ժ NO2003.19

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Complexity Digest 2003.19 May-13-2003

  Archive:  http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror:  http://www.comdig.de

Asian Mirror:  http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code)

"I think the next century will be the century of complexity." Stephen
Hawking, 2000


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     1.  AS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains,
        Video/Audio Report
     2.  Neural Maps In Remote Sensing Image Analysis, Neural Networks
          2.1. Scale-Free Networks, Scientific American
          2.2  Internet Access for the Cost of a Cup of Coffee, NYTimes
     3. Web-Based Attacks Could Create Chaos In The Physical World,
       ScienceDaily
     4. Cellular Manufacturing Theory, strategy+business
          4.1. Leadership and Change, What Makes Southwest Airlines Fly,
             Knowledge@Wharton
          4.2. Of Happy And Hapless Regulators: The Asymptotics Of Ruin,
             Insurance: Math. & Econ.
     5. The Global-Brand Advantage, MIT Sloan Management Review
     6.  Prebiotic Soup--Revisiting the Miller Experiment, Science
     7.  Genetics: Suicidal Mushroom Cells, Nature
          7.1. Dying Cells Dragged Screaming Under The Microscope
     8. Salamanders Can Do Maths, Nature Science Update
          8.1. Salamanders (Plethodon Cinereus) Go For More: Rudiments
              of Number In An Amphibian, , Animal Cognition
     9. Self-Sacrificing Gall Repair By Aphid Nymphs, Alphagalileo &
        Biol. Lett.
    10. Two Circadian Clocks In The Same Plant Tissue, ScienceDaily
    11. Innate Immunity: The Unsung Heroes, Nature
    12. Structural Biology: Life's Transistors, Nature
    13. Social Insects: Cuticular Hydrocarbons Inform Task Decisions,
       Nature
    14. A New Perspective On The Tracking Control Of Non Linear
      Systems, Alphagalileo & Proc. A
    15. Hearing Colors, Tasting Shapes, Scientific American
          15.1 Experts See Mind's Voices in New Light, NYTimes
    16. Study Assesses Risks, Benefits Of Eliminating Monthly
       Menstruation, Penn State Live
    17. Fluctuations, Noise And Scaling In The Cardio-Pulmonary
       System, Fluct. & Noise Lett.
          17.1. Fractal Changes In Heart Rate Dynamics With Aging And
                Heart Failure, Fluct. & Noise Lett.
    18. U.S. Overhauls Administration to Govern Iraq, NYTimes
    19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
          19.1. Agencies Still Fail to Share Information, NYTimes
          19.2. How to Get Syria Out of the Terrorism Business, NYTimes
          19.3. Senate Deal Kills Effort to Extend Antiterror Act,
                NYTimes
          19.4. The Impossible Task for America's Spies, NYTimes
          19.5. Genomics: Relative Pathogenic Values, Nature
    20. Links & Snippets
          20.1. Other Publications
          20.2. Webcast Announcements
          20.3. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
               20.3.1. Public Conference  Calls
          20.4. ComDig Announcement: New ComDig Archive in Beta Test


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1. NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio Report

A Historiograph of Mapping Knowledge Domains, Eugene Garfield, ISI (video
summary)
Extracting Knowledge from the World Wide Web, Monika Henzinger, Google and
Steve Lawrence, NEC Research Institute, (video commentary by Monika Henzinger)
 From Paragraph to Graph, Thomas Landauer, University of Colorado at
Boulder and Knowledge Analysis Technologies (videoclip available from speaker)
The Structure of Scientific Collaboration Networks, Mark Newman, University
of Michigan, (video summary, mp3 audio)
Using Mixed Membership Models for Mapping Knowledge Domains, Elena
Erosheva, University of Washington (mp3 audio, video summary)
Topic Dynamics in Knowledge Domains, Tom Griffiths, Stanford University and
Mark Steyvers, University of California, Irvine (mp3 audio)
Enhancing Web Sites with Usage Data, Jon Kleinberg, Cornell University
(video summary)
Combining Bibliometric and Knowledge Elicitation Techniques to Map a
Knowledge Domain, Kate McCain, Drexel University, (video summary)
Information Seeking and the Objects of Visual Attention, Colin Ware,
University of New Hampshire (mp3 audio)
Geovisualization for Constructing and Sharing Concepts, Alan MacEachren,
Pennsylvania State University (mp3 audio)
(Pocket PC Barcode Interface and Community Applications), Marc Smith,
Microsoft Research
Spatio-Temporal Visualization for Exploring Huge Collection of Images,
Atsushi Hiroike, Yoshinori Musha and Hiromichi Fujisawa, Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo
Note:  Audio files are in downloadable mp3 format for portable mp3 players
or any mp3 software players. Video files are in asf format and can be
played e.g. with windows media player. For the sound codec a (free) plugin
might be required, but the download should be automatic.) Higher resolution
videos might be available upon request.

  NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, The Beckman Center,
Irvine, CA, 2003/05/09-11, (Video/Audio)
Colloquium Prospectus page with organizer's conference recordings


2. Neural Maps In Remote Sensing Image Analysis, Neural Networks

Abstract: We study the application of self-organizing maps (SOMs) for the
analyses of remote sensing spectral images. Advanced airborne and
satellite-based imaging spectrometers produce very high-dimensional
spectral signatures that provide key information to many scientific
investigations about the surface and atmosphere of Earth and other planets.
These new,sophisticated data demand new and advanced approaches to cluster
detection, visualization, and supervised classification. In this article we
concentrate on the issue of faithful topological mapping in order to avoid
false interpretations of cluster maps created by an SOM. We describe
several new extensions of the standard SOM (¡K).
Neural Maps In Remote Sensing Image Analysis, T. Villmann, E. Merenyi & B.
Hammer, Neural Networks, Vol.16, Issues 3-4, pp:389-403, Apr.-May 2003,
doi:10.1016/S0893-6080(03)00021-2
Contributed by Atin Das


Excerpt: Networks are everywhere. The brain is a network of nerve cells
connected by axons, and cells themselves are networks of molecules
connected by biochemical reactions. Societies, too, are networks of people
linked by friendships, familial relationships and professional ties. On a
larger scale, food webs and ecosystems can be represented as networks of
species. And networks pervade technology: the Internet, power grids and
transportation systems are but a few examples. Even the language we are
using to convey these thoughts to you is a network, made up of words
connected by syntactic relationships.

Scale-Free Networks, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, Eric Bonabeau, Scientific
American, 2003/05


Excerpts: Mr. Wooley said each restaurant spent about $2,000 to get its
Wi-Fi up and running, and another $300 to $500 a month for the high-speed
communications line that provides the wireless access network to the
Internet. His reasoning is similar to Ms. Griffith's, but on a larger
scale. Schlotzsky's surveys over the past few months have shown that 6
percent of customers go to Schlotzsky's for the free Wi-Fi. That translates
to 15,000 customers per store per year. (...)

"That's a really good return on investment," Mr. Wooley said.

Internet Access for the Cost of a Cup of Coffee, Katie Hafner, NYTimes,
2003/05/08


  3. Web-Based Attacks Could Create Chaos In The Physical World, ScienceDaily

Excerpts: Most experts on computer crime focus on attacks against Web
servers, bank account tampering and other mischief confined to the digital
world. But by using little more than a Web search engine and some simple
software, a computer-savvy criminal or terrorist could easily leap beyond
the boundaries of cyberspace to wreak havoc in the physical world, a team
of Internet security researchers has concluded. (¡K) described how
automated order forms on the Web could be exploited to send tens of
thousands of unwanted catalogs to a business or an individual. The
researchers suggested several methods to deter the attacks they described.
Web-Based Attacks Could Create Chaos In The Physical World; Computer
Security Researchers Suggest Ways To Thwart New Form Of Cybercrime,
ScienceDaily & Johns Hopkins Univ., 2003/05/01
Contributed by Atin Das


4. Cellular Manufacturing Theory, strategy+business

Excerpts: For the better part of the last century, the most commonly used
metaphor in the business world was that of the machine. (...) people were
cogs performing their work amid complex corporate structures and processes.
(...), this dominant metaphor has increasingly been challenged, often by
those seeking to apply principles of biology to engineering. Most
comparisons between manufacturing and biological cells focus on their
similarities - both cells and modern factories employ lean production
systems, emphasize sourcing of high-quality materials, and use common
components to make the production process as straightforward as possible.
Cellular Manufacturing Theory, Des Dearlove, Stuart Crainer,
strategy+business, Spring 2003


Excerpt: How does Southwest Airlines keep making money? After all, the
airline industry overall is in a shambles. US Airways and United Air Lines
are reorganizing in bankruptcy while American Airlines flirts with the same
fate. As a group, the nation's biggest air carriers have lost tens of
millions of dollars over the past several years, with no immediate recovery
in sight. Yet the secret to its success, said Southwest chairman Herb
Kelleher during a talk at Wharton April 22, is available for anyone,
including its competitors, to see.

Leadership and Change, What Makes Southwest Airlines Fly,
Knowledge@Wharton, 2003/05


Abstract: We employ a simple single-period ruin probability as a useful
tool for studying various asymptotic effects associated with increasing the
number of exposure units, n, covered by an insurer. These effects include:
the law of large numbers, the roles of (¡K). For a model with known
parameters, we find the necessary and sufficient condition for the ruin
probability to converge to zero, as well as sufficient conditions for the
normal approximation to provide asymptotically accurate comparative statics
with respect to n.  For a model with parameter-estimation errors, we find
that the normal approximation no longer holds in general (¡K).

Of Happy And Hapless Regulators: The Asymptotics Of Ruin, M. R. Powers, E.
C. Venezian & I. B. Juca, Insurance: Math. & Econ., Vol.32, Issue 2,
pp:317-330, 2003/04/23, doi:10.1016/S0167-6687(03)00114-8
Contributed by Pritha Das


5. The Global-Brand Advantage, MIT Sloan Management Review

Abstract: Consumer attitudes toward globalness are evolving, and marketers
should be wary of changes in both new and existing geographic markets.
Steenkamp expects ethnocentrism to change over time. Many countries have
become more accepting of nonlocal foods, for example, as the French have.
And Alden says that as global brands become icons of a global consumer
culture in various locales, he expects brand globalness to have a more
direct impact on purchase likelihood. So global brand marketers may gain an
advantage over time, even if they can't associate their brands with quality
or prestige. (...)
Though companies seem to be pushing their brands across borders
increasingly, they aren't all driven by the notion that locals will embrace
global brands. Businesses globalize their brands for other reasons, points
out Batra, including to achieve economies of scale in production, logistics
and communications. But marketers have to think about how consumers will
embrace their products. And to reach consumers, quality is job one.

The Global-Brand Advantage, Larry Yu, MIT Sloan Management Review, Reprint
4431; Spring 2003, Volume 44, Number 3, p. 13


6. Prebiotic Soup--Revisiting the Miller Experiment, Science

Summary: Modern research in prebiotic chemistry effectively began with a
publication of a paper in Science 50 years ago by Stanley L. Miller on the
spark discharge synthesis of amino acids and other compounds using a
mixture of reduced gases that were thought to represent the components of
the atmosphere on the primitive Earth. On the anniversary of this milestone
publication, Bada and Lazcano provide an account of the events surrounding
the publication of the paper and discuss the historical studies that led up
to the Miller experiment.
Prebiotic Soup--Revisiting the Miller Experiment, Bada, Jeffrey L.,
Lazcano, Antonio, Science 2003, 300: 745-746


  7. Genetics: Suicidal Mushroom Cells, Nature

Excerpts: Programmed cell death - apoptosis - is a universal phenomenon
among multicellular organisms, and is especially important during
development. Genetically orchestrated mechanisms of cell death have also
been found in single-celled protists and yeast. (¡K), Benjamin Lu and
colleagues describe a remarkably simple version of apoptosis in the ink-cap
mushroom Coprinus cinereus (¡K)
It turns out that, in the mutants, basidia that experience problems at the
beginning of meiosis (prophase I) undergo mass apoptosis, showing the
classical apoptotic hallmark of DNA fragmentation.

Genetics: Suicidal Mushroom Cells, Nicholas P. Money, Nature 423, 26
(2003); Doi:10.1038/423026b


Excerpts: An eerie high-pitched song fills the air in a physics laboratory
in Los Angeles. It is the scream of a yeast cell as it withers in a pool of
alcohol, and it just may proclaim a useful new technique for cell biologists.

(¡K) have been looking closely at how the outer membranes of yeast cells
vibrate, depending on the condition of the cells.

(¡K) whether this signature song could be used to monitor the health of a
cell in response to both external stresses and internal ones, such as gene
mutations.

Dying Cells Dragged Screaming Under The Microscope, Catherine Zandonella,
Nature 423, 106 - 107 (2003); doi:10.1038/423106b


8. Salamanders Can Do Maths, Nature Science Update

Excerpts: Salamanders, given a choice between tubes containing two
fruitflies or three, lunge at the tube of three. This hints that the
ability to differentiate between small numbers of objects may have evolved
much earlier than scientists had thought.
Primates can spot the greater of two quantities smaller than four, without
any training. Babies choose the bowl with more cookies; monkeys go for the
bucket with more slices of apple.

The surprise, says Claudia Uller, of the University of Louisiana at
Lafayette who carried out the study, was that the amphibians "failed in the
same way that babies and monkeys do" - more than three objects confuses them.

Salamanders Can Do Maths, Amphibians Hint That Number Skills Evolved Early,
Hannah Hoag, 2003/05/03, Nature Science Update
Salamanders (Plethodon Cinereus) Go For more: Rudiments of Number In An
Amphibian, Uller, C., Jaeger, R., Guidry, G. , Martin, C., 2003, DOI:
10.1007/s10071-003-0167-x, Animal Cognition
Contributed by Carlos Gershenson


  9. Self-Sacrificing Gall Repair By Aphid Nymphs, Alphagalileo & Biol. Lett.

Abstract: Insect galls are vulnerable to invasion by moth larvae that can
tunnel the wall. We report that nymphs of the aphid Nipponaphis monzeni
repair their gall self-sacrificingly. When a hole was bored into their
gall, many globular nymphs discharged a large amount of body fluid onto the
gall''s wound, and kneaded the fluid, which soon became viscous and
eventually congealed, plastering over the hole. Having discharged the
fluid, the nymphs shrivelled to approximately 1/3 of their original volume.
Several nymphs were buried in the plaster, like "aphid sacrifices". This is
the most elaborate social behaviour so far known among aphids.
Self-Sacrificing Gall Repair By Aphid Nymphs, U. Kurosu, S. Aoki & T.
Fukatsu, Alphagalileo & Biol. Lett., 2003/05/02
Contributed by Atin Das


10. Two Circadian Clocks In The Same Plant Tissue, ScienceDaily

Excerpts: Dartmouth researchers have found evidence of two circadian clocks
working within the same tissue of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, a
flowering plant often used in genetic studies. Their results suggest that
plants can integrate information from at least two environmental signals,
light and temperature, which is important in order to respond to seasonal
changes.
"The plant can then process the data and make decisions about flowering,
which is a very critical decision. Early spring is cool, so it makes sense
for a plant to clue in to more than one environmental signal."
Dartmouth Researchers Find Two Circadian Clocks In The Same Plant Tissue,
ScienceDaily & Dartmouth College, 2003/05/08
Contributed by Atin Das


11. Innate Immunity: The Unsung Heroes, Nature

Excerpts: The fact that innate immune mechanisms can terminate infections
should not be surprising - invertebrates and jawless fish survive
infections solely on the wits of their innate immune systems. (¡K). Given
this potential, what proportion of infections is terminated by innate
immunity? In modern human society, we seem to endure intense and relentless
exposure to all manner of infectious agents. Perhaps the very fact that
most people are not perpetually sick is testament to innate immunity
squelching most of the infections that we contract.
Innate Immunity: The Unsung Heroes, Peter Parham, Nature 423, 20 (2003);
doi:10.1038/423020a


12. Structural Biology: Life's Transistors, Nature

Excerpt: Voltage-gated ion channels control electrical activity in nerve,
muscle and many other cell types. The crystal structure of a bacterial
voltage-gated channel reveals the astonishingly simple design of its
voltage sensor.
Structural Biology: Life's Transistors, Fred J. Sigworth, Nature 423, 21 -
22 (2003); doi:10.1038/423021a


13. Social Insects: Cuticular Hydrocarbons Inform Task Decisions, Nature

Excerpt: Social insect colonies are organized without central control, and
must not only accomplish many tasks, such as foraging and nest
construction, but must also respond to changing conditions by adjusting the
number of workers performing each task1, 2. Here we use chemically treated,
artificial ants to show that cuticular hydrocarbons, which differ according
to task, are used by workers of the red harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex
barbatus) to recognize the tasks of the ants that they encounter.
Encounters with other ants thus inform a worker's decision on whether to
perform a particular task.
Social Insects: Cuticular Hydrocarbons Inform Task Decisions, Michael J.
Greene And Deborah M. Gordon, Nature 423, 32 (2003); doi:10.1038/423032a


14. A New Perspective On The Tracking Control Of Non Linear Systems,
Alphagalileo & Proc. A

Abstract: The problem of controlling complex, nonlinear structural and
mechanical systems, such as robotic arms or satellites flying in tight
formation, to move exactly along predefined trajectories is of great
industrial and practical importance. This paper provides a new and simple,
yet powerful and exact, solution to this long-standing problem. It draws
its inspiration from the way Nature seems to control complex mechanical
systems when their motions are constrained to follow certain trajectories.
The results provided appear to be the simplest and perhaps most
comprehensive available to date on controlling the motion of complex
nonlinear systems along predefined trajectories).
A New Perspective On The Tracking Control Of Non Linear Structural And
Mechanical Systems, F. E. Udwadia, Alphagalileo & Proc. A (Math., Phy. &
Engg Sc.), 2003/05/02
Contributed by Atin Das


15. Hearing Colors, Tasting Shapes, Scientific American

Excerpts: People with synesthesia--whose senses blend together--are
providing valuable clues to understanding the organization and functions of
the human brain. (...)
If synesthesia were a genuine sensory effect, our subjects should easily
see the triangle because for them, the numbers would look colored.

When we conducted pop-out tests with volunteers, the answer was crystal
clear. Unlike normal subjects, synesthetes correctly reported the shape
formed by groups of numbers up to 90 percent of the time (exactly as
nonsynesthetes do when the numbers actually have different colors).

Hearing Colors, Tasting Shapes, Vilayanur S. Ramachandran, Edward M.
Hubbard, Scientific American, 2003/04/15


Excerpt: Auditory hallucinations are a hallmark of schizophrenia: 50
percent to 75 percent of the 2.8 million Americans who suffer from the
illness hear voices that are not there.(¡K)

The research has led to new theories of what may cause such bizarre
alterations in perception and has spawned at least one promising new
treatment: the delivery of low-frequency magnetic pulses to areas
identified by the brain scans seems to quiet, at least temporarily, the
voices of patients who have not found relief through standard treatment
with antipsychotic medications.

Experts See Mind's Voices in New Light, Erica Goode, NYTimes, 2003/05/06


16. Study Assesses Risks, Benefits Of Eliminating Monthly Menstruation,
Penn State Live

Excerpts: Given a choice, many women would probably opt out of the monthly
cramping, bloating, bleeding and general discomfort that accompanies
menstruation.
A study under way at Hershey Medical Center is investigating whether a
variation on the traditional oral contraceptive pill can prevent periods
easily, safely and effectively.

"Menstrual bleeding may be medically unnecessary and can cause undesirable
symptoms such as cramping, headaches and mood swings," Legro said. "Not
only is menstrual bleeding often an inconvenience, but it also can be a
serious quality of life concern for many women."

Study Assesses Risks, Benefits Of Eliminating Monthly Menstruation, Penn
State Live, 2003/05/06


17. Fluctuations, Noise And Scaling In The Cardio-Pulmonary System, Fluct.
& Noise Lett.

Abstract: The structure and the functioning of cardio-pulmonary system is
complex (¡K). In this review, we examine scaling in cardio-pulmonary
physiology. The focus will be on the interpretation of scaling behaviors
and their relation to structure-function in the normal and diseased
cardio-pulmonary system. First, we overview fluctuations and scaling in
respiratory rate variability in terms of a neural network model. Next, we
analyze fluctuations in human heartbeat dynamics under healthy and
pathologic conditions using wavelets and multifractal approaches. Finally,
we show how the network failure of lung tissue structure leads to
emphysema, a leading cause of respiratory disability and death worldwide.
Fluctuations, Noise And Scaling In The Cardio-Pulmonary System, B. Suki, A.
M. Alencar, U. Frey, P. C. Ivanov, S. V. Buldyrev, A. Majumdar, H. E.
Stanley, C. A. Dawson, G. S. Krenz & M. Mishima, Fluct. & Noise Lett., Vol.
3, No. 1, R1-R25, Mar. 2003, doi:10.1142/S0219477503001142
Contributed by Atin Das


Abstract: In this work we analyze interbeat cardiac time series arising of
three groups: healthy young and healthy elderly subjects and patients with
congestive heart failure. (¡K) fractal organization is different for each
group. In the case of healthy young subjects only one value of the fractal
dimension is necessary to fit the interbeat data, whereas in the cases of
healthy elderly and patients with congestive heart failure a crossover
behavior in the fractal dimension is present but in opposite directions. By
means of a "zoom" on the hinges of the crossover point interesting effects
of aging are presented.
Fractal Changes In Heart Rate Dynamics With Aging And Heart Failure, L. G.
Varga, E. C. Quevedo & F. A. Brown, Fluct. & Noise Lett., Vol. 3, No. 1,
L83-L89, Mar. 2003, doi:10.1142/S0219477503001117
Contributed by Atin Das


18. U.S. Overhauls Administration to Govern Iraq, NYTimes

Excerpts: The dramatic overhaul is part of a move ordered by President Bush
that began with the appointment last week of L. Paul Bremer III, a
counterterrorism veteran at the State Department, as the new top
administrator in charge of rebuilding Iraq.(...)
In Washington as in Iraq, General Garner came under heavy criticism for
being almost invisible to ordinary Iraqis. (...)

One possibility is that the Office of Humanitarian and Reconstruction
Assistance would move outside the heavily walled Republican Palace and into
a place that is less regal, one official said.

U.S. Overhauls Administration to Govern Iraq, Patrick E. Tyler, Edmund L.
Andrews, NYTimes, 2003/05/12


19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks

Excerpts: New reports by GAO [General Accounting Office, Ed.] and police
association charge that federal agencies are still not sharing key
information about terrorist suspects because of interagency cultural
differences and technology lags; Sen Charles Grassley says he is dismayed
at lapses so long after Sept 11 terrorist attacks (M) Nearly 20 months
after the Sept. 11 attacks, many federal agencies are still failing to
share critical information about terrorist suspects with other agencies
because of both cultural and technological barriers, officials said today.
Agencies Still Fail to Share Information, Reports Say, Eric Lichtblau,
NYTimes, 2003/04/30


Excerpt: Getting Syria out of the terrorism business through diplomatic
engagement would be a major achievement in itself, both for our
counterterrorism campaign and our Middle East policy. (¡K), success with
Syria could establish hard-nosed engagement as the most effective way to
confront, and eventually to change, the behavior of states that back
terrorism. In this regard, Secretary Powell's journey to Damascus could
mark a new stage of the war on terrorism-one that will enable the Bush
administration to match its military achievements with even more impressive
diplomatic accomplishments.

How to Get Syria Out of the Terrorism Business, Flynt L. Leverett, NYTimes,
2003/05/04


Excerpts: The day's developments represented a major test of the balancing
act between fighting terrorism and protecting civil liberties, and the
result delivered a mixed verdict as many lawmakers expressed reservations
about giving law enforcement officials too much power to fight terrorism.

(¡K) masked intense behind-the-scenes maneuverings in recent weeks over the
powers that the federal government has been given to fight terrorism.(¡K)

Many Democrats have complained in recent months that the Justice Department
has kept them in the dark about its counterterrorism activities since the
Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.

Senate Deal Kills Effort to Extend Antiterror Act, Eric Lichtblau, NYTimes,
2003/05/09


Excerpts: The Bush administration's doctrine of pre-emption presumes that
American intelligence can ferret out the most secret of foreign science
with near infallibility.

The Impossible Task for America's Spies, William J. Broad, NYTimes, 2003/05/11


Excerpts: The bacterium that causes anthrax has several close relatives.
Comparison of their genome sequences should provide insight into the
biology of these organisms as agents of disease - and of terrorism.

Genomics: Relative Pathogenic Values, Julian Parkhill And Colin Berry,
Nature 423, 23 - 25 (2003); doi:10.1038/423023a


20. Links & Snippets

20.1 Other Publications

MI5 Evolves To Meet Threat Of International Terror Network, Financial
Times, 2003/05/04
Insects At Low Temperatures: An Ecological Perspective, B. J. Sinclair, P.
Vernon, C. J. Klok & S. L. Chown, Trends in Ecol. & Evol., Vol.18, Issue 5,
pp:257-262, May 2003, doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(03)00014-4
Harvesting In An Eight-Species Ecosystem, D. Finnoff & J. Tschirhart, J.
Environ. Econ. & Management, Vol.45, Issue 3, pp:589-611, May 2003,
doi:10.1016/S0095-0696(02)00025-6
A Simple Agent Model Of An Epidemic, T. J. Gordon, Tech. Forecasting &
Social Change, Vol.70, Issue 5, pp:397-417, Jun. 2003,
doi:10.1016/S0040-1625(02)00323-2
Olfactory Functioning In Gulf War-Era Veterans: Relationships To War-Zone
Duty, Self-Reported Hazards Exposures, And Psychological Distress, J. J.
Vasterling, K. Brailey, H. Tomlin, J. Rice & P. B. Sutker, J. Int.
Neuropsychol. Soc., 9:407-418, Mar. 2003, DOI 10.1017/S1355617703930062
Categorization And Recognition Performance Of A Memory-Impaired Group:
Evidence For Single-System Models, S. R. Zaki, R. M. Nosofsky, N. M. Jessup
& F. W. Unverzagt, J. Int. Neuropsychol. Soc., 9:394-406, Mar. 2003, DOI
10.1017/S1355617703930050
Time Course Of Regional Brain Activations During Facial Emotion Recognition
In Humans, M. Streit, J. Dammers, S. Simsek-Kraues, J. Brinkmeyer, W.
Wolwer & A. Ioannides, Neurosc. Letters, Vol. 342, Issues 1-2, pp:101-104,
2003/05/15, doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(03)00274-X
Measuring Solar Magnetic Fields With Artificial Neural Networks, H.
Socas-Navarro, Neural Networks, Vol.16, Issues 3-4, pp:355-363, Apr. May
2003, doi:10.1016/S0893-6080(03)00024-8
Oil Production And The Diet Of Worms, D. McIlroy, Alphagalileo, 2003/05/06
You Are What You Eat: Describing The Foraging Ecology Of Southern Elephant
Seals (Mirounga Leonina) Using Blubber Fatty Acids, C. J. A Bradshaw, M. A.
Hindell, N. J. Best, K. L. Phillips, G. Wilson & P. D. Nichols,
Alphagalileo & Proc. B, 2003/05/02
Research Casts Doubt On Controversial Scientific Theory, L. Branton,
Alphagalileo, 2003/05/07
Ears Can't Hear When Special Sensory Cells Don't Stay 'Quiet', ScienceDaily
& St. Jude Children's Res. Hospital, 2003/05/02
Violent Music Lyrics Increase Aggressive Thoughts And Feelings, According
To New Study; Even Humorous Violent Songs Increase Hostile Feelings,
ScienceDaily & Amer. Psychological Asso., 2003/05/05
What Goes Wrong In Older Eggs? Fruit Flies Can Be Used For Further Study,
Dartmouth Research Says, ScienceDaily & Dartmouth College, 2003/05/05
When Predators Attack (Each Other): Researchers Document First-known
Killing Of A Wolverine By A Black Bear In Yellowstone, ScienceDaily &
Wildlife Conserv. Soc., 2003/05/06
Self-organization of Hierarchical Structures in Nonlocally Coupled
Replicator Models, Hidetsugu Sakaguchi, 2003/05/02, DOI: nlin.AO/0305003,
arXiv
Approximate Grammar for Information Extraction, V.Sriram, B. Ravi Sekar
Reddy , R. Sangal, 2003/05/06, DOI: cs.CL/0305004, arXiv
Evolution and Anti-evolution in a Minimal Stock Market Model, R.
Rothenstein, K. Pawelzik, 2003/05/07, DOI: nlin.AO/0211010, arXiv
Strange Heat Flux in (An)Harmonic Networks, Jean-Pierre Eckmann, Emmanuel
Zabey, 2003/05/06, arXiv
On the Intrinsic Origin of 1/f Noise, B. Kaulakys, 2003/05/05, arXiv
Wired Superstrings, Gary Stix, Scientific American, 2003/04/15, His
networked computer became the equivalent of a Western Union for physicists.
Now Paul Ginsparg watches how his idea is changing the way science is
communicated.
Physicist Takes The Reins At Santa Fe Complexity Centre, Geoff Brumfiel,
Nature 423, 105 (2003); doi:10.1038/423105b
Saudis Seek 19 Suspected of Terrorist Plot, Douglas Jehl, NYTimes, 2003/05/10
How to Mix Politics With Religion, Reuel Marc Gerecht, NYTimes, 2003/04/29,
(...) if America is patient and holds its ground until democratic
institutions take hold, odds are decent that Iraqi Shiites will support
democratic government.
Optics: Positively Negative, John Pendry, Nature 423, 22 - 23 (2003);
doi:10.1038/423022a, An artificially created material with negative
refractive index has opened the door to new phenomena - and controversy.
New work finally sets the seal of experimental confirmation on negative
refraction.
Molecular Biology: Complicity Of Gene And Pseudogene, Jeannie T. Lee,
Nature 423, 26 - 28 (2003); doi:10.1038/423026a, 'Pseudogenes' are produced
from functional genes during evolution, and are thought to be simply
molecular fossils. The unexpected discovery of a biological function for
one pseudogene challenges that popular belief.
Complex Fluids: Spread The Word About Nanofluids, Manoj K. Chaudhury,
Nature 423, 131 - 132 (2003); doi:10.1038/423131a
A Classicist's Legacy: New Empire Builders, James Atlas, 2003/05/04
Insect Communication: Polarized Light As A Butterfly Mating Signal, Alison
Sweeney, Christopher Jiggins & Sonke Johnsen, Nature 423, 31 - 32 (2003);
The Baby Experts, The High Anxiety of Child-Rearing, Sandra Tsing Loh, The
Atlantic Monthly, May 2003
Fewer Feds at the Airport, NYTimes, 2003/05/09
Microsoft Admits Passport Security Flaw, The Associated Press, 2003/05/08
U.S.-Backed Iraqi Exiles Return to Reinvent Nation, Douglas Jehl, NYTimes,
2003/05/04
Dollar Hits 4 - Year Low Against Euro, The Associated Press,2003/05/06
Oils, Financials Boost Eurostocks, Reuters, 2003/05/06
International: U.S. Suspects North Korea Moved Ahead on Weapons, David E.
Sanger, NYTimes, 2003/05/08
International: Traders Sell Stolen Cars at Give-Away Prices, Edmund L.
Andrews, NYTimes, 2003/05/10, For American troops, the illegal car market
was another sobering lesson in the complexity of doing police work in a
country with few enforceable laws.


20.2 Coming and Ongoing Webcasts

Robert Baer, Fmr. CIA Field Officer Baer discusses his article in the
current issue of The Atlantic Monthly on Saudi Arabia's counter-terrorism
efforts, c-span, 4/30/2003, 1 hr., (Video clip13399)
Uncertainty and Surprise: Questions on Working with the Unexpected and
Unknowable, The University of Texas Austin, Texas USA, 2003/04/10-12
Autonomous Agents, Stuart Kauffman, FRIAM Group sponsored Applied
Complexity Lecture Series at the Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/03/13
New Trends In Industrial Partnership And Innovation Management At European
Research Laboratories, CERN, Geneva, 2003/03/19 (with webcast)
CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events
"New Frontiers of Neuroscience" Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, 2003/03/07
Television & Children's Media Policy: Where Do We Go From Here?,
Washinghton, DC, 2003/02/28, c-span, (clip12657), 1:35
INSC 2003, International Nonlinear Sciences Conference, Vienna, Austria,
2003/02/07-09
World Economic Forum Meeting "Building Trust", Davos, Switzerland,
2003/01/23-28
2002 Financial Management Conference, 02/10/16-19
Artificial Life Conference (A-Life 8), Sydney, Australia, 2002/12/09-13
Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998


20.3 Conference Announcements & Call for Papers

Understanding Complex Systems Symposium, UIUC, Urbana-Champaign, Il,
2003/05/19-21
The Opening of Systems Theory, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, DK,
2003/05/23-25
Innovating Strategy Processes: Concepts, Experiences And Experiments,
Storrs, Connecticut U.S.A. 03/05/25-28
SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04
The First International Workshop on "Socio-Cognitive Grids: The Net as a
Universal Human Resource", Santorini, Greece, 2003/06/01-04
21st ICDE World Conf on Open Learning and Distance Education, Hong Kong,
2003/06/01-05
The Co-Revolutionary Competition An Alternative War Game Inspired By The
New Sciences, Newport, RI, 2003/06/03-05
Summer School on Nonlinear Phenomena In Computational Chemical Physics,
Barcelona, Spain, 2003/06/09-14
17th Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Simulation (PADS 2003), San
Diego, California, 2003/06/10-13
One-Week Intensive Course: Complex Physical, Biological and Social Systems,
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 2003/06/16-20
2003 Summer Computer Simulation Conference (SCSC '03), Montreal, Canada,
2003/06/20-24
5th Intl Conf "Symmetry in Nonlinear Mathematical Physics", Kiev, Ukraine,
2003/06/23-29, Mirror
Workshops of Dynamical Systems with Applications to Biology, Hsinchu,
Taiwan, 2003/06/24-28
UQAM Summer Institute in Cognitive Sciences 2003: Categorization In
Cognitive Sciences, Montreal, 2003/06/30-07/11
9th International Conference on Auditory Display, Boston, MA,
2003/07/07-09, Wkshp on Assistive Technologies for the Blind, 2003/07/06
47th Meeting of the Intl Soc for the System Sciences: Conscious Evolution
Of Humanity: Using Systems Thinking To Construct Agoras Of The Global
Village, Iraklion, Crete, Greec, 2003/07/07-11
2nd International School Topics In Nonlinear Dynamics, Siena (Italy),
2003/07/09-11
2003 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2003), Chicago,
IL,2003/07/12-16
2nd Intl Joint Conf on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
(AAMAS-2003), Melbourne, Australia, 2003/07/14-18
7th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI
2003), Orlando, Florida, 2003/07/27-30
Intl Conf on Socio Political Informatics and Cybernetics: SPIC '03,
Orlando, Fl, USA, 2003/07/31-08/02
13th Annual International Conference, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life
Sciences,Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10
Call for Papers on Dynamical Hierarchies, Special Issue of Artificial Life,
Deadline: 2003/09/05
1st German Conference on Multiagent System Technologies (MATES'03), Erfurt,
Germany, 2003/09/22-25
Emerging Technologies Conference at MIT, Cambridge, MA, 2003/09/24-25
7th European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL-2003), Dortmund, Germany,
2003/09/14-17
2003 IEEE/WIC Intl Joint Conf. Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent
Technology, Beijing, China, 2003/10/13-17
American Society for Cybernetics (ASC) 2003 Conference (H.v.Foerster),
Vienna, Austria , 2003/11/10-15
Trends And Perspectives In Extensive And Non-Extensive Statistical
Mechanics, In Honour Of The 60th Birthday Of Constantino Tsallis, Angra Dos
Reis, Brazil, 2003/11/19-21
ICDM '03: The Third IEEE International Conference on Data Mining,
Melbourne, Florida, USA, 2003/11/19-22
3rd International Workshop on Meta-Synthesis and Complex System, Guangzhou,
China, 2003/11/29-30
2nd International Workshop on the Mathematics and Algorithms of Social
Insects, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; 2003/12/15-17
Fractal 2004, "Complexity and Fractals in Nature", 8th Intl
Multidisciplinary Conf , Vancouver, Canada, 2004/04/04-07
Fifth International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2004), Boston, MA,
USA, 2004/05/16-21


20.3.1 Public Conference  Calls

PlexusCalls: "Surprise! Surprise!", McDaniel, Reuben, Audio File Available
Now, mp3
Complexity And Medical Practice, Pat Rush & Bob Lindberg, PlexusCalls,
2003/01/10, Audio File Available Now, mp3
John Holland in Conversation, PlexusCalls, - Audio File Available Now, mp3
Are Disease and Aging Information/Complexity Loss Syndromes?, PlexusCalls,
2002/11/08, 1 - 2 pm EST (To learn more about Ary Goldberger¡¦s work and
HeartSongs, Music of the Heart.) Audio File Available Now, mp3
Brenda Zimmerman in Conversation, PlexusCalls, Audio File Available Now, mp3
The Complexity of Entrepreneurship: A Launchcyte Story, Tom Petzinger,
PlexusCalls, 2002/11/22, Audio File Available Now, mp3
A Practical and Appreciative Approach to Complex and Chronic Challenges,
Keith McCandless, PlexusCalls, Jan 2003, Audio File Available Now, mp3


20.4 ComDig Announcement: New ComDig Archive in Beta Test

We are in the process of upgrading the Complexity Digest archives to a
format with improved search capabilities. Also, we will finally be able to
adequately publish the valuable feedback and comments from our knowledgable
readers. You are cordially invited to become a beta tester of our new
ComDig2 archive.


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