复杂性文摘 NO:2003.11


Complexity Digest 2003.11 March-16-2003

  Archive:  http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror:  http://www.comdig.de

Asian Mirror:  http://www.phil.pku.edu.cn/resguide/comdig/ (Chinese GB-Code)

"I think the next century will be the century of complexity." Stephen
Hawking, 2000

     1. Science, Uncertainty and Risk: The Problem of Complex
         Phenomena, APS News online
     2. It Will Be a Smaller World After All, NYTimes
     3. Stomachs Out of Africa, Science
          3.1. Ulcer Clue? Molecule Could Be Key To Stomach Ailment,
                 Science News
     4. Archaeology: The Coast Road, Nature
     5. Fair Punishment Supports Human Altruism, Nature
          5.1. Crows Alter Their Thieving Behavior When Dealing With Kin
                Or Other Birds, ScienceDaily
     6. Long Memory In Financial Time Series Data With Non-Gaussian
         Disturbances, Int. J. of Theor. & Appl. Fin.
     7. In Sea Of Cars, Trucks Reveal Traffic Flow, Science News
          7.1. Benetton Clothing To Carry Tiny Tracking Transmitters,
     8. Board Studies Wing Edge, Wind Shear, Foam Repair, Spaceflight
     9. Immunology: Fast And Feel Good?, Nature
          9.1. Bone Marrow Cells Can Become Heart Cells, UPI
    10. Psychology Professor Maps Choice-Making In The Brain,
          10.1. How Much Theory Of Mind Do You Need To Be Consciously
                  Aware?, Conscious. & Cognition
          10.2. World's First Brain Prosthesis Revealed, New Scientist
    11. The Essence Of Circadian Rhythms, J. Biol. Sys.
    12. Regulated Portals Of Entry Into The Cell, Nature
          12.1. State Transitions--a Question of Balance, Science
    13. Evolutionary Biology: Speciation Reversal, Nature
    14. Universe as Doughnut: New Data, New Debate, NYTimes
          14.1. Cosmology: Filling In The Background, Nature
    15. The Effects of Cenozoic Global Change on Squirrel Phylogeny,
          15.1. Inbreeding: Disease Susceptibility In California Sea
                  Lions, Nature
          15.2. Global Change: Who Pushed Whom Out of the Last Ice Age?,
    16. Fishy Food Cuts Belching Beasts' Methane, New Scientist
    17. Making Faces, NYTimes
          17.1. Identical Twins Crack Face Recognition Puzzle, Reuters
          17.2. Face-Recognition Technology Improves, NYTimes
          17.3. Recognizing the Dance on the Dotted Line, NYTimes
    18. Just War - or a Just War?, NYTimes
          18.1. The Right War for the Right Reasons, NYTimes
    19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
          19.1. Judge Affirms Terror Suspect Must Meet With Lawyers,
          19.2. Forsaken at Guantánamo, NYTimes
          19.3. Measuring Lost Freedom vs. Security in Dollars, NYTimes
    20. Links & Snippets
          20.1. Other Publications
          20.2. Webcast Announcements
          20.3. Conference Announcements
               20.3.1. Public Conference  Calls
          20.4. ComDig Announcement: New ComDig Archive in Beta Test


1. Science, Uncertainty and Risk: The Problem of Complex Phenomena, APS
News online

Excerpts: Science is increasingly involved in making statements about
physical phenomena that influence, and are influenced by, human activities.
The discourse among scientists, policy-makers and the public about such
phenomena is likely to become increasingly important and increasingly
difficult. Climate change is a famous example. There are many more such
cases today, and there will be many more in the future.
(¡K) How scientists assess and portray uncertainty in what we say about
complex physical phenomena is also difficult and imperfect.

Science, Uncertainty and Risk: The Problem of Complex Phenomena, Richard L.
Wagner, Jr., APS News online, 03/01

2. It Will Be a Smaller World After All, NYTimes

Excerpts: Remember the number 1.85. (¡K) It should change the way we think
about economics, geopolitics, the environment, culture - and about ourselves.
To make their calculations orderly, demographers have typically worked on
the assumption that the "total fertility rate" - the number of children
born per woman - would eventually average out to 2.1. Why 2.1? At that rate
the population stabilizes over time: a couple has two children, the parents
eventually die, and their children "replace" them. (The 0.1 accounts for
children who die before reaching the age of reproduction.)

It Will Be a Smaller World After All, NYTimes, 03/03/08

3. Stomachs Out of Africa, Science

Excerpts: Genetic variation within pathogens and parasites provides
information about their own evolution but rarely about the evolution of
their hosts. Among bacteria, host-parasite coevolution occurs in special
cases, but for most bacterial pathogens, frequent transmission between
hosts uncouples the evolution of the host from that of the bacterium.
However, evidence is accumulating that genes of the bacterium Helicobacter
pylori provide information about the origins of their human hosts. (¡K),
Falush and colleagues provide convincing evidence that this bacterium can
be used to trace ancient patterns of human migration.
Stomachs Out of Africa, Brian G. Spratt, Science 2003 299: 1528-1529

Excerpt: A protein called Ptprz binds with a bacterial toxin to produce
ulcers in mice, possibly revealing a mechanism for the disorder.

Ulcer Clue? Molecule Could Be Key To Stomach Ailment, Science News, Vol.
163, No. 10, p. 150, 03/03/08

4. Archaeology: The Coast Road, Nature

Excerpts: America's first inhabitants were people from Asia who migrated
over a now-submerged land bridge between the two continents. But when did
they come, and where did they go after making their crossing? (¡K)
The object (¡K) is a cave containing specimens that will answer one of the
great mysteries surrounding the peopling of the Americas: the date at which
the first human colonists crossed from Asia over a land bridge that now
lies submerged beneath the Bering and Chukchi Seas, and where the
travellers went after that.

Archaeology: The Coast Road, Rex Dalton, Nature 422, 10 - 12 (2003);

5. Fair Punishment Supports Human Altruism, New Scientist

Excerpts: The idea of fair punishment helps to maintain altruism in human
groups, new experiments have shown. People playing an investing game with
real money rapidly abandoned their altruistic behaviour if they felt the
punishment given for selfish acts was unwarranted.
Human altruism intrigues researchers because evolutionary theory predicts
that we should only be kind to others if there is something in it for us. (¡K)

"If people feel the punishment is fair, they respond by cooperating," says
Herbert Gintis, (¡K), but they react very badly to an unfair punishment.

Fair Punishment Supports Human Altruism, James Randerson, New Scientist,

Excerpts: (¡K) have found a species of crow that distinctly alters its
behavior when attempting to steal food from another crow, depending on
whether or not the other bird is a relative. The Northwestern crow uses a
passive strategy when it attempts to take food from kin but becomes
aggressive when it tries to steal a morsel from a non-related crow.
"This research shows these birds discriminate kin from non-kin. They can
tell who they are related to and treat birds differently. Crows and other
corvids are highly complex cognitively and socially, and are very adaptive."

Crows Alter Their Thieving Behavior When Dealing With Kin Or Other Birds,
ScienceDaily, 2003/03/12
Contributed by Atin Das

6. Long Memory In Financial Time Series Data With Non-Gaussian
Disturbances, Int. J. of Theor. & Appl. Fin.

Abstract: We compute finite sample critical values based on non-Gaussian
disturbances and the power properties of the tests are compared when using
both, the asymptotic and the finite-sample (Gaussian and non-Gaussian)
critical values. The tests are applied to the monthly structure of several
stock market indexes and the results show that the if the underlying I(0)
disturbances are white noise, the confidence intervals include the unit
root; however, if they are autocorrelated, the unit root is rejected in
favour of smaller degrees of integration.
Long Memory In Financial Time Series Data With Non-Gaussian Disturbances,
L. A. Gil-Alana, Int. J. of Theor. & Appl. Fin., Vol. 6, No. 2, pp:119-134,
Mar. 2003, doi:10.1142/S0219024903001827
Contributed by Pritha Das

7. In Sea Of Cars, Trucks Reveal Traffic Flow, Science News,

Excerpts: Traffic managers in urban settings monitor networks of roadway
sensors as one way to detect congestion. The faster those networks
recognize problems, the quicker authorities can alert motorists and
emergency teams to possible trouble.
Now, Benjamin Coifman (¡K) has devised a way to sense jams more quickly by
tracking the motion of trucks or other large vehicles within the overall
traffic flow. Amid the torrent of vehicles on highways, he says, those big
vehicles stand out much the way breadcrumbs do if dropped into a stream of

In Sea Of Cars, Trucks Reveal Traffic Flow, Peter Weiss, Science News, Vol.
163, No. 10, p. 150, 03/03/08

Excerpt: Clothes sold at Benetton stores will soon contain microchip
transmitters that allow the Italian retailer to track its garments from
their point of manufacture to the moment they're sold in any of its 5,000

Benetton's introduction of "smart tag" tracking technology will be the
largest example of a trend now emerging in the retail industry, according
to Phillips Semiconductors, a unit of the Dutch electronics giant that
designed 15 million tags being delivered to Benetton this year.

Benetton Clothing To Carry Tiny Tracking Transmitters, Jim
Krane,www.sfgate.com, 03/03/11

8. Board Studies Wing Edge, Wind Shear, Foam Repair, Spaceflight Now

Excerpt: Putting it all together - bipod foam repairs, wind shear, debris
impacts, thermal and aerodynamic events - is a complex job. But it may well
be a combination of factors doomed Columbia, not any one specific failure.
"What we're really looking at is a complex failure of a complex system,"
Gehman said. "It's possible, one of the scenarios we're looking at, it's
possible the foam striking a healthy orbiter would not have done enough
damage to cause the loss of this orbiter.

Board Studies Wing Edge, Wind Shear, Foam Repair, William Harwood,
Spaceflight Now, 03/03/11
Contributed by Stuart Glendinning-Hall

9. Immunology: Fast And Feel Good?, Nature

Excerpts: Claims that fasting eases symptoms of autoimmune disease have
been met with scepticism. But the idea receives some support from the
finding that leptin, a hormone that controls body weight, also regulates
autoimmunity. (¡K)
Measles, (¡K), is renowned for being a more serious disease in populations
that are starving or close to starving. Yet many people with the autoimmune
diseases rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis, whose immune systems
attack their joints or brain, claim that the symptoms of their disease can
be reduced by fasting or a change in diet.

Immunology: Fast And Feel Good?, Vijay K. Kuchroo, Lindsay B. Nicholson,
Nature 422, 27 - 28 (2003); doi:10.1038/422027a

Excerpt: Researchers said Tuesday that they have detected the first
evidence that cells originating in the bone marrow can form new heart
tissue in human adults, adding more support to the potential of using the
cells to repair damaged hearts.

The study is important because it suggests bone marrow cells called
progenitor cells could prove beneficial in the future for repairing heart
damage, Dr. Noel Caplice, the Mayo Clinic cardiologist who led the study,
said in a written statement.

Bone Marrow Cells Can Become Heart Cells, UPI, 03/03/11

10. Psychology Professor Maps Choice-making In The Brain, ScienceDaily

Excerpts: The latest research (¡K) may be able to explain why people often
can't make up their minds. "This research shows the brain is not a single
entity. There is not a single executive decision-making mechanism there."
Smith's research has resulted in neuroimages of the parts of the brain used
in different types of choices. Smith said there are two systems for making
decisions in the brain: deliberative and emotional. Deliberative systems,
also referred to as calculation areas, utilize parts of the brain related
to mathematics and rational decisions. Emotional systems utilize older,
more primal parts of the brain.
Psychology Professor Maps Choice-making In The Brain, ScienceDaily, 2003/03/07
Contributed by Atin Das

Abstract: When do children become consciously aware of events in the world?
Five possible strategies are considered for their usefulness in determining
the age in question. Three of these strategies ask when children show signs
of engaging in activities for which conscious awareness seems necessary in
adults (verbal communication, executive control, explicit memory), and two
of the strategies consider when children have the ability to have the
minimal form of higher-order thought necessary for access consciousness and
phenomenal consciousness, respectively. The tentative answer to the guiding
question is that children become consciously aware between 12 and 15 months
(¡Ó3 months).

Developmental Aspects Of Consciousness: How Much Theory Of Mind Do You Need
To Be Consciously Aware?, J. Perner, Z. Dienes, Conscious. & Cognition,
Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp:63-82 , Mar. 2003, doi:10.1016/S1053-8100(02)00010-7
Contributed by Atin Das

Excerpt: The world's first brain prosthesis - an artificial hippocampus -
is about to be tested in California. Unlike devices like cochlear implants,
which merely stimulate brain activity, this silicon chip implant will
perform the same processes as the damaged part of the brain it is replacing.

The prosthesis will first be tested on tissue from rats' brains, and then
on live animals. If all goes well, it will then be tested as a way to help
people who have suffered brain damage due to stroke, epilepsy or
Alzheimer's disease.

World's First Brain Prosthesis Revealed, New Scientist, 03/03/12

11. The Essence Of Circadian Rhythms, J. Biol. Sys.

Abstract: A new model (¡K) is proposed to explain the mechanism of
circadian rhythms. The yin yang model separate circadian activities in a
circadian system into yin (night activities) and yang (day activities) and
a circadian clock into a day clock and a night clock. The day clock is the
product of night activities, but it promotes day activities; the night
clock is the product of day activities, but it promotes night activities.
The clock maintains redox or energy homeostasis of the internal environment
and allows temporal separations between biological processes with opposite
impacts on the internal environment of a circadian system.
The Essence Of Circadian Rhythms, H. Min, J. Biol. Sys., Vol. 11, No. 1,
pp:85-100, Mar. 2003, doi:10.1142/S0218339003000610
Contributed by Pritha Das

12. Regulated Portals Of Entry Into The Cell, Nature

Summary You are what you eat - and a cell is what it allows through the
plasma membrane. All nutrients and signalling molecules have to pass
through this barrier, small molecules via protein pumps and channels,
larger macromolecules by invagination or endocytosis. It is becoming clear
that the molecular interactions governing endocytosis are highly complex
and form an integral part of overall cell function. Conner and Schmid
review recent research on the routes of entry into the cell, in particular
the clathrin pathway and its associated proteins.
Regulated Portals Of Entry Into The Cell, Seand. Conner, Sandra L. Schmid,
Nature 422, 37-44 (2003); doi:10.1038/nature01451

Excerpt: Green plants and algae use a process of photochemical energy
transduction called photosynthesis to harness light energy to make the
energy-rich molecule ATP. Within their chloroplasts, light energy captured
by chlorophyll photopigments is transformed into an electrochemical
potential, which raises the energy of an electron; the subsequent "fall" of
the electron back to its original state releases energy that is used to
make ATP. Plants must tune photosynthesis to changing light conditions, and
they do this with kinases that phosphorylate (add phosphate groups) to
proteins of the photosynthetic machinery.

State Transitions--a Question of Balance, John F. Allen, Science 2003 299:

13. Evolutionary Biology: Speciation Reversal, Nature

Excerpts: Chromosome rearrangements within species are thought to
contribute to reproductive isolation between species. This has now been
shown directly by unrearranging yeast chromosomes to break down a species
Research into evolution is usually a bit like forensic detective work.
Because it's impossible to carry out million-year experiments, we instead
look at what evolution has produced and try to figure out what happened and
why. Nowhere has this been more difficult than in the study of speciation,
the process by which one species splits into two.

Evolutionary Biology: Speciation Reversal, Ken Wolfe, Nature 422, 25 - 26
(2003); doi:10.1038/422025a

14. Universe as Doughnut: New Data, New Debate, NYTimes

Excerpt: But, according to the new map, there seems to be a limit to the
size of the waves, with none extending more than 60 degrees across the sky.
The effect was first noted as a puzzle in the COBE data, (¡K) and now seems

If the universe were a guitar string, it would be missing its deepest
notes, (¡K), perhaps because it is not big enough to sustain them.

"The fact that there appears to be an angular cutoff hints at a special
distance scale in the universe," (¡K).

Universe as Doughnut: New Data, New Debate, Dennis Overbye, NYTimes, March
11, 2003

Excerpts: (¡K) Universe is spatially flat and 14 billion years old, with an
energy density consisting of 30% matter and 70% dark energy (a smoothly
distributed component that varies slowly, if at all, as the Universe
expands). (¡K) Worse still, why is the total abundance of matter comparable
to that of dark energy if they are changing rapidly with respect to each
other as the Universe expands? Furthermore, the leading candidate for dark
energy is vacuum energy, or the cosmological constant, for which
theoretical estimates disagree with observations by 120 orders of magnitude.
Cosmology: Filling In The Background, Sean Carroll, Nature 422, 26 - 27
(2003); doi:10.1038/422026a

15. The Effects of Cenozoic Global Change on Squirrel Phylogeny, Science

Summary: Squirrels appear to be excellent indicators of environmental
history because they are one of a very small number of mammalian families
that is almost worldwide in distribution. Mercer and Roth (p. 1568) present
a comprehensive genus-level molecular phylogeny of the squirrel family.
They document striking chronological and geographic correspondence between
events of divergence and diversification in the squirrel family (Sciuridae)
and multiple tectonic, sea-level, and paleontological events documented in
the geological record. Their findings may help in the understanding of the
Cenozoic environmental and biogeographical history of such complex regions
as Southeast Asia and the American tropics.
The Effects of Cenozoic Global Change on Squirrel Phylogeny, John M.
Mercer, V. Louise Roth, Science 2003 299: 1568-1572
See also: How Global Change Shaped the Squirrel Family, Elizabeth Pennisi,
Science 2003 299: 1165-1167

Excerpt: Inbreeding in animals can increase their susceptibility to
pathogens, but direct evidence from wild populations is scarce and it is
unclear whether all pathogens are affected equally. Here we analyse rescued
California sea lions afflicted with a range of different pathogens, and
find that sick animals have higher-than-normal parental relatedness, with
the extent varying among disease classes. Our findings indicate that
mortality in natural populations may not be entirely random and that inbred
individuals could act as more effective reservoirs of infectious agents.
Inbreeding: Disease Susceptibility In California Sea Lions, Karina
Acevedo-Whitehouse, Frances Gulland, Denise Greig, William Amos, Nature
422, 35 (2003); doi:10.1038/422035a

Excerpt: By most accounts, the North Atlantic called all the shots as the
world staggered out of the depths of the previous ice age 20,000 years ago.
When warm water surged back into the North Atlantic, the world began to
melt out of its deep freeze. When the flow of warm water shut down, the
world shivered again. Only after several such reversals did the world break
the ice's hold. But now there's an upstart challenging the North Atlantic
as a dominant global climate shifter.
Global Change:Who Pushed Whom Out of the Last Ice Age?, Richard A. Kerr,
Science 2003 299: 1645.

16. Fishy Food Cuts Belching Beasts' Methane, New Scientist

Excerpts: Adding a dash of fish oil to animal fodder could help farmers
stifle the greenhouse gases wafting from their farmyards, (¡K). Switching
animals from regular feed onto a diet of fishy fodder cut the amount of
methane in their belches by nearly half. (¡K)
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, belches from farmyard
animals account for around 22 per cent of global emissions of the
greenhouse gas methane. Volume for volume, methane traps nearly 20 times as
much heat as carbon dioxide, making it a potent contributor to global warming.

Fishy Food Cuts Belching Beasts' Methane, New Scientist, 03/03/12

17. Making Faces, NYTimes

Excerpts: Once removed from a donor, a face, much like a heart, can survive
without adequate blood supply for only a matter of hours (¡K). With the
recipient's scar tissue removed and the essential arteries and veins
exposed, surgeons would attach them to the corresponding arteries and veins
in the harvested face in order to supply both nourishment and drainage.
(¡K). Should a human recipient's subsequent immunosuppression therapy prove
successful, they would then face months, even years, of painful healing and
physical therapy just to achieve minimal function.
Making Faces, Charles Siebert, NYTimes, March 9, 2003

Excerpts: The technology scans and maps the human face as a
three-dimensional surface, providing a far more accurate reference for
identifying a person than current systems, most of which rely on
two-dimensional images, Kimmel said.

The product can potentially meet a wide range of security needs (¡K).

Kimmel and one of his former pupils, Assi Elad, had already developed the
algorithms used as building-blocks for the face-recognition system. The
Bronstein twins constructed a 3-D scanner, together with engineer Eyal
Gordon, and applied the ideas to face recognition.

Identical Twins Crack Face Recognition Puzzle, Michele Gershberg, Reuters,

Excerpts: Facial recognition technology has improved substantially since
2000, according to results released yesterday of a benchmark test by four
federal government agencies (¡K).
The data, which is the latest in a series of biannual tests overseen by the
National Institute of Standards and Technology, is expected to encourage
government security officers to deploy facial recognition systems in
combination with fingerprinting and other biometric systems for
applications like verifying that people are who they claim to be and
identifying unknown people by comparing them with a database of images.

Face-Recognition Technology Improves, Barnaby J. Feder, NYTimes, 03/03/14

Excerpts: By contrast, in biometric systems the appearance of the signature
matters little. Instead, it is the act of signing that counts. (¡K)
The idea of using handwriting dynamics to authenticate signatures is not
new. For several years, I.B.M. has sold a system based on the principle to
banks and other financial institutions to authorize computer transfers of
large amounts of money. But such systems use costly, specially made pens
and require the transfer of relatively large amounts of data, making them
impractical for retailers with thousands of cash registers.

Recognizing the Dance on the Dotted Line, Ian Austen, NYTimes, 03/03/13

18. Just War - or a Just War?, NYTimes

Excerpts: Profound changes have been taking place in American foreign
policy, reversing consistent bipartisan commitments that for more than two
centuries have earned our nation greatness. These commitments have been
predicated on basic religious principles, respect for international law,
and alliances that resulted in wise decisions and mutual restraint. Our
apparent determination to launch a war against Iraq, without international
support, is a violation of these premises. (¡K)
The war can be waged only as a last resort, (¡K). In the case of Iraq, (¡K)
alternatives to war exist.

Just War - or a Just War?, Jimmy Carter, NYTimes, 03/03/09

Excerpts: There are risks in this endeavor, (¡K).
But no one can plausibly argue that ridding the world of Saddam Hussein
will not significantly improve the stability of the region and the security
of American interests and values. Saddam Hussein is a risk-taking aggressor
who has attacked four countries, used chemical weapons against his own
people, professed a desire to harm the United States and its allies and,
even faced with the prospect of his regime's imminent destruction, has
still refused to abide by the Security Council demands that he disarm.

The Right War for the Right Reasons, John McCain, NYTimes, 03/03/12

19. Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks

Excerpts: In a 35-page ruling, the judge showed impatience and irritation
with the government over its failure to agree on conditions for a meeting
between Mr. Padilla and his lawyers. (¡K)
"Lest any confusion remain," the judge wrote, "this is not a suggestion or
a request that Padilla be permitted to consult with counsel, and it is
certainly not an invitation to conduct a further `dialogue' about whether
he will be permitted to do so."

Judge Affirms Terror Suspect Must Meet With Lawyers, Benjamin Weiser,
NYTimes, 03/03/12

Excerpts: The United States military is holding hundreds of prisoners
accused of Taliban or Al Qaeda ties at Guantanamo. Many were seized in the
heat of battle, but others were turned over in exchange for rewards or
bounties. Advocates for the prisoners maintain that one-third or more are
being held on the basis of bad intelligence, (¡K).
Whatever their legal status, the Guantanamo detainees must be given a
chance to contest their confinement. Those who were wrongly caught up in
the military's net must have an opportunity to make their case.

Forsaken at Guantanamo, NYTimes, 03/03/12

Excerpt: In a notice published last month, the budget office asked experts
from around the country for ideas on how to measure "indirect costs" like
lost time, lost privacy and even lost liberty that might stem from tougher
security regulations.
The budget office has not challenged any domestic security rules, and
officials say they are only beginning to look at how they might measure
costs of things like reduced privacy. But officials said they hoped to give
federal agencies guidance by the end of the year.

Measuring Lost Freedom vs. Security in Dollars, Edmund L. Andrews, NYTimes,

20. Links & Snippets

20.1 Other Publications

Dynamical Coupling Of Wind And Ocean Waves Through Wave-Induced Air Flow,
T. S. Hristov, S. D. Miller, C. A. Friehe, Nature 422, 55 - 58 (2003);
Psychophysics: Is Subliminal Learning Really Passive?, Aaron R. Seitz,
Takeo Watanabe, Nature 422, 36 (2003); doi:10.1038/422036a
Dynamics-Driven Reaction Pathway in an Intramolecular Rearrangement, Ammal,
Salai Cheettu, Yamataka, Hiroshi, Aida, Misako, Dupuis, Michel, Science
2003 299: 1555-1557
Migrating Birds Could Fly Into War, Iraq Lies Between African Sites And
Northern Nesting Areas, Reuters, 03/03/13
When Drinking Helps, Sometimes a nip of alcohol can indeed prove
therapeutic, though usually not until middle age, Science News, Vol. 163,
No. 10, 03/03/08
Blood Sugar Processing Tied To Brain Problems, Elderly people with slightly
elevated blood sugar are more likely to have short-term memory problems
than those with normal blood sugar.
Is A Wild Mammal Kept And Reared In Captivity Still A Wild Animal?, C.
Kunzl, S. Kaiser, E. Meier, N. Sachser, Hormones & Behav., Vol. 43, Issue
1, pp:187-196, Jan. 2003, doi:10.1016/S0018-506X(02)00017-X
Benefits And Costs Of Increased Levels Of Corticosterone In Seabird Chicks,
A. S. Kitaysky , E. V. Kitaiskaia, J. F. Piatt, J. C. Wingfield, Hormones &
Behav., Vol. 43, Issue 1, pp:140-149, 2003/01/24,
Integrating Stress Physiology, Environmental Change, And Behavior In
Free-Living Sparrows, C. W. Breuner, T. P. Hahn, Hormones & Behav., Vol.
43, Issue 1, pp:115-123, 2003/02/11, doi:10.1016/S0018-506X(02)00020-X
Completeness And Accuracy Of Morning Reports After A Recall Cue: Comparison
Of Dream And Film Reports, J. Montangero , C. T. Ivanyia & Z. de
Saint-Hilaireb, Conscious. & Cognition, Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp: 49-62, Mar.
2003, doi:10.1016/S1053-8100(02)00029-6
Complexity Of Visual Stimuli And Non-Linear EEG Dynamics In Humans, V.
Muller, W. Lutzenberger, H. Preis, F. Pulvermuller & N.  Birbaumer,
Cognitive Brain Res., Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp:104-110, Mar. 2003,
A Functional MRI Study Of High-Level Cognition. I. The Game Of Chess, M.
Atherton, J. Zhuang, W. M. Bart, X. Hub & S. He , Cognitive Brain Res.,
Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp:26-31, Mar. 2003, doi:10.1016/S0926-6410(02)00207-0
Persistence In A Prey-Predator System With Disease In The Prey, D.
Mukherjee, J. Biol. Sys., Vol. 11, No. 1, pp:101-112, Mar. 2003,
2003 Japan Prize For The Creation Of Universal Concepts In Complex Systems,
UK Nonlinear News, March 2003
Counter-Terrorist Spray - The Physics Congress 2003, J. Aslett,
Alphagalileo, 2003/03/12
Researchers Developing 'Sentinel Plants' To Warn Of Bioterrorism,
ScienceDaily, 2003/03/07
Johns Hopkins Scientists Create Forgetful Mouse, ScienceDaily, 2003/03/10
A Model For An Inshore-Offshore Fishery, B. Dubey, P. Sinha & P. Chandra,
J. Biol. Sys., Vol. 11, No. 1, pp: 27-41, Mar. 2003,
A Continuous-Time Reexamination Of Dollar-Cost Averaging, M. A. Milevsky,
S. E. Posner, Int. J. of Theor. & Appl. Fin., Vol. 6, No. 2, pp:173-194 ,
Mar. 2003, doi:10.1142/S0219024903001888
Global Asymptotic Stability Of A Class Of Dynamical Neural Networks, A.
Meyer-Base & S. S. Pilyugin, Int. J. Neural Sys., Vol. 13, No. 1, pp:47-53,
Feb. 2003, doi:10.1142/S012906570300139X
Sample Complexity For Function Learning Tasks Through Linear Neural
Networks, A. H. Aguirre, C. Koutsougeras & B. Buckles, Int. J. Artificial
Intell. Tools, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp:499-511, Dec. 2002,

20.2 Coming and Ongoing Webcasts

New: New Trends In Industrial Partnership And Innovation Management At
European Research Laboratories, CERN, Geneva, 03/03/19 (with webcast)
CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events
"New Frontiers of Neuroscience" Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, 03/03/07
Television & Children's Media Policy: Where Do We Go From Here?,
Washinghton, DC, 03/02/28, c-span, (clip12657), 1:35
INSC 2003, International Nonlinear Sciences Conference, Vienna, Austria,
World Economic Forum Meeting "Building Trust", Davos, Switzerland, 03/01/23-28
2002 Financial Management Conference, 02/10/16-19
Artificial Life Conference (A-Life 8), Sydney, Australia, 02/12/09-13
Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998

20.3 Conference Announcements

Quantum Mind 2003, Consciousness, Quantum Physics and the Brain, Tucson,
Az, USA, 03/03/15-19
3rd World Water Forum and Ministerial Conference, Kyoto/Osaka/Shiga,
Complexity Science In Practice: Understanding & Acting To Improve Health
and Health Care, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota USA, 03/03/21-22
Fourth International Conference on Intelligent Data Engineering and
Automated Learning (IDEAL'03), Hong Kong, 03/03/21-23
2003 AAAI Spring Symposium Series, Computational Synthesis: From Basic
Building Blocks To High Level Functionality, Stanford, 03/03/24-27
Jahrestagung 2003 des AKSOE (Physics of Socio-Economical Systems), Dresden,
Germany, 03/03/24-28
Design and Product Complexity Meeting, Open Univ, Milton Keynes, UK, 03/04/07
Explorations of Complexity - A Science of Qualities: A Conversation with
Brian Goodwin, Open Univ, Milton Keynes, UK, 03/04/07
Uncertainty and Surprise: Questions on Working with the Unexpected, U. of
Texas at Austin, Texas, 03/04/10-12
7th Annual Swarm Researchers and Users Meeting (SwarmFest2003), Notre Dame,
IN, 03/04/13-14
Agent-Based Simulation 4, Montpellier, France, 03/04/28-30
2003 O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference, Santa Clara, CA, 03/04/22-25
NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, The Beckman Center,
Irvine, CA, 03/05/09-11
The Opening of Systems Theory, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, DK,
SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/01-04
21st ICDE World Conf on Open Learning and Distance Education, Hong Kong,
17th Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Simulation (PADS 2003), San
Diego, California, 03/06/10-13
2003 Summer Computer Simulation Conference (SCSC '03), Montreal, Canada,
5th Intl Conf "Symmetry in Nonlinear Mathematical Physics", Kiev, Ukraine,
03/06/23-29, Mirror
47th Meeting of the Intl Soc for the System Sciences: Conscious Evolution
Of Humanity: Using Systems Thinking To Construct Agoras Of The Global
Village, Iraklion, Crete, Greec, 03/07/07-11
9th International Conference on Auditory Display, Boston, MA, 03/07/07-09,
Wkshp on Assistive Technologies for the Blind, 03/07/06
2003 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2003), Chicago,
2nd Intl Joint Conf on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
(AAMAS-2003), Melbourne, Australia, 03/07/14-18
7th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI
2003), Orlando, Florida, 03/07/27-30
Intl Conf on Socio Political Informatics and Cybernetics: SPIC '03,
Orlando, Fl, USA, 03/07/31-08/02
13th Annual International Conference, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life
Sciences,Boston, MA, USA, 03/08/08-10
1st German Conference on Multiagent System Technologies (MATES'03), Erfurt,
Germany, 03/09/22-25
7th European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL-2003), Dortmund, Germany,
2003 IEEE/WIC Intl Joint Conf. Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent
Technology, Beijing, China, 03/10/13-17
ICDM '03: The Third IEEE International Conference on Data Mining,
Melbourne, Florida, USA, 03/11/19-22
3rd International Workshop on Meta-Synthesis and Complex System, Guangzhou,
China, 03/11/29-30
2nd International Workshop on the Mathematics and Algorithms of Social
Insects, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; 03/12/15-17

20.3.1 Public Conference  Calls

Complexity And Medical Practice, Pat Rush & Bob Lindberg, PlexusCalls,
03/01/10, Audio File Available Now, mp3
John Holland in Conversation, PlexusCalls, - Audio File Available Now, mp3
Are Disease and Aging Information/Complexity Loss Syndromes?, PlexusCalls,
02/11/08, 1 - 2 pm EST (To learn more about Ary Goldberger¡¦s work and
HeartSongs, Music of the Heart.) Audio File Available Now, mp3
Brenda Zimmerman in Conversation, PlexusCalls, Audio File Available Now, mp3
The Complexity of Entrepreneurship: A Launchcyte Story, Tom Petzinger,
PlexusCalls, 02/11/22, Audio File Available Now, mp3
A Practical and Appreciative Approach to Complex and Chronic Challenges,
Keith McCandless, PlexusCalls, Jan 2003, Audio File Available Now, mp3

20.4 ComDig Announcement: New ComDig Archive in Beta Test

We are in the process of upgrading the Complexity Digest archives to a
format with improved search capabilities. Also, we will finally be able to
adequately publish the valuable feedback and comments from our knowledgable
readers. You are cordially invited to become a beta tester of our new
ComDig2 archive.

Complexity Digest <http://www.comdig.org/>  is an independent publication
available to organizations that may wish to repost ComDig to their own
mailing lists. ComDig
is published by Dean LeBaron <http://www.deanlebaron.com/index.html>  and
edited by Gottfried J. Mayer
<http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/g/x/gxm21/> . For individual e-mail
subscriptions send requests to: subscriptions@comdig.org