Y. Naito ,
2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Biology Letters
- Kin Recognition In Rattlesnakes, R. W. Clark , 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Biology Letters
- Coping With Divided Attention: The Advantage Of Familiarity, S. W. Griffiths , S. Brockmark ,
J. Hojesjo , J. I. Johnsson , 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Pleiotropic Effects Of Favoured Alleles, S. P. Otto ,
2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Floral Symmetry Affects Speciation Rates In Angiosperms, R. D. Sargent , 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo
& Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Can Cuticular Lipids Provide Sufficient Information For Within-Colony Nepotism In Wasps?, F. R.
Dani , K. R Foster , F. Zacchi , P. Sepp? , A. Massolo , A. Carelli , E. Arevalo , D. C.
Queller , J. E. Strassmann , S. Turillazzi , 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological
- Now Website Data Can Be Harnessed To Help Make Better Sales Forecasts, B. Gammon
email@example.com , 2004/02/10, Alphagalileo
- "We Are The Champions" - The New Birdie Song, G. Bradley firstname.lastname@example.org , 2004/02/11,
- Natural Killer Cells Are Made, Not Born, 2004/02/09, ScienceDaily & Rockefeller University
- A Simple Model For Interaction Of Voltage And Calcium Dynamics In Virtual Ventricular Tissue, O.
V. Aslanidi , A. V. Holden , Dec. 2004, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, DOI:
- Mathematical Modeling Of Cardiac Electro-Mechanics: From Protein To Organ, F. B. Sachse , G.
Seemann , M. B. Mohr , A. V. Holden , Dec. 2004, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos,
- Dynamics Of Cardiac Intracellular Ca2+ Handling - From Experiments To Virtual Cells, H. Zhang
email@example.com , D. Noble , M. Cannell , C. H. Orchard , M. Lancaster , S. A. Jones ,
M. R. Boyett , A. V. Holden , M. Saleet Jafri , E. A. Sobie , W. J. Lederer , S. S. Demir ,
A. Michailova , F. Delprincipe , M. Egger , E. Niggli , G. L. Smith , C. M. Loughrey , N.
Macquaide , J. Dempster , A. W. Trafford , Dec. 2004, International Journal of Bifurcation and
Chaos, DOI: 10.1142/S0218127403008843
- Neighbourhood Size, Dispersal Distance And The Complex Dynamics Of The Spatial Ricker Model, J.
M. J. Travis firstname.lastname@example.org , online 2003/12/10, Population Ecology, DOI:
- Scientists Clone 30 Human Embryos, Jonathan Amos , 2004-02-12, BBC News
- Unified "Micro-" and "Macro-" Evolution of Eco-systems: Self-organization of a Dynamic Network,
Dietrich Stauffer , Debashish Chowdhury , 2004-02-06, Physica A, Article in Press, Uncorrected
Proof, DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2004.01.015
- Commentary: Bush's Iraq Probe Panel , President Bush has set up a commission to investigate the
CIA's pre-war intelligence on Iraq. Commentator Kevin Phillips says one name, in particular, is
missing from the panel.
- Intel Reports a Research Leap to a Faster Chip, John Markoff, Intel scientists will announce
today that they have built a prototype of a silicon chip that can switch light on and off like
- U.S. Trade Deficit Reaches a Record $489.4 Billion, Elizabeth Becker
, The United States trade deficit soared to a record of $489.4 billion last year, according to a
federal report released Friday, raising concerns.
- Tiny Scales Weigh Virus, Mark Peplow
The miniature "cantilever" can detect a single virus weighing
about one-trillionth as much as a grain of rice.
- Sharks Suffer Population Crash , 04/02/12, Species that once filled the ocean on verge of
- Genetics And Evolution Of The Dog , Elaine Ostrander , Gordon Lark , Brian Hare , Robert Wayne ,
04/02/13, NPR Audio, Hounds, terriers, beagles, boxers, shepherds, schnauzers and mutts: What other
species of animal comes in as many shapes and sizes as our best friend the dog? In this hour, we'll
look at the genetics and evolution of the dog. How and when did dogs diverge from their wolf
ancestors? And what can we learn about human diseases by studying the canine genome? We'll also
take a look at the unique relationship dogs have with people. They were the first domesticated
animal to move in with humans. What has allowed us to live together so successfully?
- Quantum Gravity: Back To The Future, Philip Ball , Nature 427, 482 - 484 (05 February 2004),
From reruns of a nineteenth-century experiment performed with breathtaking precision, we may gain
our first glimpses of the physics that lies beyond Einstein's theories of relativity., DOI:
- Stress Propagation: Getting To The Bottom Of A Granular Medium, Matthew B. Stone , David P.
Bernstein , Rachel Barry , Matthew D. Pelc , Yee-Kin Tsui , Peter Schiffer , Nature 427, 503 -
504 (05 February 2004), DOI: 10.1038/427503a
- 48,000 Years of Climate and Forest Change in a Biodiversity Hot Spot, Mark B. Bush , Miles R.
Silman , Dunia H. Urrego
, Science Feb 6 2004: 827-829.
- Cancer: Respect Thy Neighbor!, Derek C. Radisky , Mina J. Bissell
, Science Feb 6 2004: 775-777
- Development Gene May Give Nerve Cells a Sense of Identity, Elizabeth Pennisi
, Science Feb 6 2004: 744
- Psychopharmacology:FDA Weighs Suicide Risk in Children on Antidepressants, Constance Holden
, Science Feb 6 2004: 745
- Kevin Phillips, Author, ''American Dynasty'', 04/02/13, c-span, Kevin Phillips, Author of
"American Dynasty," discusses his book and contemporary American politics.
2/13/2004: WASHINGTON, DC: 30 min.
- Schizophrenia Link To Lead Petrol, A study of blood samples taken in the 1960s suggests a strong
link between exposure to lead in the womb and schizophrenia in adulthood.
- U.N. Warns Against a Hasty Vote, but Iraqis Address the Issue, Neela Banerjee
, The U.N. special envoy to Iraq departed on Friday, warning that the country faced a significant
chance of civil strife.
- Canine Family Histories Revealed, All 300 domestic purebred dog breeds fall into one of 10 major
groupings, scientists tell a US conference.
- Action Needed To Save Coral Reefs, More than half of the world's coral reefs will be destroyed by
2100 if urgent action is not taken, scientists warn.
- Jobs Lost Abroad: Host of New Causes for an Old Problem, Steve Lohr , Globalization and
technology are amplifying the impact of outsourcing, experts say.
- The Thief of Baghdad, Maureen Dowd
, Swept up in big dreams, the foreign policy dream team became dupes in Ahmad Chalabi's big con.
- Americans Pour Money Into Stock Funds in Near Record Amounts, Jonathan Fuerbringer
, Americans poured a near record amount into stock mutual funds in January, suggesting investors'
confidence in stocks has been restored.
- How Flowers Know It's Spring
- People Lie More On The Phone Than By Email, The first study to compare honesty across
communications media surprises psychologists - being held to account may be the key
- Life Could Be Tough On Acid Europa, Far from being a haven of ice and water and an ideal spot for
the search for alien life, Jupiter's moon may be a corrosive hotbed of acid and peroxide
- Oldest Insect Hints At Dawn Of Flight, The specimen, found lurking in a fossil-filled museum
vault, pushes back the origins of winged insects by 80 million years
- Ring Of Bright Water, 04/02,
John Chapman, North Perth, Western Australia
- Smart Software Gives Surveillance Eyes a 'Brain', University of Rochester press release, Feb. 12,
University of Rochester researchers have developed "smart camera" software that monitors security
cameras for such things as a gun in an airport or the absence of a piece of equipment in a lab.
- Nitrogen Unbound: New Reaction Breaks Strong Chemical Link, 04/02/07, Science News, Vol. 165, No.
Researchers have developed a new way to turn nitrogen into ammonia that could improve upon an
energy-intensive, 90-year-old method used to make fertilizers.
- Gassing Up: Oxygen's Rise May Have Promoted Complex Life, 04/02/07, Science News, Vol. 165, No.
The increasing amount of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere may have driven the emergence of complex
- Unsure Minds, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6, 04/02/07
A controversial set of studies indicates that monkeys and dolphins know when they don't know the
answer to certain tasks, an ability that presumably relies on conscious deliberations.
- Light Whips Platinum Into Shape, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6, 04/02/07
Scientists are exploiting the molecular machinery behind photosynthesis to create unique
nanostructures out of platinum. http://www.audible.com/sciencenews/
- Turning a Snowball Inside Out, 04/02/07,
Turning a Snowball Inside Out: An award-winning snow sculpture.
Courtesy of Carlo S uin
Ivars Peterson, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6,
Turning a sphere inside out without allowing any sharp creases along the way is a tricky
mathematical maneuver. Carving an intricate snow sculpture depicting a crucial step in this twisty
transformation presents its own difficulties.
20.02. Webcast Announcements
Voices of Public Intellectuals Lecture Series: Democracy's Response to the Terrorist Threat
Now in its fifth year, the Radcliffe Institute Voices of Public Intellectuals lecture series brings
issues affecting civic life to a public forum. This year's series of three lectures features
experts in the study of terrorism and the prosecution of terrorists to explore the effects of
terrorism on democracy. These lectures take place in Cambridge on February 26, March 4, and March
11 at 4 p.m.
World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland
Riding the Next Democratic Wave,
Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan, Martin, Schwab, World
Economic Forum, 04/01/25
Why Victory Against Terrorism Demands Shared Values
The Process of Curricular Review: Redefining a World-Class Education, Benedict Gross, Thomas
Bender, Harvard@home, 04/01/21, Dean of Harvard College Benedict Gross discusses Harvard's first
comprehensive review of the undergraduate curriculum in almost 3 decades. This program introduces
the process of curricular review by presenting two segmented lectures. The first, by Dean Gross,
outlines the approach and considerations in undertaking the current review. The second lecture,
presented by NYU Professor Thomas Bender, presents a historical perspective on academic culture.
Cancer Biology , NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, How the spread of cancer is like wound healing
Tracking Ebola , NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, A new study might help scientists predict
where Ebola may!
Animal Thought and Communication, NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16,
How do animals think and communicate with each other? And what can studying animals tell us about
the evolution of language in humans? In this hour, NPR's Ira Flatow and guests look at thought and
communication in apes, gorillas and monkeys. What can non-human primates tell us about
communication in humans?
CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And Intelligent Systems, 2004
Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10
EVOLVABILITY & INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of
Communication, Signaling, and Perception in the Dynamics of Social
Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10
The Semantic Web
and Language Technology - Its Po
tential and Practicalities,
Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08
ECAL 2003, 7th
European Conference on Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany,
Fe Institute President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role,
(Video, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/04)
SPIE's 1st Intl Symp
on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04
Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio Report,
13th Ann Intl Conf,
Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life Sciences, Boston, MA, USA,
Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and
LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
of Socio-Economic Systems, 1st Intl Winter School
2004, Konstanz, Germany, 04/02/16-20
in Molecular Electronics: From molecular materials to single
molecule devices, Dresden, Germany, 04/02/23
Science, Complexity, and the Ethics of Global Governance, Cork, Ireland, 04/02/26-28
Rapidly Changing Business Environments -Learning and Adapting in
Time, Cambridge, MA, 04/02/26-27
Intl ICSC Symposium Engineering Of Intelligent Systems (EIS
2004), Island of Madeira, Portugal, 04/02/29-03/02
on Longevity , Sydney, Australia, 04/03/05-07
Physik sozio-ökonomischer Systeme Jahrestagung
(AKSOE), Regensburg, Germany, 04/03/08-12
11th Annual Winter Chaos Conference Dynamical Systems Thinking in Science and Society, Stony
Creek, CT, USA, 04/03/12-14
Alife Mutants' Hackingsession on Systems and Organisms, Bielefeld (Germany), 04/03/06-13
Science 2004, Washington, 04/03/20-21
"Complexity and Fractals in Nature", 8th Intl
Multidisciplinary Conf, Vancouver, Canada, 04/04/04-07
6th German Workshop on Artificial Life 2004 (GWAL-6), Bamberg, Germany, 04/04/14-16
9th IEEE Intl Conf on Engineering of Complex Computer
Systems, Florence, Italy, 04/04/14-16
Complexity Science and the Exploration of the Emerging World, Austin, TX, 04/04/17
Advanced Simulation Technologies Conference (ASTC'04),
Arlington, VA., USA, 04/04/18-22
(New Kind of Science) 2004 Conference and Minicourse,
Boston, Massachusetts, 04/04/22-25
IDS'04 - Intentional Dynamic Systems Symposium, Memphis, TN, USA, 04/04/24-26
Vulnerability and Network Failure: Constructions and Experiences
of Emergencies, Crises and Collapse, Manchester, UK,
What Really Matters ?The Global Forum 2004, Santa Fe, NM, 04/05/02-04
International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2004),
Boston, MA, USA, 04/05/16-21
3rd Intl Conf on
Systems Thinking in Management (ICSTM 2004) "Transforming
Organizations to Achieve Sustainable Success",
Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 04/05/19-21
4th Intl Conf on
Fractals And Dynamic Systems In Geoscience, München, Germany, 04/05/19-22
Annual Workshop on Economics and Heterogeneous Interaction Agents
(WEHIA04), Kyoto, Japan, 2004/05/27-29
International Symposium on HIV & Emerging Infectious
Diseases, Toulon, France, 04/06/03-05
Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
An Intl Tribute to Francisco Varela, Paris,04/06/18-20
Intl Conf on Linking Systems Thinking, Innovation,Quality, Entrepreneurship and Environment
MARIBOR, SLOVENIA, 04/06/24-26
NAACSOS 2004, North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science,
Pittsburgh PA, 04/06/27-29
Statphys - Kolkata V An International Conference on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and
Processes , Kolkata, India, 04/06/27-30
ICAD 2004 10th International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, 04/07/06-09
3rd Intl School Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics Discrete Dynamical Systems and Applications , Urbino
`Perspectives on Nonlinear Dynamics 2004 (PNLD-2004), Chennai, India, 04/07/12-15
From Animals To Animats
8, 8th Intl Conf On The Simulation Of Adaptive Behavior
(SAB'04), Los Angeles, USA, 04/07/13-17
14th Annual International Conference The Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences ,
Milwaukee, WI, USA, 04/07/15-18
Gordon Research Conference on "Oscillations & Dynamic Instabilities In Chemical Systems",
Lewiston, ME, 04/07/18-23
Intl Conf Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2004), New York City,
Intl Workshop on: Trust in Agent Societies , New York City, 04/07/19-20
World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
Informatics, Orlando, Florida, USA, 04/07/18-21
Summer Simulation MultiConference (SummerSim'04), San Jose
Hyatt, San Jose, California, 04/07/25-29
SME 2004 Symposium on Modeling
and Control of Economic Systems , University in Redlands, CA, 04/01/28-31
International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
Fractals and Natural Hazards at
32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28
ICCC 2004, IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, ,
Vienna, Austria, 04/08/30-09/01
2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,
Ontology, An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,
Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
(ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15
Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18
8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
(PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22
Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15
Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape, Delft, The Netherlands, 04/10/25-27
Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference , Rio de Janeiro, 04/11
20.03.01. Strategic Thinking in a Complex World , Smithsonian Resident Associates Program
Recognizing the world as one vast interconnected system is essential to understanding the level of
complexity in today global environment.
This course is designed to give you a working knowledge of complexity science, and to show how to
apply insights from the new science to your life and work, and to world events.
* Strategic Thinking in a Complex World, T. Irene Sanders , David Rejeski , 04/05/01-22,
Smithsonian Resident Associates Program
Complexity Digest is an independent publication available to organizations that may wish to repost
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