ժ NO2004.02

Complexity Digest 2004.02 Jan. 13, 2004

Archive: http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror: http://www.comdig.de Asian
Mirror:
http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code) "I think the
next century will be the
century of complexity." Stephen Hawking

_________________________________________________________________


Content:

01. Optimising Multiple Channels, Interactive Marketing
02. Historian Reveals Spiralling Debt Has Shaped Consumer Culture For
Centuries, Alphagalileo
03. A Simulation Of The Impact Of Media On Social Cohesion, Adv. in Complex
Sys.
04. Can Emotional Intelligence Be Developed?, Int. J. Human Resource Manag.
05. Cultural Niche Construction And The Evolution Of Small Family Size,
Theor. Population Biol.
06. A Document Management Methodology Based On Similarity Contents, Info. Sc.
07. Global Warming Threatens Millions Of Species, NewScientist
08. Biologist Studies Birds To Learn How Our Stomachs Convey Thoughts Of
Hunger, ScienceDaily
09. New Insight Into How Anthrax Bacteria Can Evade A Host's Immune
Response, ScienceDaily
09.01. Mad Cow Case Heightens Debate on Food Labeling, NYTimes
10. Amoeba Warning To Contact Lens Wearers, NewScientist
10.01. Coffee May Lower Diabetes Risk, Seattle Times/AP
11. Virtual Plant Models Of Predatory Mite Movement In Complex Plant
Canopies, Ecol. Modelling
12. What Saved The Whales? An Economic Analysis Of 20th Century Whaling,
Biodiver. & Conserv.
12.01. Whale Haunt: Nursing, Feeding Spot Found Off South Chile, Science News
13. Cosmic Microwave Background And Large-Scale Structure In The Universe,
Nature
14. The Galactic Habitable Zone and the Age Distribution of Complex Life in
the Milky Way, Science
14.01. Are Most Life-Friendly Stars Older Than the Sun?, Science
15. Mobile Robots Take Baby Steps, Wired
15.01. Partitioning the Energetics of Walking and Running, Science
15.02. Running a-Fowl of the Law, Science
16. Power to the Edge: Command...Control...in the Information Age, Command
and Control Research
Program, DoD
17. I.M.F. Says Rise in U.S. Debts Is Threat to World's Economy, NY Times
17.01. IMF Continues Warning On US Deficit, UPI
17.02. US Rejects IMF Warning that Debts Could Affect Global Economy, Voice
of America News
18. Texas G.O.P. Is Victorious in Remapping, NYTimes
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
19.01. From Rogue Nuclear Programs, Web of Trails Leads to Pakistan, NYTimes
19.02. Plugging Nuclear Leaks, NYTimes
19.03. U.S. Reasserts Right to Declare Citizens to Be Enemy Combatants, NYTimes
19.04. War of Ideas, Part 1, NY Times
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
20.04. ComDig Announcement: New ComDig Archive in Beta Test

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01. Optimising Multiple Channels , Interactive Marketing

Abstract: Today's marketer is faced with a bewildering mix of IT-enabled
channels to the customer -
websites, e-hubs, call centres and so on (...) managers now find themselves
competing as much on
innovative channel strategies as on innovative products or services. This
is the problem this paper
aims to address. It presents a new synthesis of channel strategy tools
(...). It starts with a key
point which adds some unavoidable complexity to the topic: the key
strategic question is not which
channel to use, but which channel combination, as generally the customer is
best served through a
judicious mixture of communication mechanisms.

* Optimising Multiple Channels, Wilson H.  , Hobbs M.  , Dolder C.  ,
McDonald M. , Jan.-Mar. 2004,
Interactive Marketing
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

02. Historian Reveals Spiralling Debt Has Shaped Consumer Culture For
Centuries , Alphagalileo

Excerpts: New Year sales and Christmas shopping sprees have a sting in the
tail when credit card
bills hit doormats (...) debt and consumer credit dependency were rife in
the 1800-1900s, and that
formal and informal money-lending was integral to goods exchange. In the
21st century a high number
of financially overstretched individuals are at risk of plunging further
into the spiral of debt
(...). An investigation of eighteenth century English and Welsh gaols,
found that debtors
constituted half - and convicted felons only a quarter - of all prisoners.
At least 5,333 debtors
suffered imprisonment in 1769 and 8, 238 in 1778.

* Historian Reveals Spiralling Debt Has Shaped Consumer Culture For
Centuries, J. Murray
jennifer.murray@warwick.ac.uk , 2004/01/09, Alphagalileo
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

03. A Simulation Of The Impact Of Media On Social Cohesion , Adv. in
Complex Sys.

Abstract: One impact of the introduction of television, according to widely
held views, is an
undermining of traditional values and social organization. In this study,
we simulate this process
by representing social communication as a Random Boolean Network in which
the individuals are
nodes, and each node's state represents an opinion (yes/no) about some
issue. Television is
modelled as having a direct link to every node in the network. More
generally, the results suggest
that patterns of communication in networks can help to explain a wide
variety of social phenomena.

* A Simulation Of The Impact Of Media On Social Cohesion, R. Stocker  , D.
Cornforth  , D. G. Green
, Sep. 03, DOI: 10.1142/S0219525903000931, Advances in Complex Systems
* Contributed by Pritha Das


_________________________________________________________________

04. Can Emotional Intelligence Be Developed? , Int. J. Human Resource Manag.

Abstract: This paper explores approaches to the development of Emotional
Intelligence (EI) and to
the critical question 'can EI be developed? Findings from three studies
involving managers, team
leaders and the skippers and crews from a round-the-world yacht race are
presented to explore
whether Emotional Intelligence scores change after training and other
experiences. A revised model
to explain how the elements of Emotional Intelligence are related to each
other is presented and
tested, and possible explanations of why some elements are more amenable to
development actions are
proposed.

* Can Emotional Intelligence Be Developed?, Dulewicz V.  , Higgs M. , Feb.
2004, DOI:
10.1080/0958519032000157366, International Journal of Human Resource Management
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

05. Cultural Niche Construction And The Evolution Of Small Family Size ,
Theor. Population Biol.

Abstract: The frequency of individuals with a certain general
predisposition, which is transmitted
vertically, plays a role as the cultural background, or the cultural niche,
of the population. It
is assumed that individuals with fewer offspring are more likely to achieve
social roles that
influence the succeeding generation and are therefore overrepresented as
transmitters in the
process of oblique transmission. Our model suggests that even a slight
overrepresentation of those
with fewer offspring can drive the evolution of small family size, provided
that the rate of
oblique transmission depends strongly on the cultural background.

* Cultural Niche Construction And The Evolution Of Small Family Size, Y.
Ihara iharay@stanford.edu
, M. W. Feldman , Feb. 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2003.07.003, Theoretical
Population Biology
* Contributed by Atin Das


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06. A Document Management Methodology Based On Similarity Contents , Info. Sc.

Abstract: The advent of the WWW and distributed information systems have
made it possible to share
documents between different users and organisations. However, this has
created many problems
related to the security, accessibility, right and most importantly the
consistency of documents. It
is important that the people involved in the documents management process
have access to the most
up-to-date version of documents, retrieve the correct documents (...). In
this paper we propose a
method for organising, storing and retrieving documents based on similarity
contents. The method
uses techniques based on information retrieval, document indexation and
term extraction and
indexing.

* A Document Management Methodology Based On Similarity Contents, F. Meziane
f.meziane@salford.ac.uk , Y. Rezgui y.rezgui@salford.ac.uk , online
2003/09/17, DOI:
10.1016/j.ins.2003.08.009, Information Sciences
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

07. Global Warming Threatens Millions Of Species , NewScientist

Excerpts: Global warming may drive a quarter of land animals and plants to
the edge of extinction
by 2050, a major international study has warned.


In the worst case scenario, between a third to a half of land animal and
plant species will face
extermination. The predictions come from extinction models based on over
1100 species covering a
fifth of the Earth's land mass.

* Global Warming Threatens Millions Of Species, Shaoni Bhattacharya  ,
04/01/07, NewScientist


_________________________________________________________________

08. Biologist Studies Birds To Learn How Our Stomachs Convey Thoughts Of
Hunger , ScienceDaily

Excerpts: A research biologist at Wright State University is studying
rhythmic cycles in birds to
learn if we have a physiological clock in our stomach that determines when
we get hungry. "We often
think of our stomachs as having a clock. We anticipate food, and our
gastrointestinal tract is
prepared for food when it arrives. Our research investigates how this
happens. We want to
understand how the clock in the gut is sustained, the role of food and
nutrition in sustaining the
gut's rhythm and the role of melatonin, a chemical in the brain, in
organizing the activity of the
gut."

* Biologist Studies Birds To Learn How Our Stomachs Convey Thoughts Of
Hunger, 2004/01/07,
ScienceDaily & Wright State University
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

09. New Insight Into How Anthrax Bacteria Can Evade A Host's Immune
Response , ScienceDaily

Excerpts: (...) scientists show why, in the presence of anthrax toxin,
human immune cells fail to
respond normally to lipopolysaccharide--a component of the cell walls of
many bacteria including
the bacteria that cause anthrax, Bacillus anthracis. "Although it was known
for quite some time
that anthrax toxins can suppress cytokine production, the mechanism by
which Bacillus anthracis
escapes the immune response isn't really understood. We have identified a
protein molecule targeted
by the anthrax toxin and determined where it acts in the sequence of steps
involved in immune
response."

* Study By UCSD Gives New Insight Into How Anthrax Bacteria Can Evade A
Host's Immune Response,
2004/01/07, ScienceDaily & University Of California - San Diego
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

09.01. Mad Cow Case Heightens Debate on Food Labeling , NYTimes

Excerpts: Tom Daschle, the Senate Democratic leader, called for the Bush
administration to require
that supermarket meat carry country-of-origin labels immediately.
With consumers nervous about the first known case of mad cow disease in the
United States, food
labeling has emerged as a contentious issue on Capitol Hill, where Tom
Daschle, the Senate
Democratic leader, called Wednesday for the Bush administration to require
that supermarket meat
carry country-of-origin labels immediately.

Mr. Daschle and other backers of labels contend that they benefit consumers
as well as independent
farmers and ranchers, who could get a premium price for meat labeled Made
in America.

Critics, including meatpackers and the major organization representing
cattlemen in the United
States, say labels are too costly and do not improve food safety.

* Mad Cow Case Heightens Debate on Food Labeling, Sheryl Gay Stolberg , NY
Times


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10. Amoeba Warning To Contact Lens Wearers , NewScientist

Excerpts: Washing your face while wearing contact lenses could increase
your chances of getting a
potentially blinding eye infection. And the risk is greatest in the UK,
according to a leading eye
specialist.


The culprit in question is a free-living, water-borne amoeba called
Acanthamoeba, which can cause
severe ulcerations of the cornea - a condition called Acanthamoeba
keratitis. The disease is rare
but extremely painful and can lead to blindness.

* Amoeba Warning To Contact Lens Wearers, Duncan Graham-Rowe , 04/01/07,
New Scientist


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10.01. Coffee May Lower Diabetes Risk , Seattle Times/AP

Excerpts: Compared to non-coffee drinkers, men who drank more than six
eight-ounce cups of
caffeinated coffee per day lowered their risk of type 2 diabetes by about
half, and women reduced
their risk by nearly 30 percent, according to the study in Tuesday's issue
of Annals of Internal
Medicine.

Nevertheless, experts said more research is needed to establish whether it
really is the coffee --
or something else about coffee drinkers -- that protects them.

"The evidence is quite strong that regular coffee is protective against
diabetes," (...)

* Coffee May Lower Diabetes Risk, Joann Loviglio  , 04/01/06, Seattle Times/AP


_________________________________________________________________

11. Virtual Plant Models Of Predatory Mite Movement In Complex Plant
Canopies , Ecol. Modelling

Abstract: The movement of predators between patches of pests is crucial to
the success of any
biological control programme. This paper (...) examine the impact of plant
architecture and canopy
connectedness on the movement of predators within a complex canopy, using
the technique of virtual
plants. However, the proportion of plant canopy searched is mediated by the
complexity of the plant
structure, with a lower proportion of the canopy visited on more complex
plant architectures. The
simulations provide a foundation for investigation of the impact of canopy
structure and predator
searching behaviour on the movement of predators through complex plant
canopies, (...).

* Virtual Plant Models Of Predatory Mite Movement In Complex Plant
Canopies, D. J. Skirvin
david.skirvin@hri.ac.uk , 2003/12/03, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.07.007,
Ecological Modelling
* Contributed by Pritha Das


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12. What Saved The Whales? An Economic Analysis Of 20th Century Whaling ,
Biodiver. & Conserv.

Abstract: Catches of whales show a historically cyclical pattern, with
catches declining as stocks
of the financially most attractive species fell, but expanding as
substitute species were caught.
Total combined catch peaked in the early 1960s and fell thereafter to the
current regulated levels.
(...) economic analysis reveals that market forces leading to reduced catch
were already in place
well before the agreements took hold. To some extent, therefore, catches
were destined to decline
as whale products ceased to be commercially attractive on a large scale.
Using econometric
analysis, the paper shows the various forces at work: declining stocks, (...).

* What Saved The Whales? An Economic Analysis Of 20th Century Whaling,
Schneider V.  , Pearce D.
d.pearce@ucl.ac.uk , Mar. 2004, DOI: 10.1023/B:BIOC.0000009489.08502.1a,
Biodiversity and
Conservation
* Contributed by Atin Das


_________________________________________________________________

12.01. Whale Haunt: Nursing, Feeding Spot Found Off South Chile , Science News

Excerpts: As large as blue whales are, the oceans are a lot larger, and
biologists are still
mapping out migration routes and feeding grounds for these hard-to-find
creatures

A systematic survey has discovered a hangout for blue whales in the Gulf of
Corcovado, an inlet of
the Pacific Ocean between the southern Chilean mainland and the largest of
the Chilean Islands.
Last year, 47 blue whale groups, some including mothers and youngsters,
were sighted in that
area.(...)

(...) are still mapping out migration routes and feeding grounds for these
hard-to-find
creatures.(...)

In the first 60 years of the 20th century, commercial whaling wiped out 97
percent of the Southern
Hemisphere's blue whales,(...)

* Whale Haunt: Nursing, Feeding Spot Found Off South Chile, Susan Milius ,
04/01/03, Science News,
Vol. 165, No. 1, (Audible format)


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13. Cosmic Microwave Background And Large-Scale Structure In The Universe ,
Nature

Excerpts: Observations of distant supernovae and the fluctuations in the
cosmic microwave
background (CMB) indicate that the expansion of the Universe may be
accelerating under the action
of a 'cosmological constant' or some other form of 'dark energy'. This dark
energy now appears to
dominate the Universe and not only alters its expansion rate, but also
affects the evolution of
fluctuations in the density of matter, slowing down the gravitational
collapse of material (into,
for example, clusters of galaxies) in recent times. Additional fluctuations
in the temperature of
CMB photons are induced as they pass through large-scale structures and
these fluctuations are
necessarily correlated with the distribution of relatively nearby matter.
Here we report the
detection of correlations between recent CMB data and two probes of
large-scale structure: the
X-ray background and the distribution of radio galaxies. These correlations
are consistent with
those predicted by dark energy, indicating that we are seeing the imprint
of dark energy on the
growth of structure in the Universe.

* Cosmic Microwave Background And Large-Scale Structure In The Universe,
Stephen Boughn , Robert
Crittenden , Nature


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14. The Galactic Habitable Zone and the Age Distribution of Complex Life in
the Milky Way , Science

Abstract: We modeled the evolution of the Milky Way Galaxy to trace the
distribution in space and
time of four prerequisites for complex life: the presence of a host star,
enough heavy elements to
form terrestrial planets, sufficient time for biological evolution, and an
environment free of
life-extinguishing supernovae. We identified the Galactic habitable zone
(GHZ) as an annular region
between 7 and 9 kiloparsecs from the Galactic center that widens with time
and is composed of stars
that formed between 8 and 4 billion years ago. This GHZ yields an age
distribution for the complex
life that may inhabit our Galaxy. We found that 75% of the stars in the GHZ
are older than the Sun.

* The Galactic Habitable Zone and the Age Distribution of Complex Life in
the Milky Way, Charles H.
Lineweaver , Yeshe Fenner , Brad K. Gibson
, Science Jan 2 2004: 59-62



_________________________________________________________________

14.01. Are Most Life-Friendly Stars Older Than the Sun? , Science

Excerpts: Our solar system has lived in a hospitable part of the Milky Way
for nearly 5 billion
years. But most of the galaxy's other inhabited systems--if they
exist--would have had even longer
to nurture life, (...). The analysis intrigues astronomers who dare ponder
the conditions for
complex life elsewhere, but others warn that we know too little about those
conditions for the
research to mean much.

The study explores the physical requirements for a "galactic habitable
zone" (GHZ), (...).

* Are Most Life-Friendly Stars Older Than the Sun?, Robert Irion

, Science Jan 2 2004: 27.


_________________________________________________________________

15. Mobile Robots Take Baby Steps , Wired

Excerpts: A robot dog could one day become a soldier's best friend -- if an
Army program works out
as planned.


Today's soldiers carry as much as 100 pounds of equipment. That's
exhausting, even for the toughest
grunt. In the future, the Army wants to dump up to half that gear onto the
back of a drone. But
military scientists are worried that robots with wheels won't be able to
follow their human masters
across mountain passes, up stairs and through forest trails.

* Mobile Robots Take Baby Steps, Noah Shachtman  , 04/01/07, Wired


_________________________________________________________________

15.01. Partitioning the Energetics of Walking and Running , Science

Excerpts: Explaining the energetics of walking and running has been
difficult because the
distribution of energy use among individual muscles has not been known. We
estimated energy use by
measuring blood flow to the hindlimb muscles in guinea fowl. (...) We
estimate that the swing-phase
muscles consume 26% of the energy used by the limbs and the stance-phase
muscles consume the
remaining 74%, independent of speed. Thus, contrary to some previous
suggestions, swinging the
limbs requires an appreciable fraction of the energy used during
terrestrial legged locomotion.

* Partitioning the Energetics of Walking and Running, Richard L. Marsh ,
David J. Ellerby ,
Jennifer A. Carr , Havalee T. Henry , Cindy I. Buchanan
, Science 2004 303: 80-83



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15.02. Running a-Fowl of the Law , Science

Excerpts: (...) efficiency--the work done divided by the metabolic energy
consumed--has a maximum
value of only about 5% in a mouse running at high speed; for comparison,
this maximum is about 50%
in a small pony running at high speed. (...) small animal muscle is no less
efficient than large
animal muscle.
(...) force hypothesis states that the metabolic cost of walking or running
is determined by the
tension-time integral multiplied by a factor proportional to the rate of
myosin cross-bridge
cycling in muscle, independent of whether any work is done.

* Running a-Fowl of the Law, Norman C. Heglund
, Science 2004 303: 47-48



_________________________________________________________________

16. Power to the Edge: Command...Control...in the Information Age, Command
and Control Research
Program , DoD

Excerpts: The risks and challenges of an uncertain security landscape are
exacerbated by the
exponential decrease in the size and cost of weapons of mass destruction
and disruption, their
proliferation, and the ever more richly connected and interdependent world
of the 21st century.
At the same time, the complexity of military operations is increasing as
strategic, operational,
and tactical levels merge, as operations serve a mixture of military and
civil objectives, and as
operations are carried out by coalitions of the willing.

* Power to the Edge: Command...Control...in the Information Age, Command
and Control Research
Program, David S. Alberts , Richard E. Hayes  , Command, Control in the
Information Age, Control
Research Program (CCRP), DoD, 2003



_________________________________________________________________

17. I.M.F. Says Rise in U.S. Debts Is Threat to World's Economy , NY Times

Excerpts: With its rising budget deficit and ballooning trade imbalance,
the United States is
running up a foreign debt of such record-breaking proportions that it
threatens the financial
stability of the global economy, according to a report released Wednesday
by the International
Monetary Fund.

Prepared by a team of I.M.F. economists, the report sounded a loud alarm
about the shaky fiscal
foundation of the United States, questioning the wisdom of the Bush
administration's tax cuts and
warning that large budget deficits pose "significant risks" not just for
the United States but for
the rest of the world.

* I.M.F. Says Rise in U.S. Debts Is Threat to World's Economy, Elizabeth
Becker , Edmund L. Andrews
, NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

17.01. IMF Continues Warning On US Deficit , UPI

Excerpts: The U.S. budget deficit is burgeoning from rising defense and
security spending, even as
tax cuts are lowering government revenue, amid increasing demands on the
budget from the retiring
baby boom generation, the International Monetary Fund cautioned once again
Wednesday.

But the IMF's warnings and its prescriptions for dealing with the budgetary
as well as trade
deficits are unlikely to have much impact on U.S. policymakers, if any,
particularly in a
presidential election year.

* IMF Continues Warning On US Deficit, Shihoko Goto  , 04/01/07, UPI


_________________________________________________________________

17.02. US Rejects IMF Warning that Debts Could Affect Global Economy ,
Voice of America News

Excerpts: A Treasury spokesman dismisses the IMF report as breathless
hyperbole. The IMF says the
$500 billion U.S. fiscal deficit (...) could undermine the world recovery
(...).

Treasury Secretary John Snow acknowledged Wednesday that the growing fiscal
deficit is a problem.
But he promised to cut the deficit by half within five years. (...)

"The war in Iraq: It is a one-time thing. But it had to be dealt with.
Afghanistan had to be dealt
with," he said. "But they created a bulge in [government] spending. And
then we had the tax
reductions."

Listen to Barry Wood's report
  (RealAudio)
Wood report -  Download 361k (RealAudio)

* US Rejects IMF Warning that Debts Could Affect Global Economy, Barry
Wood  , 04/01/08, Voice of
America News


_________________________________________________________________

18. Texas G.O.P. Is Victorious in Remapping , NYTimes

Excerpts: The judges ruled that there was no bar to mid-decade
redistricting, even though
redistricting normally occurs after the once-a-decade census. They also
found that politics - not
illegal racial discrimination - prompted the redrawing of district lines.

Twice last year, Democratic lawmakers, angered by the proposed redrawing,
left the state to
withhold quorums that would allow Republicans to pass the redistricting
plan, which seemed likely
to cost Democrats several seats in the Congressional delegation.

(...) in one district Hispanic voters were illegally disenfranchised and
that the Legislature had
to remedy the violations.

* Texas G.O.P. Is Victorious in Remapping, Ralph Blumenthal  , NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks





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19.01. From Rogue Nuclear Programs, Web of Trails Leads to Pakistan , NYTimes

Excerpts: Pakistan has emerged as the intellectual and trading hub of a
loose network of hidden
nuclear proliferators.
(...) most conspicuous piece of evidence: the laboratory's own sales
brochure, quietly circulated
to aspiring nuclear weapons states and a network of nuclear middlemen
around the world.

The cover bears an official-looking seal that says "Government of Pakistan"
and a photograph of the
father of the Pakistani bomb, Abdul Qadeer Khan. It promotes components
that were spinoffs from
Pakistan's three-decade-long project to build a nuclear stockpile of
enriched uranium, (...).

* From Rogue Nuclear Programs, Web of Trails Leads to Pakistan, David E.
Sanger , William J. Broad
, NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

19.02. Plugging Nuclear Leaks , NYTimes

Excerpts: A far more stringent and enforceable set of controls on nuclear
equipment exports is
urgently needed.(...)
The nuclear power loophole must also be closed. If a country is legally
allowed to develop the
means to produce bomb-grade uranium through a variant of the enrichment
process used to make
reactor fuel and can extract bomb-grade plutonium from reactor byproducts,
it can build nuclear
weapons whenever it likes. There is no legitimate reason for countries to
develop such capacities
if they can be sure of reliable outside fuel supplies.

* Plugging Nuclear Leaks, NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

19.03. U.S. Reasserts Right to Declare Citizens to Be Enemy Combatants ,
NYTimes

Excerpts: The Justice Department will seek an expedited appeal of a federal
appeals court decision
last month in the case of Jose Padilla, jailed as an enemy combatant in 2002.

* U.S. Reasserts Right to Declare Citizens to Be Enemy Combatants, Eric
Lichtblau , NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

19.04. War of Ideas, Part 1 , NY Times

Excerpts: What you are witnessing is why Sept. 11 amounts to World War III
- the third great
totalitarian challenge to open societies in the last 100 years. (...) World
War II was the Nazis,
(...) impose the reign of the perfect race, the Aryan race. The cold war
was the Marxists, (...) to
impose the reign of the perfect class, the working class. And 9/11 was
about religious
totalitarians, Islamists, using suicide bombing to try to impose the reign
of the perfect faith,
political Islam.

* War of Ideas, Part 1, Thomas L. Friedman , NYTimes


_________________________________________________________________

20. Links & Snippets





_________________________________________________________________

20.01. Other Publications



- Forecasting Business Cycles Using Deviations From Long-Run Economic
Relationships, C. W. J.
Granger  , R. Yau  , N. Francis , 2003, Macroeconomic Dynamics
- After The Wall: Parental Attitudes To Child Rearing In East And West
Germany, Uhlendorff H. ,
Jan. 2004, International Journal of Behavioral Development, DOI:
10.1080/01650250344000280
- Nonlinear Dynamics Of A Satellite With Deployable Solar Panel Arrays, J.
Kuang
ejlkuang@ntu.edu.sg , P. A. Meehan meehan@uq.edu.au , A. Y. T. Leung  , S.
Tana , 2003/10/28,
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics, DOI:
10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2003.07.001
- Visual Perception And Social Foraging In Birds, E. F.-Juricic
efernand@csulb.edu , J. T. Erichsen
  , A. Kacelnik , 2003/10/27, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, DOI:
10.1016/j.tree.2003.10.003
- Nature Is Changing In More Ways Than One, D. M. Waller dmwaller@wisc.edu
, T. P. Rooney ,
2003/10/27, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2003.10.011
- Twelve Leading-Edge Innovations: Creating Opportunities For Germany, J.
Ehrlenspiel
joh.ehr@zv.fraunhofer.de , 2004/01/05, Alphagalileo
- E-Mail Threat To Health, D. Brown doubro@bps.org.uk , 2004/01/08,
Alphagalileo
- Arm Position Matters In Blood Pressure Readings According To UCSD Medical
Researchers,
2004/01/08, ScienceDaily & University Of California - San Diego
- Complexity: Metrics And Modules, T. Bossomaier , Sep. 03, Advances in
Complex Systems, DOI:
10.1142/S0219525903000992
- Dynamical Real Numbers And Living Systems, D. Prasad Datta
dp_datta@yahoo.com , 2003/11/04,
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, DOI: 10.1016/j.chaos.2003.09.015
- Dynamics Of Insect Resistance In Bt-Corn, N. A. Linacre
n.linacre@pgrad.unimelb.edu.au , C. J.
Thompson , 2003/10/09, Ecological Modelling, DOI:
10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.08.009
- A Functionally Diverse Population Growth Model, E. M.-Arzate, H. E.-Heras
hechavar@cicese.mx , C.
L.-Ramrez , 2003/10/28, Mathematical Biosciences, DOI:
10.1016/j.mbs.2003.08.009
- Missteps Seen in Muslim Chaplain's Spy Case, Neil A. Lewis And Thom Shanker
, The arrest, lengthy detention and possible court-martial of Capt. James
J. Yee is a tangled legal
episode that has proved awkward for the military.
- The Joyless Recovery, Edmund L. Andrews  , 04/01/04, NYTimes,


Scott L. Gribble for The New York Times
Judith Pike is shutting down Acme Grinding in Rockford. The company's work
force has shrunk from 40
to 4.

- Spam Keeps Coming, but Its Senders Are Wary, Saul Hansell , NYTimes, The
new anti-spamming law
has gotten the attention of some hard-core spammers, even if it has not cut
back their mailing yet.
- Keeping Track of Visitors, 04/01/07, NYTimes. Tom Ridge's Homeland
Security Department has gone a
long way toward assuaging concerns that the new security program would
humiliate travelers.
- U.S. Withdraws a Team of Weapons Hunters From Iraq, Douglas Jehl , The
step was described by some
as a sign that the caches of weapons that were cited as a principal reason
for going to war will
not be found.
- Purdue Research Suggests 'Nanotubes' Could Make Better Brain Probes,
Purdue News, DOI: 04/01/07
- Film Firms Lose DVD Piracy Battle, US movie industry fight to prosecute a
Norwegian hacker has
ended in failure.
- Supramolecular Self-Assembly of Macroscopic Tubes, Deyue Yan , Yongfeng
Zhou , Jian Hou

, Science Jan 2 2004: 65-67.
- Beyond The Ivory Tower:A Distant Mirror for the Brain, Carl Zimmer
, Science Jan 2 2004: 43-44
- Supramolecular Self-Assembly of Macroscopic Tubes, Deyue Yan , Yongfeng
Zhou , Jian Hou
, Science Jan 2 2004: 65-67.
- The Search for Pale Blue Dots, Robert Irion

, Science Jan 2 2004: 30-32
- Sea Change in the Atlantic, Richard A. Kerr
, Science Jan 2 2004: 35
- NEUROSCIENCE:Long-Term Memory: A Positive Role for a Prion?, Ingrid
Wickelgren
, Science Jan 2 2004: 28-29.
- Earth Sometimes Shivers Beneath Thick Blankets Of Ice, Science News, Vol.
165, No. 1, (Audible
format), 04/01/03
New analyses of old seismic data have distinguished the ground motions
spawned by a previously
unrecognized type of earthquake-quakes created by brief surges of massive
glaciers.
- Alaska Shook, Mountains Spoke, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 1, (Audible
format), 04/01/03
Small pulses in atmospheric pressure detected in Fairbanks soon after the
magnitude 7.9 Denali
quake on Nov. 3, 2002, suggest that the temblor literally moved mountains.
- Newfound Fault May Explain Quakes, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 1,
(Audible format), 04/01/03
Tsunami simulations suggest that a newly discovered fault zone beneath the
Atlantic Ocean could
have released most of the seismic energy from three earthquakes that
destroyed Lisbon, Portugal, on
the morning of Nov. 1, 1755.
- Ancestral Handful: Tiny Skull Puts Asia At Root Of Primate Tree, Science
News, Vol. 165, No. 1,
(Audible format), 04/01/03
Researchers have unearthed the partial skull of the oldest known primate, a
tiny creature that
lived in south-central China 55 million years ago.
- Pivotal Protein: Inhibiting Immune Compound Slows Sepsis, Science News,
Vol. 165, No. 1, (Audible
format), 04/01/03
By restraining the action of an immune system protein that can run amok,
scientists experimenting
on mice have reversed the course of severe sepsis.
- Gene Screen: Ultrasensitive Nanowires Catch Mutations, Science News, Vol.
165, No. 1, (Audible
format), 04/01/03
Researchers have devised a nanowire sensor that binds to DNA molecules and
produces an electrical
signal almost instantaneously.



_________________________________________________________________

20.02. Webcast Announcements


   Presentation Webcasts from Scientific Sessions 2003,
   American Heart Association
   EVOLVABILITY & INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of
   Communication, Signaling, and Perception in the Dynamics of Social
   Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10
   The Semantic Web
   and Language Technology - Its Potential and Practicalities,
   Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08
   ECAL 2003, 7th
   European Conference on Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany,
   03/09/14-17
   IMA International
   Conference Bifurcation 2003, Univ. Southampton, UK, 27-30 July,
   2003
   New Santa
   Fe Institute President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role,
   (Video, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/04)
   SPIE's 1st Intl Symp
   on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04
   NAS Sackler
   Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio Report,
   03/05/11
   Uncertainty and
   Surprise: Questions on Working with the Unexpected and Unknowable,
   The University of Texas Austin, Texas USA, 2003/04/10-12
   13th Ann Intl Conf,
   Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life Sciences, Boston, MA, USA,
   2003/08/08-10
   CERN
   Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and
   Live Events
   Dean
   LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since
   February 1998
   Edge Videos
New: CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And
Intelligent Systems, 2004
Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10




_________________________________________________________________

20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements



NAACSOS 2004, North American Association for Computational Social and
Organizational
Science,Pittsburgh PA, 04/06-27-29


  Complex
  Physical, Biological and Social Systems, MIT, Cambridge,
  MA, 04/01/05-09

  2nd
  Biennial Seminar on the Philosophical, Epistemological, and
  Methodological Implications of Complexity Theory, Havana,
  Cuba, 04/01/07-10

  2004
  Western Simulation MultiConference (WMC'04), San Diego,
  CA., USA, 04/01/18-24

  The
  Mathematica Gulf Conference, Muscat, Oman, 04/01/26

  1st
  International Workshop on Biologically Inspired Approaches to
  Advanced Information Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland,
  04/01/29-30

  Physics
  of Socio-Economic Systems, 1st Intl Winter School
  2004, Konstanz, Germany, 04/02/16-20

  Advances
  in Molecular Electronics: From molecular materials to single
  molecule devices, Dresden, Germany, 04/02/23

  Leadership in
  Rapidly Changing Business Environments -Learning and Adapting in
  Time, Cambridge, MA, 04/02/26-27

  4th
  Intl ICSC Symposium Engineering Of Intelligent Systems (EIS
  2004), Island of Madeira, Portugal, 04/02/29-03/02

  Conference
  on Longevity , Sydney, Australia, 04/03/05-07

  Arbeitskreis
  Physik sozio-ökonomischer Systeme Jahrestagung
  (AKSOE), Regensburg, Germany, 04/03/08-12

  11th Annual Winter Chaos Conference Dynamical Systems Thinking in Science
and Society, Stony
Creek, CT, USA, 04/03/12-14

  Capital
  Science 2004, Washington, 04/03/20-21

  Fractal 2004,
  "Complexity and Fractals in Nature", 8th Intl
  Multidisciplinary Conf, Vancouver, Canada, 04/04/04-07

  6th German Workshop on Artificial Life 2004 (GWAL-6), Bamberg, Germany,
04/04/14-16

  The
  9th IEEE Intl Conf on Engineering of Complex Computer
  Systems, Florence, Italy, 04/04/14-16

  2004
  Advanced Simulation Technologies Conference (ASTC'04),
  Arlington, VA., USA, 04/04/18-22

  NKS
  (New Kind of Science) 2004 Conference and Minicourse,
  Boston, Massachusetts, 04/04/22-25

  Urban
  Vulnerability and Network Failure: Constructions and Experiences
  of Emergencies, Crises and Collapse, Manchester, UK,
  04/04/29-30

  5th
  International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2004),
  Boston, MA, USA, 04/05/16-21

  3rd Intl Conf on
  Systems Thinking in Management (ICSTM 2004) "Transforming
  Organizations to Achieve Sustainable Success",
  Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 04/05/19-21

4th Intl Conf on
Fractals And Dynamic Systems In Geoscience, München, Germany, 04/05/19-22

  9th
  Annual Workshop on Economics and Heterogeneous Interaction Agents
  (WEHIA04), Kyoto, Japan, 2004/05/27-29

  13th
  International Symposium on HIV & Emerging Infectious
  Diseases, Toulon, France, 04/06/03-05

  ECC8
  Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
  04/06/14-17

  7th Intl Conf on Linking Systems Thinking, Innovation,Quality,
Entrepreneurship and Environment
(STIQE), MARIBOR, SLOVENIA, 04/06/24-26

  From Animals To Animats
  8, 8th Intl Conf On The Simulation Of Adaptive Behavior
  (SAB'04), Los Angeles, USA, 04/07/13-17

  3rd
Intl Conf Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2004),
New York City,
04/07/19-23

7th
Intl Workshop on: Trust in Agent Societies , New York City, 04/07/19-20

  8th
  World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
  Informatics, Orlando, Florida, USA, 04/07/18-21

  2004
  Summer Simulation MultiConference (SummerSim'04), San Jose
  Hyatt, San Jose, California, 04/07/25-29

  6th
  International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
  Canada, 04/08/02-06


Fractals and Natural Hazards at 32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC),
Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28

  ANTS
  2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
  Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,
  04/09/05-08

  Dynamic
  Ontology, An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
  and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,
  04/09/08-11

  9th
  Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
  (ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15

  The
Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18

  The
  8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
  (PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22

  XVII Brazilian
  Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
  Brazil, 04/09/22-24

   TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15

  Wolfram
  Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
  04/10/21-23





_________________________________________________________________

20.04. ComDig Announcement: New ComDig Archive in Beta Test

We are in the process of upgrading the Complexity Digest archives to a
format with improved search
capabilities. Also, we will finally be able to adequately publish the
valuable feedback and
comments from our knowledgable readers. You are cordially invited to become
a beta tester of our
new ComDig2 archive.





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